Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Listening to Ancient Colours

06.09.2010
New technique may help restorers identify decades-old pigments

A team of McGill chemists have discovered that a technique known as photoacoustic infrared spectroscopy could be used to identify the composition of pigments used in art work that is decades or even centuries old. Pigments give artist’s materials colour, and they emit sounds when light is shone on them.

“The chemical composition of pigments is important to know, because it enables museums and restorers to know how the paints will react to sunlight and temperature changes,” explained Dr. Ian Butler, lead researcher and professor at McGill’s Department of Chemistry. Without a full understanding of the chemicals involved in artworks, preservation attempts can sometimes lead to more damage than would occur by just simply leaving the works untreated.

Photoacoustic infrared spectroscopy is based on Alexander Graham Bell’s 1880 discovery that showed solids could emit sounds when exposed to sunlight, infrared radiation or ultraviolet radiation. Advances in mathematics and computers have enabled chemists to apply the phenomenon to various materials, but the Butler’s team is the first to use it to analyze typical inorganic pigments that most artists use.

The researchers have classified 12 historically prominent pigments by the infrared spectra they exhibit – i.e., the range of noises they produce – and they hope the technique will be used to establish a pigment database. “Once such a database has been established, the technique may become routine in the arsenal of art forensic laboratories,” Butler said. The next steps will be to identify partners interested in developing standard practices that would enable this technique to be used with artwork.

The research received funding from the National Science and Engineering Research Council of Canada and was published in the journal Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy.

For more information: http://bit.ly/dl0ixZ

Contact:
William Raillant-Clark
Media Relations
McGill University
514-398-2189
william.raillant-clark@mcgill.ca
POUR PUBLICATION IMMÉDIATE
Montréal, le 2 septembre 2010
À l’écoute des couleurs d’autrefois
Une nouvelle technique pourrait aider les restaurateurs
à identifier des pigments datant de nombreuses décennies
Une équipe de chimistes de l’Université McGill a découvert qu’une technique connue sous le nom de spectroscopie photoacoustique infrarouge pouvait servir à déterminer la composition de pigments utilisés il y a des dizaines voire des centaines d’années dans la conception d’œuvres d’art. De fait, les pigments, qui donnent de la couleur aux toiles d’un artiste, émettent des sons lorsqu’ils sont illuminés.

« Connaître la composition chimique des pigments permet aux conservateurs et aux restaurateurs de musées de prévoir la réaction d’une peinture à la lumière du soleil et aux changements de température », explique Ian Butler, chercheur principal et professeur au Département de chimie de l’Université McGill. Lorsqu’on ignore la composition chimique des peintures utilisées dans une toile, les tentatives pour préserver celle-ci peuvent parfois causer plus de dommages qu’il n’en surviendrait avec le temps si aucune intervention n’était pratiquée.

La spectroscopie photoacoustique infrarouge tire son origine d’une découverte faite par Alexandre Graham Bell au cours des années 1880. Selon Bell, les solides émettent des sons lorsqu’ils sont exposés à la lumière du soleil ainsi qu’aux rayons infrarouges et ultraviolets. Au fil du temps, les progrès réalisés en mathématique et en informatique ont permis aux chimistes d’appliquer le principe à divers matériaux, mais l’équipe de monsieur Butler l’a exploité pour la première fois dans le but d’analyser les pigments inorganiques généralement utilisés par la plupart des artistes.

Les chercheurs ont réussi à répertorier le spectre infrarouge, c’est-à-dire le son produit, de 12 pigments auxquels les artistes avaient autrefois largement recours. Ils espèrent que cette technique servira à mettre sur pied une base de pigments. « Une fois cette base établie, la technique pourrait devenir une arme standard de l’arsenal à la disposition des laboratoires judiciaires – section des crimes visant les œuvres d’art », ajoute le professeur Butler. La prochaine étape consistera à recruter des partenaires désireux de participer à la mise au point de processus normalisés permettant d’utiliser couramment la technique sur les œuvres d’art.

Le projet de recherche a été financé par le Conseil de recherches et de sciences en génie du Canada. Le compte rendu des travaux a été publié dans la revue scientifique Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy.

Cliquer ici pour en savoir plus. http://bit.ly/dl0ixZ

Personne-ressource
William Raillant-Clark
Relations avec les médias
Université McGill
514 398 2189
william.raillant-clark@mcgill.ca

William Raillant-Clark | Newswise Science News
Further information:
http://www.mcgill.ca

More articles from Life Sciences:

nachricht Molecular Force Sensors
20.09.2017 | Max-Planck-Institut für Biochemie

nachricht Foster tadpoles trigger parental instinct in poison frogs
20.09.2017 | Veterinärmedizinische Universität Wien

All articles from Life Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Tiny lasers from a gallery of whispers

New technique promises tunable laser devices

Whispering gallery mode (WGM) resonators are used to make tiny micro-lasers, sensors, switches, routers and other devices. These tiny structures rely on a...

Im Focus: Ultrafast snapshots of relaxing electrons in solids

Using ultrafast flashes of laser and x-ray radiation, scientists at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (Garching, Germany) took snapshots of the briefest electron motion inside a solid material to date. The electron motion lasted only 750 billionths of the billionth of a second before it fainted, setting a new record of human capability to capture ultrafast processes inside solids!

When x-rays shine onto solid materials or large molecules, an electron is pushed away from its original place near the nucleus of the atom, leaving a hole...

Im Focus: Quantum Sensors Decipher Magnetic Ordering in a New Semiconducting Material

For the first time, physicists have successfully imaged spiral magnetic ordering in a multiferroic material. These materials are considered highly promising candidates for future data storage media. The researchers were able to prove their findings using unique quantum sensors that were developed at Basel University and that can analyze electromagnetic fields on the nanometer scale. The results – obtained by scientists from the University of Basel’s Department of Physics, the Swiss Nanoscience Institute, the University of Montpellier and several laboratories from University Paris-Saclay – were recently published in the journal Nature.

Multiferroics are materials that simultaneously react to electric and magnetic fields. These two properties are rarely found together, and their combined...

Im Focus: Fast, convenient & standardized: New lab innovation for automated tissue engineering & drug

MBM ScienceBridge GmbH successfully negotiated a license agreement between University Medical Center Göttingen (UMG) and the biotech company Tissue Systems Holding GmbH about commercial use of a multi-well tissue plate for automated and reliable tissue engineering & drug testing.

MBM ScienceBridge GmbH successfully negotiated a license agreement between University Medical Center Göttingen (UMG) and the biotech company Tissue Systems...

Im Focus: Silencing bacteria

HZI researchers pave the way for new agents that render hospital pathogens mute

Pathogenic bacteria are becoming resistant to common antibiotics to an ever increasing degree. One of the most difficult germs is Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

“Lasers in Composites Symposium” in Aachen – from Science to Application

19.09.2017 | Event News

I-ESA 2018 – Call for Papers

12.09.2017 | Event News

EMBO at Basel Life, a new conference on current and emerging life science research

06.09.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Molecular Force Sensors

20.09.2017 | Life Sciences

Producing electricity during flight

20.09.2017 | Power and Electrical Engineering

Tiny lasers from a gallery of whispers

20.09.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>