A specialist of the Vavilov Institute of Natural History and Engineering, Russian Academy of Sciences, A.G. Nazarov has considered Vernadsky’s famous concept on biosphere transmutation into noosphere ("sphere of human thought") from the ecological point of view and has come to the conclusion that noospheric reconstruction of biosphere has no prospects and is unreal.
V.I.Vernadsky had no time to develop himself an integral doctrine about noosphere. In the 20s of the last century he still considered human activity as a force alien to biosphere, but 15 to 20 years later he put forward an idea of biosphere’s “transmutation”, “transition” into noosphere. V.I.Vernadsky had in view that human beings would undertake control and government of all global processes of substance and energy exchange, but he did not point out how specifically all this would happen. Vernadsky believed that one of important prerequisites for noosphere formation was “complete populating of biosphere by human beings”, and the main indications of imminent transition was extinction of multiple species of wild animals and plants, as well as amelioration of vast areas. Nowadays, these changes that made the scientist so glad have grown up to reach the scope of global ecological crisis. Noospheric reality – this is the destruction of our natural habitat. Nevertheless, hundreds of scientists, followers of Vernadsky, hope that his theory will permit to overcome the current ecological crisis.
Relationship between noospheric doctrine and ecology are not simple in general. Vernadsky did not virtually refer to ecologists in his works, and ecologists do not practically discuss now the idea of biosphere turning into noosphere. In A.G. Nazarov’s opinion, “transmutation” of biosphere is not possible even theoretically. To manage all biospheric processes, mankind should control their information flows. But a single bacterium lets pass through itself as much information as a contemporary PC does. The total amount of such cells on the Earth makes 10 in the 28th power. That is 20 times higher that the number of people on the planet and 22 times more than the number of computers available. It is beyond mankind’s power to cope with the information gap of such extent.
Sergey Komarov | alfa
22.02.2018 | Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg im Breisgau
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