Using clusters of gold atoms and a microscopic lever, University of Toronto chemists have created a tiny circuit critical to the future of electronic engineering.
"When things are this small, they are fantastically sensitive," says Professor Al-Amin Dhirani. "Such a circuit could make possible a bio-sensor that is activated by the reaction of just one molecule." This has the potential for detecting important biological molecules including DNA, he notes.
Dhirani found that when the metal tip of an electrical source is placed near a lever coated in gold nanoparticles, electrons jump from the tip to the nanoparticles. This pulls the lever toward the tip. His finding allows researchers to detect the presence of a single electron in a circuit. Up until now, researchers could show only the overall electron flow in nanoparticles.
Nicolle Wahl | EurekAlert!
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