Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

New Cardiac Marker Copeptin accelerates Diagnosis of Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI)

02.07.2009
The novel biomarker Copeptin can improve patient management in the Emergency Department (ED). The study "Incremental Value of Copeptin for Rapid Rule Out of Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI)" was recently published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology (JACC).

One of the major challenges in emergency medicine is the early diagnosis of Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) in patients presenting with chest pain or other symptoms suggestive of this disease. Until now Troponin is the most effective biomarker. According to study data, the combination of Troponin and Copeptin, a novel cardiac biomarker from BRAHMS Aktiengesellschaft, allows a rapid and reliable rule out of AMI right at the initial blood draw when the patient presents to the Emergency Department (ED).

Approximately 15 million patients present to the Emergency Department (ED) with symptoms suggestive of Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) every year. The vast majority (70 to 80%) of them finally prove not to have AMI. However, due to a delayed increase of circulating levels of Troponin it takes up to six hours before it can be measured. Therefore serial blood sampling is recommended by the European Guidelines. Study results indicate that by testing for both markers, along with an Electrocardiogram (ECG) and the clinical findings, approximately two-thirds of the patients would not need to wait those six hours in the ED for the second Troponin test. This may obviate the need for prolonged monitoring and serial blood sampling in the majority of patients.

"In the very situation of a patient presenting to the Emergency Department (ED) with symptoms suggestive of Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) the clinician quickly needs to know whether the person is in real danger or not. Ruling out AMI in this setting is an urgent and unmet need. The use of Copeptin together with Troponin can accelerate the rule out of AMI and thus improves patient management in the ED immensely. Two thirds of these patients may be ruled out with the first blood draw and most of them probably could leave the ED very soon," explained Dr. Tobias Reichlin from the Department of Internal Medicine at the University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland. While the concentration of Troponin rises four to six hours after the event of an AMI, concentrations of the new Copeptin biomarker are highest right after the onset of symptoms and then begin to drop. This difference makes the use of the combination of the two extremely promising.

The study was conducted in the University Hospital of Basel, Switzerland. In 487 consecutive patients presenting to the Emergency Department (ED) with symptoms suggestive of Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI), the research team measured levels of copeptin at presentation, using a novel sandwich immunoluminetric assay in a blinded fashion. The final diagnosis was adjudicated by two independent cardiologists using all available data.

The adjudicated final diagnosis was Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) in 81 patients (17%). Copeptin levels were significantly higher in AMI patients compared with those in patients having other diagnoses (median 20,8 pmol/l vs. 6,0 pmol/l, p

Copeptin, the C-terminal part of the vasopressin prohormone, is a marker of acute endogenous stress. Arginine vasopressin (AVP) is a key hormone in the human body. Despite the clinical relevance of AVP in maintaining fluid balance and vascular tone, measurement of mature AVP is difficult and subject to preanalytical errors. Recently, Copeptin, a 39-amino acid glycopeptide that comprises the C-terminal part of the AVP precursor (CT-proAVP), was found to be a stable and sensitive surrogate marker for AVP release, analogous to C-peptide for insulin. Copeptin measurement has been shown to be useful in various clinical indications, including the diagnosis of diabetes insipidus and the monitoring of sepsis and cardiovascular diseases.

Copeptin is scheduled for fall introduction on the European market and joins a series of excellent BRAHMS biomarkers for cardiovascular diseases. The study results were already presented in a Late Breaking Clinical Trial Session at the ACC-Meeting in March. It marks the third time in just a few months that BRAHMS, with a new cardiac marker, succeeded in joining a Late Breaking Clinical Trial Session at a major cardiology congress.

The BRAHMS Aktiengesellschaft conducts researches, develops, produces and markets innovative diagnostic biomarkers. It is one of the three largest biotechnology companies in Germany. The company sells its products in more than 65 countries via its own subsidiary companies and sales organizations as well as laboratory systems from its own production and globally operating licensees. The headquarter of BRAHMS is at Hennigsdorf / Berlin, where about 220 out of 400 of the world wide employees of the company are posted.

Contact:
BRAHMS Aktiengesellschaft
Ingo Buchholzer
Public Relations Manager
Phone: +49 3302 883-637
Fax: +49 3302 883-635
Mobile: +49 172 323 4087
E-mail: i.buchholzer@brahms.de

Ingo Buchholzer | idw
Further information:
http://www.brahms.de

More articles from Life Sciences:

nachricht A Map of the Cell’s Power Station
18.08.2017 | Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg im Breisgau

nachricht On the way to developing a new active ingredient against chronic infections
18.08.2017 | Deutsches Zentrum für Infektionsforschung

All articles from Life Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Fizzy soda water could be key to clean manufacture of flat wonder material: Graphene

Whether you call it effervescent, fizzy, or sparkling, carbonated water is making a comeback as a beverage. Aside from quenching thirst, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have discovered a new use for these "bubbly" concoctions that will have major impact on the manufacturer of the world's thinnest, flattest, and one most useful materials -- graphene.

As graphene's popularity grows as an advanced "wonder" material, the speed and quality at which it can be manufactured will be paramount. With that in mind,...

Im Focus: Exotic quantum states made from light: Physicists create optical “wells” for a super-photon

Physicists at the University of Bonn have managed to create optical hollows and more complex patterns into which the light of a Bose-Einstein condensate flows. The creation of such highly low-loss structures for light is a prerequisite for complex light circuits, such as for quantum information processing for a new generation of computers. The researchers are now presenting their results in the journal Nature Photonics.

Light particles (photons) occur as tiny, indivisible portions. Many thousands of these light portions can be merged to form a single super-photon if they are...

Im Focus: Circular RNA linked to brain function

For the first time, scientists have shown that circular RNA is linked to brain function. When a RNA molecule called Cdr1as was deleted from the genome of mice, the animals had problems filtering out unnecessary information – like patients suffering from neuropsychiatric disorders.

While hundreds of circular RNAs (circRNAs) are abundant in mammalian brains, one big question has remained unanswered: What are they actually good for? In the...

Im Focus: RAVAN CubeSat measures Earth's outgoing energy

An experimental small satellite has successfully collected and delivered data on a key measurement for predicting changes in Earth's climate.

The Radiometer Assessment using Vertically Aligned Nanotubes (RAVAN) CubeSat was launched into low-Earth orbit on Nov. 11, 2016, in order to test new...

Im Focus: Scientists shine new light on the “other high temperature superconductor”

A study led by scientists of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science in Hamburg presents evidence of the coexistence of superconductivity and “charge-density-waves” in compounds of the poorly-studied family of bismuthates. This observation opens up new perspectives for a deeper understanding of the phenomenon of high-temperature superconductivity, a topic which is at the core of condensed matter research since more than 30 years. The paper by Nicoletti et al has been published in the PNAS.

Since the beginning of the 20th century, superconductivity had been observed in some metals at temperatures only a few degrees above the absolute zero (minus...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Call for Papers – ICNFT 2018, 5th International Conference on New Forming Technology

16.08.2017 | Event News

Sustainability is the business model of tomorrow

04.08.2017 | Event News

Clash of Realities 2017: Registration now open. International Conference at TH Köln

26.07.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

A Map of the Cell’s Power Station

18.08.2017 | Life Sciences

Engineering team images tiny quasicrystals as they form

18.08.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

Researchers printed graphene-like materials with inkjet

18.08.2017 | Materials Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>