Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Male bushcrickets are in charge when it comes to sex

14.12.2012
Biologists at Bielefeld University publish research findings in specialist journal

Caught in the act: The spermatophores of male bushcrickets can attain up to 40 per cent of their bodyweight. The actual sperm transfer comes later – the Bielefeld researchers’ findings suggest that when that happens is something the male determines. Klaus Reinhold

All a question of timing: When bushcrickets mate, the male attaches a sticky package, the so-called spermatophore, to the female’s abdomen. Alongside the sperm themselves, this ‘bridal present’ consists of a protein-rich mass that the female eats after mating.

It then takes several hours for the sperm to find their way into the female’s reproductive tract. But, who decides when that will happen? A study by the Bielefeld biologists Professor Dr. Klaus Reinhold and Dr. Steven Ramm suggests that it is the male who determines the dynamics of this process even when he has long ‘hopped off’ somewhere else. They published their results at the beginning of December in the online first version of the journal Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology.

In contrast to direct sperm transfer, the use of a spermatophore could grant the female more influence over the fertilization or non-fertilization of her eggs. However, the results of the Bielefeld study cast doubt on this assumption. They suggest a high degree of male control over this decisive stage in reproduction. For their study, Professor Dr. Klaus Reinhold and Dr. Steven Ramm from Bielefeld University paired males and females from two subspecies of the bushcricket Poecilimon veluchianus in whom the time between pairing and sperm transfer differ. Whereas in the subspecies Poecilimon veluchianus minor, sperm are transferred within the first three hours, the transfer in Poecilimon veluchianus veluchianus starts only after four hours. If the two subspecies are interbred – the researchers thought – then the number of transferred sperm after three hours would indicate whether it is the male or the female who determines how long this transfer takes.

The researchers mated nine to twelve pairs in each of the four possible combinations of Poecilimon veluchianus minor and Poecilimon veluchianus veluchianus. Three hours after mating, they examined how many sperm they could find in the female’s reproductive tract. The result: the sperm from the males of the ‘faster’ subspecies Poecilimon veluchianus minor could be found in the females of both subspecies. In contrast, the males in the ‘slower’ sub-species Poecilimon veluchianus veluchianus had transferred almost no sperm at all to either type of female.

The researchers conclude from this experiment that the males control the speed of transfer over the sperm package. However, this does not automatically lead to the conclusion that the female is powerless. Females can also influence whether sperms are transferred by how quickly they eat the spermatophore. In addition, the larger the male, the larger the size of the sperm package, and this influences how long the females need to consume the protein. As a result, the sperm have more time to transfer to the female – and the female’s eggs have a greater chance of being fertilized by a ‘high-quality’ male. Professor Reinhold stresses, ‘Our findings show that the females do not determine the transfer – not that they could not do so.’

For further information in the Internet, go to:
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00265-012-1459-4 (article)
Contact:
Prof. Dr. Klaus Reinhold, Bielefeld University
Faculty of Biology/Evolutionary Biology
Telephone: +49 521 106-2721
Email: klaus.reinhold@uni-bielefeld.de

Ingo Lohuis | idw
Further information:
http://www.uni-bielefeld.de
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00265-012-1459-4

Further reports about: Poecilimon bridal present bushcrickets protein-rich mass sperm package

More articles from Life Sciences:

nachricht Size and Age of Plants Impact Their Productivity More Than Climate, UA Study Shows
24.07.2014 | University of Arizona

nachricht Diseases of Another Kind
24.07.2014 | University of California - Santa Barbara

All articles from Life Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

9th European Wood-Based Panel Symposium 2014 – meeting point for the wood-based material branch

24.07.2014 | Event News

“Lens on Life” - Artists and Scientists Explore Cell Divison

08.07.2014 | Event News

First International Conference on Consumer Research | ICCR 2014: Early bird deadline July 31, 2014

08.07.2014 | Event News

 
Latest News

Modular system for many materials

24.07.2014 | Materials Sciences

Software Provides a Clear Overview in Long Documents

24.07.2014 | Information Technology

9th European Wood-Based Panel Symposium 2014 – meeting point for the wood-based material branch

24.07.2014 | Event News

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>