Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

A New Transporter Gene that Regulates Plant Transpiration

12.09.2011
A study in transport genes leads to better understandings in drought tolerance

When plants feel stress from a lack of water, they close their epidermal pores, or stomata, to prevent water loss via transpiration. Each stoma is flanked by a pair of guard cells, which change shape to close or open stomata through the exchange of various biological materials.

Guard cells therefore play an important role in water evaporation by responding to environmental conditions and stress. However, the mechanisms that control the opening and closing of stomata are not fully understood.

PSC’s Gene Discovery Research Group has identified a new transporter gene that is expressed in guard cells and controls the opening and closing of stomata. The group found that when this gene is deficient, guard cells have difficulty closing, which results in greater transpiration. Using thermal imaging to observe transpiration in Arabidopsis thaliana, researchers observed that transpiration increased in mutants with the AtABCG22 gene, which belongs to the ABC family of transporter genes. The stomata in this mutant open easily, leading to increased transpiration.

When water was withheld, the mutant wilted before its wild-type counterpart. AtABCG22 is expressed in above-ground leaves and especially in stomatal guard cells. When AtABCG22 protein was inserted into onion cells and plant cultured cells, the protein localized in cell membranes, indicating that AtABCG22 is involved in transporting biological materials into or out of guard cells.

If the mechanisms regulating opening and closing of stomata can be clarified, it should provide new insights that can be use to improve crop yields and adapt breeds for arid conditions.

Contacts
Plant Science Center, RIKEN
Dr. Kazuo Shinozaki (Group Director):
TEL 045-503-9579, FAX 045-503-9580
Dr. Takashi Kuromori (Senior Researcher):
TEL 045-503-9442, FAX 045-503-9489

gro-pr | Research asia research news
Further information:
http://www.riken.jp
http://www.researchsea.com

More articles from Life Sciences:

nachricht Cancer diagnosis: no more needles?
25.05.2018 | Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel

nachricht Less is more? Gene switch for healthy aging found
25.05.2018 | Leibniz-Institut für Alternsforschung - Fritz-Lipmann-Institut e.V. (FLI)

All articles from Life Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Powerful IT security for the car of the future – research alliance develops new approaches

The more electronics steer, accelerate and brake cars, the more important it is to protect them against cyber-attacks. That is why 15 partners from industry and academia will work together over the next three years on new approaches to IT security in self-driving cars. The joint project goes by the name Security For Connected, Autonomous Cars (SecForCARs) and has funding of €7.2 million from the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research. Infineon is leading the project.

Vehicles already offer diverse communication interfaces and more and more automated functions, such as distance and lane-keeping assist systems. At the same...

Im Focus: Molecular switch will facilitate the development of pioneering electro-optical devices

A research team led by physicists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has developed molecular nanoswitches that can be toggled between two structurally different states using an applied voltage. They can serve as the basis for a pioneering class of devices that could replace silicon-based components with organic molecules.

The development of new electronic technologies drives the incessant reduction of functional component sizes. In the context of an international collaborative...

Im Focus: LZH showcases laser material processing of tomorrow at the LASYS 2018

At the LASYS 2018, from June 5th to 7th, the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) will be showcasing processes for the laser material processing of tomorrow in hall 4 at stand 4E75. With blown bomb shells the LZH will present first results of a research project on civil security.

At this year's LASYS, the LZH will exhibit light-based processes such as cutting, welding, ablation and structuring as well as additive manufacturing for...

Im Focus: Self-illuminating pixels for a new display generation

There are videos on the internet that can make one marvel at technology. For example, a smartphone is casually bent around the arm or a thin-film display is rolled in all directions and with almost every diameter. From the user's point of view, this looks fantastic. From a professional point of view, however, the question arises: Is that already possible?

At Display Week 2018, scientists from the Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Polymer Research IAP will be demonstrating today’s technological possibilities and...

Im Focus: Explanation for puzzling quantum oscillations has been found

So-called quantum many-body scars allow quantum systems to stay out of equilibrium much longer, explaining experiment | Study published in Nature Physics

Recently, researchers from Harvard and MIT succeeded in trapping a record 53 atoms and individually controlling their quantum state, realizing what is called a...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

In focus: Climate adapted plants

25.05.2018 | Event News

Save the date: Forum European Neuroscience – 07-11 July 2018 in Berlin, Germany

02.05.2018 | Event News

Invitation to the upcoming "Current Topics in Bioinformatics: Big Data in Genomics and Medicine"

13.04.2018 | Event News

 
Latest News

In focus: Climate adapted plants

25.05.2018 | Event News

Flow probes from the 3D printer

25.05.2018 | Machine Engineering

Less is more? Gene switch for healthy aging found

25.05.2018 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>