Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:


Human Brain Connectivity Mapping


The unique connectivity pattern of a brain region determines the type of information available to it, and hence influences its function. Defining these patterns enhances our knowledge of human brain architecture and function. Non-invasive in vivo definition of brain connectivity patterns complements functional imaging and provides new understanding of disorders associated with developmental or regional alterations of brain connectivity. There are extensions to this approach to clinically important issues. As an example, brain connectivity problems are important in developmental and acquired brain disorders.

Researchers working within the University of Oxford Clinical Neurology Department have developed a technique that is able to provide non-invasive identification of boundaries between major nuclei in a patient undergoing surgery, thereby improving both targeting accuracy and outcomes. The invention relates to mapping the connectivity of the brain’s nervous system in a human, and uses imaging data derived from magnetic resonance imaging. New computer methods derive the anatomical connectivity patterns, and analyse the structure of the nervous system.

Testing the hypothesis that changes in fronto-thalamic circuitry i.e. thalamic dysfunction is a factor in schizophrenia becomes a reality using this methodology. Impairments in cortico-cortical connectivity are found in individuals with learning disabilities. The new method allows a quantitative approach to the differences so that actual variations in learning abilities and performance can be determined. At present localisation in stereotactic neurosurgery or deep brain stimulation of specific thalamic nuclei in movement disorders remains difficult. This approach to grey matter segmentation has the potential to improve targeting accuracy and outcomes.

The technology is the subject of a patent application and Isis Innovation Ltd would welcome the opportunity to discuss the commercial applications with interested companies.

Kim Bruty | alfa
Further information:

More articles from Life Sciences:

nachricht First time-lapse footage of cell activity during limb regeneration
25.10.2016 | eLife

nachricht Phenotype at the push of a button
25.10.2016 | Institut für Pflanzenbiochemie

All articles from Life Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Light-driven atomic rotations excite magnetic waves

Terahertz excitation of selected crystal vibrations leads to an effective magnetic field that drives coherent spin motion

Controlling functional properties by light is one of the grand goals in modern condensed matter physics and materials science. A new study now demonstrates how...

Im Focus: New 3-D wiring technique brings scalable quantum computers closer to reality

Researchers from the Institute for Quantum Computing (IQC) at the University of Waterloo led the development of a new extensible wiring technique capable of controlling superconducting quantum bits, representing a significant step towards to the realization of a scalable quantum computer.

"The quantum socket is a wiring method that uses three-dimensional wires based on spring-loaded pins to address individual qubits," said Jeremy Béjanin, a PhD...

Im Focus: Scientists develop a semiconductor nanocomposite material that moves in response to light

In a paper in Scientific Reports, a research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute describes a novel light-activated phenomenon that could become the basis for applications as diverse as microscopic robotic grippers and more efficient solar cells.

A research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) has developed a revolutionary, light-activated semiconductor nanocomposite material that can be used...

Im Focus: Diamonds aren't forever: Sandia, Harvard team create first quantum computer bridge

By forcefully embedding two silicon atoms in a diamond matrix, Sandia researchers have demonstrated for the first time on a single chip all the components needed to create a quantum bridge to link quantum computers together.

"People have already built small quantum computers," says Sandia researcher Ryan Camacho. "Maybe the first useful one won't be a single giant quantum computer...

Im Focus: New Products - Highlights of COMPAMED 2016

COMPAMED has become the leading international marketplace for suppliers of medical manufacturing. The trade fair, which takes place every November and is co-located to MEDICA in Dusseldorf, has been steadily growing over the past years and shows that medical technology remains a rapidly growing market.

In 2016, the joint pavilion by the IVAM Microtechnology Network, the Product Market “High-tech for Medical Devices”, will be located in Hall 8a again and will...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>



Event News

#IC2S2: When Social Science meets Computer Science - GESIS will host the IC2S2 conference 2017

14.10.2016 | Event News

Agricultural Trade Developments and Potentials in Central Asia and the South Caucasus

14.10.2016 | Event News

World Health Summit – Day Three: A Call to Action

12.10.2016 | Event News

Latest News

Deep down fracking wells, microbial communities thrive

25.10.2016 | Earth Sciences

Scientists discover particles similar to Majorana fermions

25.10.2016 | Physics and Astronomy

Phenotype at the push of a button

25.10.2016 | Life Sciences

More VideoLinks >>>