The SNSF is launching the National Research Programme “Big Data”, which aims to develop novel methods of information analysis, to create specific applications and to suggest solutions to the ethical and legal challenges posed by big data.
Several billion gigabytes of data are created each day. This mass of information offers new opportunities, but also raises many questions for society.
Launched by the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF), the National Research Programme “Big Data” (NRP 75) aims to develop Switzerland’s competences in the field of big data and will focus equally on scientific and technical aspects and governance issues. Research work on the 36 projects comprised within NRP 75 will continue until 2021.
Solutions to the challenges of big data
“It is crucial that both politicians and the judiciary are able to adapt laws and regulations quickly in order to facilitate effective use of Big Data and avoid negative effects,” explains Christian S. Jensen, president of the NRP 75 Steering Committee. “Switzerland is very well positioned to carry out research into big data, since it has a highly educated population and remarkable infrastructures. NRP 75 wants to reinforce these capacities and develop specific applications that will be useful to the private and public sectors”.
The new research programme will focus on three topics. First, information technologies must develop new data analysis tools. In the second module, sociologists, ethicists and lawyers will address the societal and legal challenges raised by big data. Finally, researchers will work with industry and the public sector to develop specific applications.
NRP 75 has a budget of 25 million francs. At the beginning of November 2016, the SNSF approved 36 research projects out of the 172 proposals received. Research work will commence at 15 higher education institutions throughout Switzerland in 2017. The first results will be published by 2019. The synthesis of the programme will follow around the end of 2022.
The three axes of NRP 75:
Basic research remains crucial in the field of big data, and in the long term will provide a sound basis for the development of new applications. In particular, projects will develop novel data analysis methods and solutions to the problems confronting big data infrastructures such as database and computer centres.
Societal and legal challenges
Digitalisation is generating new analysis and forecasting options in a large number of fields such as trade, marketing, transport or human resources. The data produced raise fundamental issues of personal privacy that require sociological, ethical and legal analysis.
The researchers working in NRP 75 will develop specific applications for transport, health, disaster prevention, energy and basis research.
Head of Knowledge Transfer NRP 75
Swiss Academy of Engineering Sciences SATW
Phone: +41 44 226 50 18
Christian S. Jensen
President of the NRP 75 Steering Committee
Department of Computer Science
National Research Programmes
Under a Swiss government mandate, the SNSF conducts National Research Programmes (NRPs) designed to produce scientifically founded contributions to the resolution of problems of national significance. NRP teams work together with stakeholders across different disciplines and publish their final recommendations in synthesis reports.
http://www.snf.ch/en/researchinFocus/newsroom/Pages/news-170221-press-releases-3... 'media release'
http://www.nrp75.ch/en/News/Pages/151209_news_nfp75_jensen.aspx 'Interview with Christian S. Jensen, president of the NRP 75 Steering Committee'
http://www.nfp75.ch/en/projects 'The NRP 75 projects'
http://www.snf.ch/en/researchinFocus/nrp/Pages/default.aspx#Current%20NRP 'List of current NRPs'
Media - Abteilung Kommunikation | Schweizerischer Nationalfonds SNF
Novel Nano-CT device creates high-resolution 3D-X-rays of tiny velvet worm legs
07.11.2017 | Technische Universität München
NRL clarifies valley polarization for electronic and optoelectronic technologies
20.10.2017 | Naval Research Laboratory
The formation of stars in distant galaxies is still largely unexplored. For the first time, astron-omers at the University of Geneva have now been able to closely observe a star system six billion light-years away. In doing so, they are confirming earlier simulations made by the University of Zurich. One special effect is made possible by the multiple reflections of images that run through the cosmos like a snake.
Today, astronomers have a pretty accurate idea of how stars were formed in the recent cosmic past. But do these laws also apply to older galaxies? For around a...
Just because someone is smart and well-motivated doesn't mean he or she can learn the visual skills needed to excel at tasks like matching fingerprints, interpreting medical X-rays, keeping track of aircraft on radar displays or forensic face matching.
That is the implication of a new study which shows for the first time that there is a broad range of differences in people's visual ability and that these...
Computer Tomography (CT) is a standard procedure in hospitals, but so far, the technology has not been suitable for imaging extremely small objects. In PNAS, a team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) describes a Nano-CT device that creates three-dimensional x-ray images at resolutions up to 100 nanometers. The first test application: Together with colleagues from the University of Kassel and Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht the researchers analyzed the locomotory system of a velvet worm.
During a CT analysis, the object under investigation is x-rayed and a detector measures the respective amount of radiation absorbed from various angles....
The quantum world is fragile; error correction codes are needed to protect the information stored in a quantum object from the deteriorating effects of noise. Quantum physicists in Innsbruck have developed a protocol to pass quantum information between differently encoded building blocks of a future quantum computer, such as processors and memories. Scientists may use this protocol in the future to build a data bus for quantum computers. The researchers have published their work in the journal Nature Communications.
Future quantum computers will be able to solve problems where conventional computers fail today. We are still far away from any large-scale implementation,...
Pillared graphene would transfer heat better if the theoretical material had a few asymmetric junctions that caused wrinkles, according to Rice University...
15.11.2017 | Event News
15.11.2017 | Event News
30.10.2017 | Event News
17.11.2017 | Physics and Astronomy
17.11.2017 | Health and Medicine
17.11.2017 | Studies and Analyses