Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Discovery of proteins necessary for HIV release suggests possible new therapeutic targets

14.04.2003


Dr. Wesley Sundquist, professor of biochemistry at the University of Utah, will present at the Experimental Biology 2003 meeting in San Diego on his work in elucidating how HIV is manufactured and assembled in the cell.



The raison d’être of a virus such as HIV, if a non-living thing can be said to have one, is to turn a host cell into a factory that churns out virus copies and releases them to infect other cells. Dr. Sundquist’s research has focused on discovering the mechanisms underlying this manufacturing process.

By identifying and characterizing the structures of specific cellular proteins that are crucial to assembling HIV, Dr. Sundquist is providing potential new targets for future anti-HIV drugs. For example, he and his colleagues were the first to show that a protein called TSG101 is required for HIV release. HIV needs TSG101 in order to escape from its host cell in a process termed budding. Dr. Sundquist’s team has also determined the structure of the part of TSG101 to which HIV binds. Finding ways to alter this structure or otherwise block its binding to HIV theoretically would prevent budding and slow or halt the infection.


Sundquist is the 2003 recipient of the ASBMB-Amgen Award. Among the research strengths for which Dr. Sundquist has been lauded is his use of a wide palette of experimental techniques to determine the structures of key components in HIV assembly. By incorporating nuclear magnetic resonance imaging, cryogenic electron microscopy, genetic analysis, and other technologies into his lab, he has produced compelling findings that have made him a leader in the field of HIV research and structural biology.

Perhaps more significantly, Dr. Sundquist not only produces vivid descriptions of important molecular structures but also uses his findings to predict the potential effects of manipulating these molecules. Having identified the three-dimensional structures of two proteins, named Matrix and Capsid, which are key components of the HIV assembly line, Dr. Sundquist and his colleagues now aim to understand exactly how these proteins help assemble the virus. Their studies will guide the development of drugs that target those proteins.

Sarah Goodwin | EurekAlert!
Further information:
http://www.faseb.org/

More articles from Life Sciences:

nachricht Ion treatments for cardiac arrhythmia — Non-invasive alternative to catheter-based surgery
20.01.2017 | GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung GmbH

nachricht Seeking structure with metagenome sequences
20.01.2017 | DOE/Joint Genome Institute

All articles from Life Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Traffic jam in empty space

New success for Konstanz physicists in studying the quantum vacuum

An important step towards a completely new experimental access to quantum physics has been made at University of Konstanz. The team of scientists headed by...

Im Focus: How gut bacteria can make us ill

HZI researchers decipher infection mechanisms of Yersinia and immune responses of the host

Yersiniae cause severe intestinal infections. Studies using Yersinia pseudotuberculosis as a model organism aim to elucidate the infection mechanisms of these...

Im Focus: Interfacial Superconductivity: Magnetic and superconducting order revealed simultaneously

Researchers from the University of Hamburg in Germany, in collaboration with colleagues from the University of Aarhus in Denmark, have synthesized a new superconducting material by growing a few layers of an antiferromagnetic transition-metal chalcogenide on a bismuth-based topological insulator, both being non-superconducting materials.

While superconductivity and magnetism are generally believed to be mutually exclusive, surprisingly, in this new material, superconducting correlations...

Im Focus: Studying fundamental particles in materials

Laser-driving of semimetals allows creating novel quasiparticle states within condensed matter systems and switching between different states on ultrafast time scales

Studying properties of fundamental particles in condensed matter systems is a promising approach to quantum field theory. Quasiparticles offer the opportunity...

Im Focus: Designing Architecture with Solar Building Envelopes

Among the general public, solar thermal energy is currently associated with dark blue, rectangular collectors on building roofs. Technologies are needed for aesthetically high quality architecture which offer the architect more room for manoeuvre when it comes to low- and plus-energy buildings. With the “ArKol” project, researchers at Fraunhofer ISE together with partners are currently developing two façade collectors for solar thermal energy generation, which permit a high degree of design flexibility: a strip collector for opaque façade sections and a solar thermal blind for transparent sections. The current state of the two developments will be presented at the BAU 2017 trade fair.

As part of the “ArKol – development of architecturally highly integrated façade collectors with heat pipes” project, Fraunhofer ISE together with its partners...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Sustainable Water use in Agriculture in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

19.01.2017 | Event News

12V, 48V, high-voltage – trends in E/E automotive architecture

10.01.2017 | Event News

2nd Conference on Non-Textual Information on 10 and 11 May 2017 in Hannover

09.01.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Helmholtz International Fellow Award for Sarah Amalia Teichmann

20.01.2017 | Awards Funding

An innovative high-performance material: biofibers made from green lacewing silk

20.01.2017 | Materials Sciences

Ion treatments for cardiac arrhythmia — Non-invasive alternative to catheter-based surgery

20.01.2017 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>