Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Enter the Semantic Grid

02.02.2006


To allow business and people to rapidly, and easily, establish virtual organisations to share information, services and computing resources a team of European researchers are laying the technological foundations that will open the door to the era of the Semantic Grid.


OntoGrid Logo


OntoGrid on track for Semantics



Working under the IST programme-funded OntoGrid project, they are catalysing the evolution of the Grid from a distributed network of computers in which the meaning of information is implicit and hidden into a medium that will allow computers as well as humans to interpret and share semantically-enriched data.

The upshot is a technological infrastructure in which semantically-aware middleware allows collections of resources - computing, storage, data sets, digital libraries, scientific instruments, businesses and people – to rapidly come together to form virtual organisations to solve a specific problem and disband just as easily once a solution is found. By overcoming cross-organisational, cross-industry and cross-country boundaries, and increasing interoperability by making semantic assumptions explicit, the Semantic Grid promises to aid organisations and businesses in any field where input from multiple and potentially highly differentiated actors is required.


“What we are doing is enriching the Grid with semantics,” explains Asunción Gómez-Pérez at the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, and one of the OntoGrid coordinators. “This is a visionary initiative. Few other researchers are working in this area at present.”

To test its highly innovative approach, the project partners are developing two semantic applications to be run over Grid infrastructure. One will consist of an insurance settlement system linking together the various parties involved in resolving insurance claims as a way to reduce costs, increase cross-organisational collaboration and fight fraud. The other will offer quality analysis for satellite images, allowing users to transparently obtain and analyse information from different data centres.

“The insurance settlement system solves a very real problem facing the insurance sector: how to resolve claims in which many very different actors are involved,” notes Carole Goble, the OntoGrid’s technical coordinator at the University of Manchester.

“Imagine you crash a car in Spain that you rented in France with a German-registered car driven by a Dutchman: resolving the paperwork is a major problem,” Goble notes. Similarly, the lack of collaboration and communication mechanisms between insurers and other actors raises the potential for fraud. With a Semantic Grid application a virtual organisation linking all actors involved could rapidly be established to settle the claim using semantically-enriched information to overcome their procedural differences and ensure they all use the same terminology.

Middleware for any context

“The problem with the Grid that has existed to date is that it is rigid, systems aren’t easily configurable and there is no way to do things quickly,” the technical coordinator says. “In OntoGrid we are developing flexible and configurable middleware that can be reused.”

To do so, the project has developed Semantic-OGSA, a reference architecture that represents an evolution of the Open Grid Service Architecture (OGSA) and defines a mechanism for the explicit use of semantics in components and applications.

From a business perspective, the more flexible middleware will allow companies to be more agile in finding solutions to problems as and when the need arises, and is particularly beneficial in sectors where actors are distributed. The Semantic Grid middleware could also easily be connected to existing (legacy) systems.

The enhanced information aggregation and exchange the Semantic Grid provides also offers other benefits. The quality analysis system for satellite images, for example, would help aerospace firms collect different data streams from different organisations that use different processes and aggregate it for different purposes, whether it is weather analysis or crop assessment.

Though adopting Semantic Grid systems today is likely to entail large upfront costs for companies (as the technology is still under development), in Goble’s view it will pay off in terms of increased productivity and lower costs in the long term. But as the technology matures (which is something that OntoGrid is contributing to), the upfront costs should go down by orders of magnitude. And she is confident that such systems will be used widely in the future, probably in part thanks to the groundwork carried out by the OntoGrid researchers.

Tara Morris | alfa
Further information:
http://istresults.cordis.lu/index.cfm/section/news/tpl/article/BrowsingType/Features/ID/80282

More articles from Information Technology:

nachricht The TU Ilmenau develops tomorrow’s chip technology today
27.04.2017 | Technische Universität Ilmenau

nachricht Five developments for improved data exploitation
19.04.2017 | Deutsches Forschungszentrum für Künstliche Intelligenz GmbH, DFKI

All articles from Information Technology >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Making lightweight construction suitable for series production

More and more automobile companies are focusing on body parts made of carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP). However, manufacturing and repair costs must be further reduced in order to make CFRP more economical in use. Together with the Volkswagen AG and five other partners in the project HolQueSt 3D, the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) has developed laser processes for the automatic trimming, drilling and repair of three-dimensional components.

Automated manufacturing processes are the basis for ultimately establishing the series production of CFRP components. In the project HolQueSt 3D, the LZH has...

Im Focus: Wonder material? Novel nanotube structure strengthens thin films for flexible electronics

Reflecting the structure of composites found in nature and the ancient world, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have synthesized thin carbon nanotube (CNT) textiles that exhibit both high electrical conductivity and a level of toughness that is about fifty times higher than copper films, currently used in electronics.

"The structural robustness of thin metal films has significant importance for the reliable operation of smart skin and flexible electronics including...

Im Focus: Deep inside Galaxy M87

The nearby, giant radio galaxy M87 hosts a supermassive black hole (BH) and is well-known for its bright jet dominating the spectrum over ten orders of magnitude in frequency. Due to its proximity, jet prominence, and the large black hole mass, M87 is the best laboratory for investigating the formation, acceleration, and collimation of relativistic jets. A research team led by Silke Britzen from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, has found strong indication for turbulent processes connecting the accretion disk and the jet of that galaxy providing insights into the longstanding problem of the origin of astrophysical jets.

Supermassive black holes form some of the most enigmatic phenomena in astrophysics. Their enormous energy output is supposed to be generated by the...

Im Focus: A Quantum Low Pass for Photons

Physicists in Garching observe novel quantum effect that limits the number of emitted photons.

The probability to find a certain number of photons inside a laser pulse usually corresponds to a classical distribution of independent events, the so-called...

Im Focus: Microprocessors based on a layer of just three atoms

Microprocessors based on atomically thin materials hold the promise of the evolution of traditional processors as well as new applications in the field of flexible electronics. Now, a TU Wien research team led by Thomas Müller has made a breakthrough in this field as part of an ongoing research project.

Two-dimensional materials, or 2D materials for short, are extremely versatile, although – or often more precisely because – they are made up of just one or a...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Fighting drug resistant tuberculosis – InfectoGnostics meets MYCO-NET² partners in Peru

28.04.2017 | Event News

Expert meeting “Health Business Connect” will connect international medical technology companies

20.04.2017 | Event News

Wenn der Computer das Gehirn austrickst

18.04.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Wireless power can drive tiny electronic devices in the GI tract

28.04.2017 | Medical Engineering

Ice cave in Transylvania yields window into region's past

28.04.2017 | Earth Sciences

Nose2Brain – Better Therapy for Multiple Sclerosis

28.04.2017 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>