Driven by the needs and requirements of the research community, EGI will constitute a key element of the European Research Area. A dedicated study, the EGI Design Study, supported by the EU’s 7th Framework Program, has just been launched to establish the conceptual setup for a sustainable grid infrastructure in Europe. The project extends from September 2007 to December 2009, after receiving a formal approval from the European Commission.
Grid computing makes access to widely distributed computing resources as easy as those on the user’s own desktop. A grid infrastructure makes networking, computing and data resources available to users regardless of their geographical location. It improves the efficiency of scientific and industrial research as well as other digital services such as digital libraries.
A high-quality research network is an essential part of the technological infrastructure for global scientific cooperation and advancement in many fields. It is urgent to ensure that reliable and adaptive grid infrastructures are continuously maintained, independent of project funding cycles.
Europe has invested heavily in e-science programmes over the past years both at the National and the European levels with impressive results. Grid technology is recognized as a fundamental component for e-infrastructures. Supported by the European Commission, Europe has established itself as the world leader in the field. To this day 36 European countries have expressed their support for the European Grid Initiative Design Study.
Many countries have launched or are in the process of launching National Grid Initiatives (NGI) to establish national grid infrastructures for providing a common e-Science Infrastructure in support of all sciences. These NGIs provide a single point of contact, reducing the management and organizational overhead of international cooperation. While national infrastructures are fundamental in providing local connectivity and resources to researchers, they need to be linked seamlessly at a world-wide level to enable global scientific collaboration.
These national bodies need therefore to be complemented by a second structure, the future EGI organization, to coordinate issues on a European scale, including operations management, policy, standards and middleware testing. Centralisation of these services will help to bind the different European Grids into a seamless whole, providing truly virtualised services from the user’s point of view. Complementing the operations coordination, a central hub would also provide testing, certification, and validation services for the infrastructure. EGI will collaborate closely with industry as technology and service providers, as well as grid users, to promote the rapid and successful uptake of grid technology by European industry. The EGI Design Study will work out the various issues, and propose solutions to address all these points and achieve a realistic design of the EGI that will satisfy the following vision.
The guidelines of the EGI Design Study: VISION AND OBJECTIVES OF EGI:
To ensure that Europe capitalises fully on its large investment in grid infrastructures, middleware development and applications, the objectives of the future EGI are:• Ensure the long-term sustainability of the European e-infrastructure
The first EGI Design Study workshop will be held on Tuesday, 2. October 2007 in Budapest, during the EGEE´07 conference.
National Grid Initiatives:Austria (GUP, Austrian Grid Initiative)
Information integration and artificial intelligence for better diagnosis and therapy decisions
24.05.2017 | Fraunhofer MEVIS - Institut für Bildgestützte Medizin
World's thinnest hologram paves path to new 3-D world
18.05.2017 | RMIT University
Staphylococcus aureus is a feared pathogen (MRSA, multi-resistant S. aureus) due to frequent resistances against many antibiotics, especially in hospital infections. Researchers at the Paul-Ehrlich-Institut have identified immunological processes that prevent a successful immune response directed against the pathogenic agent. The delivery of bacterial proteins with RNA adjuvant or messenger RNA (mRNA) into immune cells allows the re-direction of the immune response towards an active defense against S. aureus. This could be of significant importance for the development of an effective vaccine. PLOS Pathogens has published these research results online on 25 May 2017.
Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is a bacterium that colonizes by far more than half of the skin and the mucosa of adults, usually without causing infections....
Physicists from the University of Würzburg are capable of generating identical looking single light particles at the push of a button. Two new studies now demonstrate the potential this method holds.
The quantum computer has fuelled the imagination of scientists for decades: It is based on fundamentally different phenomena than a conventional computer....
An international team of physicists has monitored the scattering behaviour of electrons in a non-conducting material in real-time. Their insights could be beneficial for radiotherapy.
We can refer to electrons in non-conducting materials as ‘sluggish’. Typically, they remain fixed in a location, deep inside an atomic composite. It is hence...
Two-dimensional magnetic structures are regarded as a promising material for new types of data storage, since the magnetic properties of individual molecular building blocks can be investigated and modified. For the first time, researchers have now produced a wafer-thin ferrimagnet, in which molecules with different magnetic centers arrange themselves on a gold surface to form a checkerboard pattern. Scientists at the Swiss Nanoscience Institute at the University of Basel and the Paul Scherrer Institute published their findings in the journal Nature Communications.
Ferrimagnets are composed of two centers which are magnetized at different strengths and point in opposing directions. Two-dimensional, quasi-flat ferrimagnets...
An Australian-Chinese research team has created the world's thinnest hologram, paving the way towards the integration of 3D holography into everyday...
24.05.2017 | Event News
23.05.2017 | Event News
22.05.2017 | Event News
26.05.2017 | Life Sciences
26.05.2017 | Life Sciences
26.05.2017 | Physics and Astronomy