The overall performance of the gene signature to be used in the first large-scale trial to study the role of such tumor signatures in breast cancer is encouraging and gives the green light to start the trial proper, Dr. Martine Piccart, head of the medical oncology department at the Institut Jules Bordet in Brussels, Belgium, told the San Antonio Breast Cancer conference today (Wednesday 8 December 2004). Dr Piccart heads the TRANSBIG consortium, which intends to use the 70-gene prognostic signature developed by the Netherlands Cancer Institute / Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Hospital (NKI-AVL) in MINDACT, a large, prospective, international randomized clinical trial for lymph node negative breast cancer that will look at the utility of the signature in clinical practice.
TRANSBIG is a translational research network involving 39 partners from all over Europe and Latin America. The validation involved centers in France, Sweden, UK and the US and was based on the frozen archival tumor material of 291 node negative (without cancerous cells in the lymph nodes) patients aged < 60, diagnosed through 1998, and who had received only surgery or radiotherapy. The 70-gene signature outperformed existing standard criteria (St. Gallen, Nottingham Prognostic Index, and Adjuvant Online) in predicting time to distant metastasis (the development of tumors in other parts of the body) and overall survival. The statistical analysis was carried out independently of Amsterdam by a statistical team in Belgium, in collaboration with a bioinformatics group in Switzerland. Dr.Piccart said: "While the overall performance of the 70-gene prognostic signature in the external validation series was inferior to the original Amsterdam series, the results are more than good enough to justify starting the trial."
If the trial confirms that the signature is better than standard methods are in determining which women need chemotherapy after their breast cancer has been surgically removed, it is expected that prescription of such treatment can be reduced by up to 20%. This could have substantial impact on the overall quality of life for many women with breast cancer by reducing side effects, and also the associated health care costs.
Nuria Decker | EurekAlert!
A room with a view - or how cultural differences matter in room size perception
25.04.2017 | Max-Planck-Institut für biologische Kybernetik
Studying a catalyst for blood cancers
25.04.2017 | University of Miami Miller School of Medicine
More and more automobile companies are focusing on body parts made of carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP). However, manufacturing and repair costs must be further reduced in order to make CFRP more economical in use. Together with the Volkswagen AG and five other partners in the project HolQueSt 3D, the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) has developed laser processes for the automatic trimming, drilling and repair of three-dimensional components.
Automated manufacturing processes are the basis for ultimately establishing the series production of CFRP components. In the project HolQueSt 3D, the LZH has...
Reflecting the structure of composites found in nature and the ancient world, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have synthesized thin carbon nanotube (CNT) textiles that exhibit both high electrical conductivity and a level of toughness that is about fifty times higher than copper films, currently used in electronics.
"The structural robustness of thin metal films has significant importance for the reliable operation of smart skin and flexible electronics including...
The nearby, giant radio galaxy M87 hosts a supermassive black hole (BH) and is well-known for its bright jet dominating the spectrum over ten orders of magnitude in frequency. Due to its proximity, jet prominence, and the large black hole mass, M87 is the best laboratory for investigating the formation, acceleration, and collimation of relativistic jets. A research team led by Silke Britzen from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, has found strong indication for turbulent processes connecting the accretion disk and the jet of that galaxy providing insights into the longstanding problem of the origin of astrophysical jets.
Supermassive black holes form some of the most enigmatic phenomena in astrophysics. Their enormous energy output is supposed to be generated by the...
The probability to find a certain number of photons inside a laser pulse usually corresponds to a classical distribution of independent events, the so-called...
Microprocessors based on atomically thin materials hold the promise of the evolution of traditional processors as well as new applications in the field of flexible electronics. Now, a TU Wien research team led by Thomas Müller has made a breakthrough in this field as part of an ongoing research project.
Two-dimensional materials, or 2D materials for short, are extremely versatile, although – or often more precisely because – they are made up of just one or a...
20.04.2017 | Event News
18.04.2017 | Event News
03.04.2017 | Event News
25.04.2017 | Earth Sciences
25.04.2017 | Life Sciences
25.04.2017 | Earth Sciences