Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

MDC Researchers Prevent Virus Induced Myocarditis - First Studies in Mice

02.04.2009
Life-threatening cardiac arrhythmia can be a consequence of myocarditis - an inflammation of the cardiac muscle that can be caused by the Coxsackievirus.

In mice, Dr. Yu Shi, Chen Chen, and Professor Michael Gotthardt of the Max Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine (MDC) Berlin-Buch, Germany, have now abolished the infection by blocking the receptor which is required for virus entry.

"We did not detect a single cardiomyocyte that was infected by the virus. Inflammation of the heart muscle associated with this virus infection did not develop," Dr. Shi said. (Journal of American College of Cardiology, (J Am Coll Cardiol, 2009; 53:1219-1226, doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2008.10.064).*

The receptor used by the Coxsackievirus to infect the heart is the Coxsackie-adenovirus-receptor (CAR). It can be found in the cell membrane of myocardial fibers. Ulrike Lisewski, Dr. Shi, Michael Radke, and Prof. Gotthardt discovered only recently that CAR is necessary for a regular heart beat.

In their current study, the researchers could demonstrate that genetically engineered mice without CAR were protected from cardiac infection caused by the Coxsackievirus. Moreover, the mice did not show any evidence of inflammatory cardiomyopathy. That is why Professor Gotthardt assumes - contrary to previous hypotheses - that the direct effects of the virus infection, and not the autoimmune response, primarily determine the disease process.

This distinction is important in order to develop effective methods for future therapies of viral myocarditis. One therapeutic option could be to use CAR as a drug target and to block this receptor with a pharmacological agent.

"However," Dr. Shi explained, "complete blockage of CAR in mice leads to cardiac arrhythmia." Ultimately, the researchers aim to block the receptor transiently, so that only the virus entry is affected without a permanent effect on the heart beat.

*Cardiac deletion of the Coxsackievirus-adenovirusreceptor abolishes CVB3 infection and prevents myocarditis in vivo

Yu Shi, MD PhD*, Chen Chen, MSc*, Ulrike Lisewski, MSc*, Uta Wrackmeyer, MSc*, Michael Radke, PhD*, Dirk Westermann, MD?, Martina Sauter, DVM?, Carsten Tschöpe, MD?, Wolfgang Poller, MD?, Karin Klingel, MD?, and Michael Gotthardt, MD.*, §

*Neuromuscular and Cardiovascular Cell Biology, Max-Delbrück-Center for Molecular Medicine (MDC), 13122 Berlin-Buch, Germany,
?Department of Cardiology, Campus Benjamin Franklin, D-12200 Berlin, Germany,
?Department of Molecular Pathology, University Hospital Tübingen, D-72076 Tübingen, Germany,

§Department of Veterinary and Comparative Anatomy, Pharmacology, and Physiology, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, 99164 USA.

Barbara Bachtler
Press and Public Affairs
Max Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine (MDC) Berlin-Buch
Robert-Rössle-Straße 10; 13125 Berlin; Germany
Phone: +49 (0) 30 94 06 - 38 96
Fax: +49 (0) 30 94 06 - 38 33
e-mail: presse@mdc-berlin.de

Barbara Bachtler | idw
Further information:
http://www.mdc-berlin.de/

More articles from Life Sciences:

nachricht Cryo-electron microscopy achieves unprecedented resolution using new computational methods
24.03.2017 | DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

nachricht How cheetahs stay fit and healthy
24.03.2017 | Forschungsverbund Berlin e.V.

All articles from Life Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Giant Magnetic Fields in the Universe

Astronomers from Bonn and Tautenburg in Thuringia (Germany) used the 100-m radio telescope at Effelsberg to observe several galaxy clusters. At the edges of these large accumulations of dark matter, stellar systems (galaxies), hot gas, and charged particles, they found magnetic fields that are exceptionally ordered over distances of many million light years. This makes them the most extended magnetic fields in the universe known so far.

The results will be published on March 22 in the journal „Astronomy & Astrophysics“.

Galaxy clusters are the largest gravitationally bound structures in the universe. With a typical extent of about 10 million light years, i.e. 100 times the...

Im Focus: Tracing down linear ubiquitination

Researchers at the Goethe University Frankfurt, together with partners from the University of Tübingen in Germany and Queen Mary University as well as Francis Crick Institute from London (UK) have developed a novel technology to decipher the secret ubiquitin code.

Ubiquitin is a small protein that can be linked to other cellular proteins, thereby controlling and modulating their functions. The attachment occurs in many...

Im Focus: Perovskite edges can be tuned for optoelectronic performance

Layered 2D material improves efficiency for solar cells and LEDs

In the eternal search for next generation high-efficiency solar cells and LEDs, scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory and their partners are creating...

Im Focus: Polymer-coated silicon nanosheets as alternative to graphene: A perfect team for nanoelectronics

Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are less stable. Now researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have, for the first time ever, produced a composite material combining silicon nanosheets and a polymer that is both UV-resistant and easy to process. This brings the scientists a significant step closer to industrial applications like flexible displays and photosensors.

Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are...

Im Focus: Researchers Imitate Molecular Crowding in Cells

Enzymes behave differently in a test tube compared with the molecular scrum of a living cell. Chemists from the University of Basel have now been able to simulate these confined natural conditions in artificial vesicles for the first time. As reported in the academic journal Small, the results are offering better insight into the development of nanoreactors and artificial organelles.

Enzymes behave differently in a test tube compared with the molecular scrum of a living cell. Chemists from the University of Basel have now been able to...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

International Land Use Symposium ILUS 2017: Call for Abstracts and Registration open

20.03.2017 | Event News

CONNECT 2017: International congress on connective tissue

14.03.2017 | Event News

ICTM Conference: Turbine Construction between Big Data and Additive Manufacturing

07.03.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Argon is not the 'dope' for metallic hydrogen

24.03.2017 | Materials Sciences

Astronomers find unexpected, dust-obscured star formation in distant galaxy

24.03.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

Gravitational wave kicks monster black hole out of galactic core

24.03.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>