Driven by the needs and requirements of the research community, EGI will constitute a key element of the European Research Area. A dedicated study, the EGI Design Study, supported by the EU’s 7th Framework Program, has just been launched to establish the conceptual setup for a sustainable grid infrastructure in Europe. The project extends from September 2007 to December 2009, after receiving a formal approval from the European Commission.
Grid computing makes access to widely distributed computing resources as easy as those on the user’s own desktop. A grid infrastructure makes networking, computing and data resources available to users regardless of their geographical location. It improves the efficiency of scientific and industrial research as well as other digital services such as digital libraries.
A high-quality research network is an essential part of the technological infrastructure for global scientific cooperation and advancement in many fields. It is urgent to ensure that reliable and adaptive grid infrastructures are continuously maintained, independent of project funding cycles.
Europe has invested heavily in e-science programmes over the past years both at the National and the European levels with impressive results. Grid technology is recognized as a fundamental component for e-infrastructures. Supported by the European Commission, Europe has established itself as the world leader in the field. To this day 36 European countries have expressed their support for the European Grid Initiative Design Study.
Many countries have launched or are in the process of launching National Grid Initiatives (NGI) to establish national grid infrastructures for providing a common e-Science Infrastructure in support of all sciences. These NGIs provide a single point of contact, reducing the management and organizational overhead of international cooperation. While national infrastructures are fundamental in providing local connectivity and resources to researchers, they need to be linked seamlessly at a world-wide level to enable global scientific collaboration.
These national bodies need therefore to be complemented by a second structure, the future EGI organization, to coordinate issues on a European scale, including operations management, policy, standards and middleware testing. Centralisation of these services will help to bind the different European Grids into a seamless whole, providing truly virtualised services from the user’s point of view. Complementing the operations coordination, a central hub would also provide testing, certification, and validation services for the infrastructure. EGI will collaborate closely with industry as technology and service providers, as well as grid users, to promote the rapid and successful uptake of grid technology by European industry. The EGI Design Study will work out the various issues, and propose solutions to address all these points and achieve a realistic design of the EGI that will satisfy the following vision.
The guidelines of the EGI Design Study: VISION AND OBJECTIVES OF EGI:
To ensure that Europe capitalises fully on its large investment in grid infrastructures, middleware development and applications, the objectives of the future EGI are:• Ensure the long-term sustainability of the European e-infrastructure
The first EGI Design Study workshop will be held on Tuesday, 2. October 2007 in Budapest, during the EGEE´07 conference.
National Grid Initiatives:Austria (GUP, Austrian Grid Initiative)
Stable magnetic bit of three atoms
21.09.2017 | Sonderforschungsbereich 668
Drones can almost see in the dark
20.09.2017 | Universität Zürich
At the productronica trade fair in Munich this November, the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT will be presenting Laser-Based Tape-Automated Bonding, LaserTAB for short. The experts from Aachen will be demonstrating how new battery cells and power electronics can be micro-welded more efficiently and precisely than ever before thanks to new optics and robot support.
Fraunhofer ILT from Aachen relies on a clever combination of robotics and a laser scanner with new optics as well as process monitoring, which it has developed...
Plants and algae use the enzyme Rubisco to fix carbon dioxide, removing it from the atmosphere and converting it into biomass. Algae have figured out a way to increase the efficiency of carbon fixation. They gather most of their Rubisco into a ball-shaped microcompartment called the pyrenoid, which they flood with a high local concentration of carbon dioxide. A team of scientists at Princeton University, the Carnegie Institution for Science, Stanford University and the Max Plank Institute of Biochemistry have unravelled the mysteries of how the pyrenoid is assembled. These insights can help to engineer crops that remove more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere while producing more food.
A warming planet
Our brains house extremely complex neuronal circuits, whose detailed structures are still largely unknown. This is especially true for the so-called cerebral cortex of mammals, where among other things vision, thoughts or spatial orientation are being computed. Here the rules by which nerve cells are connected to each other are only partly understood. A team of scientists around Moritz Helmstaedter at the Frankfiurt Max Planck Institute for Brain Research and Helene Schmidt (Humboldt University in Berlin) have now discovered a surprisingly precise nerve cell connectivity pattern in the part of the cerebral cortex that is responsible for orienting the individual animal or human in space.
The researchers report online in Nature (Schmidt et al., 2017. Axonal synapse sorting in medial entorhinal cortex, DOI: 10.1038/nature24005) that synapses in...
Whispering gallery mode (WGM) resonators are used to make tiny micro-lasers, sensors, switches, routers and other devices. These tiny structures rely on a...
Using ultrafast flashes of laser and x-ray radiation, scientists at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (Garching, Germany) took snapshots of the briefest electron motion inside a solid material to date. The electron motion lasted only 750 billionths of the billionth of a second before it fainted, setting a new record of human capability to capture ultrafast processes inside solids!
When x-rays shine onto solid materials or large molecules, an electron is pushed away from its original place near the nucleus of the atom, leaving a hole...
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