Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

First French bulldog with sex reversal identified in Spain

24.03.2011
Tana, a female French bulldog, was brought to a veterinary centre for her first vaccination. Specialists there were alerted by the size of her clitoris, which was "larger than normal", and they started to carry out tests. These revealed the first ever genetic alteration ever detected in the reproductive system of this breed – the female puppy had cryptorchid testicles (outside the scrotum).

Genetic alteration of the reproductive system or sexual reversal "has been described in many species, such as goats, pigs, horses and even human beings", Marcos Campos, lead author of the study and also a researcher at the CEU-Cardenal Herrera University and director of the Reprovalcan assisted reproduction centre for small animals, tells SINC.

The puppy Tana, which was three months old when brought for her first consultation, presented symptoms compatible with having a genetic alteration of the reproductive system – she had a large clitoris. "She was a chromosomally XX female but with masculine gonads (cryptorchid testicles) due to the presence of other genes that determined the formation of testicles in the absence of the genes present on the Y chromosome", explains Campos.

This alteration, which has also been described in another 18 breeds of dog around the world, is "uncommon but it can occur". Sex reversal causes sterility and, over the long term, may predispose the animal to pathologies such as infections or tumours of the gonads, "since this is not a normal genital", the veterinarian explains.

The study, which has been published in Reproduction in Domestic Animals, showed that the urethra ended in the bladder, and the clitoris, which was 0.8 centimetres long, contained a penis bone, which predisposed it to urinary infections that would likely cause the dog to be infertile.

Canine hermaphroditism with a happy ending

The puppy, which is the first documented case anywhere in the world of a French bulldog with this alteration, had a low level of masculinisation, since despite the size of the clitoris, the vulva was normal.

To prevent Tana from suffering any medical complications, the best option was felt to be surgical sterilisation, during which her genitals were completely removed and later sent to a histopathology laboratory. "The puppy is now in perfect health", says Campos.

The veterinarians suggest that the parents of hermaphrodite puppies should be withdrawn from breeding programmes, because "it is likely that at least half of their litters will be carriers". The siblings of affected puppies should not be allowed to breed either until the mutant genes have been identified, which would make it possible to eliminate the carriers.

However, there are still no data available about the affected dogs belonging to this particular breed, which would enable the heredity model to be identified. Genetic modelling from other breeds shows that this is a autosomal recessive alteration (the animal only needs to receive the abnormal gene from one of its parents in order to inherit the sex reversal).

References:

Campos, M.; Moreno-Manzano, V.; García-Roselló, M.; García-Roselló, E. "SRY-Negative XX Sex Reversal in a French Bulldog" Reproduction in Domestic Animals 46(1): 185-188, February 2011

SINC | EurekAlert!
Further information:
http://www.plataformasinc.es

More articles from Life Sciences:

nachricht Antimicrobial substances identified in Komodo dragon blood
23.02.2017 | American Chemical Society

nachricht New Mechanisms of Gene Inactivation may prevent Aging and Cancer
23.02.2017 | Leibniz-Institut für Alternsforschung - Fritz-Lipmann-Institut e.V. (FLI)

All articles from Life Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Breakthrough with a chain of gold atoms

In the field of nanoscience, an international team of physicists with participants from Konstanz has achieved a breakthrough in understanding heat transport

In the field of nanoscience, an international team of physicists with participants from Konstanz has achieved a breakthrough in understanding heat transport

Im Focus: DNA repair: a new letter in the cell alphabet

Results reveal how discoveries may be hidden in scientific “blind spots”

Cells need to repair damaged DNA in our genes to prevent the development of cancer and other diseases. Our cells therefore activate and send “repair-proteins”...

Im Focus: Dresdner scientists print tomorrow’s world

The Fraunhofer IWS Dresden and Technische Universität Dresden inaugurated their jointly operated Center for Additive Manufacturing Dresden (AMCD) with a festive ceremony on February 7, 2017. Scientists from various disciplines perform research on materials, additive manufacturing processes and innovative technologies, which build up components in a layer by layer process. This technology opens up new horizons for component design and combinations of functions. For example during fabrication, electrical conductors and sensors are already able to be additively manufactured into components. They provide information about stress conditions of a product during operation.

The 3D-printing technology, or additive manufacturing as it is often called, has long made the step out of scientific research laboratories into industrial...

Im Focus: Mimicking nature's cellular architectures via 3-D printing

Research offers new level of control over the structure of 3-D printed materials

Nature does amazing things with limited design materials. Grass, for example, can support its own weight, resist strong wind loads, and recover after being...

Im Focus: Three Magnetic States for Each Hole

Nanometer-scale magnetic perforated grids could create new possibilities for computing. Together with international colleagues, scientists from the Helmholtz Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) have shown how a cobalt grid can be reliably programmed at room temperature. In addition they discovered that for every hole ("antidot") three magnetic states can be configured. The results have been published in the journal "Scientific Reports".

Physicist Dr. Rantej Bali from the HZDR, together with scientists from Singapore and Australia, designed a special grid structure in a thin layer of cobalt in...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Booth and panel discussion – The Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings at the AAAS 2017 Annual Meeting

13.02.2017 | Event News

Complex Loading versus Hidden Reserves

10.02.2017 | Event News

International Conference on Crystal Growth in Freiburg

09.02.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

From rocks in Colorado, evidence of a 'chaotic solar system'

23.02.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

'Quartz' crystals at the Earth's core power its magnetic field

23.02.2017 | Earth Sciences

Antimicrobial substances identified in Komodo dragon blood

23.02.2017 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>