Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Bioenergy­-For What and How Much? Now in Russian and in English!

26.02.2008
How far can bioenergy go in the energy systems of tomorrow? How much bioenergy can we extract from forests and farm fields, and what should it be used for? What incentives and regulations are necessary to increase the use of biofuels? What contradictions are there between increased biofuel production and other environmental goals? These and other questions are addressed in the Formas pocket book Bioenergy­-For What and How Much?

"Bioenergy is one of the hottest environmental and energy issues in the world today," says Rolf Annerberg, director general of the Swedish Research Council Formas. "We have therefore had Bioenergy­-For What and How Much? translated into both Russian and English."

The use of bioenergy is rising dramatically around the world. In Sweden bioenergy is a major resource. Prime Minister Göran Persson's Oil Commission found that Sweden could double its use of bioenergy by 2050. But is this realistic? And what's happening in other countries?

Globally speaking, there is not enough bioenergy to replace fossil fuels, according to three scientists from Chalmers University of Technology in Gothenburg, Sweden, in the chapter "Biomass­A Scarce Resource in a Global Perspective." Several authors stress that land is a limiting factor and that we must take into consideration the energy benefits extracted per hectare.

"Invest in radical technological change, not biofuels," write two researchers from Umeå University in Sweden. They provide a historical review of international energy developments.

Which bioenergy systems should we commit to? A scientist from Lund University in Sweden maintains that it is difficult to generalize, but that forest fuels and energy forests are efficient in terms of energy, the environment, and costs. What's more, energy combinations appear to be efficient, where we can produce many different things at the same time, including heat, electricity, and vehicle fuel.

A researcher from Mid Sweden University writes that with today's technology it is more efficient for the climate to produce heat and electricity than fuel from biomass. But new technology is in the pipeline that will improve the climate efficiency of this fuel.

Today the trend is to shift from oil dependency to alcohol dependency when it comes to fuels, according to a researcher from Chalmers. We run the risk of committing ourselves too much to technologies and systems that are not optimal in the long run. He points out that a thousand large-scale and efficient bioenergy facilities would be needed to replace all fossil fuels in the EU.

Other chapters in the book deal with issues like the trade-off between bioenergy and food production, global trade with biofuels, fertilizing and biotechnology to increase the yield of raw materials from forests, various incentives and regulations to increase the production of biofuels, the varying degrees of greenhouse-gas neutrality in biofuels, and how increased biofuel production squares with the preservation of biological diversity.

The book targets decision-makers, the general public, and students in upper-secondary school and up.

For more information about the book and its authors, please contact www.formas.se The book costs SEK 51 (c. EUR 6 or USD 6.70) and can be ordered at www.formas.se or in bookstores. For review copies, please contact lena.jansson@formas.se, phone: +46 (0)8-775 40 65

For more information, please contact: Birgitta Johansson, the Swedish Research Council Formas, birgitta.johansson@formas.se; Emilie von Essen, the Swedish Research Council Formas, eve@formas.se Reference link: www.formas.se

Emilie von Essen | idw
Further information:
http://www.formas.se
http://www.vr.se

Further reports about: Bioenergy­-For Biofuel Efficient Formas Fuel Production bioenergy

More articles from Life Sciences:

nachricht A novel socio-ecological approach helps identifying suitable wolf habitats
17.02.2017 | Universität Zürich

nachricht New, ultra-flexible probes form reliable, scar-free integration with the brain
16.02.2017 | University of Texas at Austin

All articles from Life Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Breakthrough with a chain of gold atoms

In the field of nanoscience, an international team of physicists with participants from Konstanz has achieved a breakthrough in understanding heat transport

In the field of nanoscience, an international team of physicists with participants from Konstanz has achieved a breakthrough in understanding heat transport

Im Focus: DNA repair: a new letter in the cell alphabet

Results reveal how discoveries may be hidden in scientific “blind spots”

Cells need to repair damaged DNA in our genes to prevent the development of cancer and other diseases. Our cells therefore activate and send “repair-proteins”...

Im Focus: Dresdner scientists print tomorrow’s world

The Fraunhofer IWS Dresden and Technische Universität Dresden inaugurated their jointly operated Center for Additive Manufacturing Dresden (AMCD) with a festive ceremony on February 7, 2017. Scientists from various disciplines perform research on materials, additive manufacturing processes and innovative technologies, which build up components in a layer by layer process. This technology opens up new horizons for component design and combinations of functions. For example during fabrication, electrical conductors and sensors are already able to be additively manufactured into components. They provide information about stress conditions of a product during operation.

The 3D-printing technology, or additive manufacturing as it is often called, has long made the step out of scientific research laboratories into industrial...

Im Focus: Mimicking nature's cellular architectures via 3-D printing

Research offers new level of control over the structure of 3-D printed materials

Nature does amazing things with limited design materials. Grass, for example, can support its own weight, resist strong wind loads, and recover after being...

Im Focus: Three Magnetic States for Each Hole

Nanometer-scale magnetic perforated grids could create new possibilities for computing. Together with international colleagues, scientists from the Helmholtz Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) have shown how a cobalt grid can be reliably programmed at room temperature. In addition they discovered that for every hole ("antidot") three magnetic states can be configured. The results have been published in the journal "Scientific Reports".

Physicist Dr. Rantej Bali from the HZDR, together with scientists from Singapore and Australia, designed a special grid structure in a thin layer of cobalt in...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Booth and panel discussion – The Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings at the AAAS 2017 Annual Meeting

13.02.2017 | Event News

Complex Loading versus Hidden Reserves

10.02.2017 | Event News

International Conference on Crystal Growth in Freiburg

09.02.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Switched-on DNA

20.02.2017 | Materials Sciences

Second cause of hidden hearing loss identified

20.02.2017 | Health and Medicine

Prospect for more effective treatment of nerve pain

20.02.2017 | Health and Medicine

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>