To make it easier to measure the security of an information technology product or system, researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the National Security Agency (NSA) have developed a common specification language--Extensible Configuration Checklist Description Format (XCCDF)--for writing security checklists and related documents.
Increasingly, computers and other information technology products are vulnerable to multiple threats including viruses, worms and identity or information theft. One basic, yet effective, security tool is the security configuration checklist--a series of instructions for configuring an information technology (IT) product to a baseline or benchmark level of security. Configuring a system into conformance with a benchmark or other security specification is a time-consuming and very technical task. Automated tools are available to help system administrators determine a systems conformance and recommend corrective measures. However, most of these tools are designed for a particular IT product or system.
XCCDF is an XML-based format that is flexible, vendor-neutral and suited for a wide variety of checklist applications including measuring conformance of an IT system to security benchmarks and generating a record of a benchmark test. (XML is a language--analogous to the HTML codes used to format web pages--that describes information in a standard way to allow computers to exchange information and act on it.)
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Whispering gallery mode (WGM) resonators are used to make tiny micro-lasers, sensors, switches, routers and other devices. These tiny structures rely on a...
Using ultrafast flashes of laser and x-ray radiation, scientists at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (Garching, Germany) took snapshots of the briefest electron motion inside a solid material to date. The electron motion lasted only 750 billionths of the billionth of a second before it fainted, setting a new record of human capability to capture ultrafast processes inside solids!
When x-rays shine onto solid materials or large molecules, an electron is pushed away from its original place near the nucleus of the atom, leaving a hole...
For the first time, physicists have successfully imaged spiral magnetic ordering in a multiferroic material. These materials are considered highly promising candidates for future data storage media. The researchers were able to prove their findings using unique quantum sensors that were developed at Basel University and that can analyze electromagnetic fields on the nanometer scale. The results – obtained by scientists from the University of Basel’s Department of Physics, the Swiss Nanoscience Institute, the University of Montpellier and several laboratories from University Paris-Saclay – were recently published in the journal Nature.
Multiferroics are materials that simultaneously react to electric and magnetic fields. These two properties are rarely found together, and their combined...
MBM ScienceBridge GmbH successfully negotiated a license agreement between University Medical Center Göttingen (UMG) and the biotech company Tissue Systems Holding GmbH about commercial use of a multi-well tissue plate for automated and reliable tissue engineering & drug testing.
MBM ScienceBridge GmbH successfully negotiated a license agreement between University Medical Center Göttingen (UMG) and the biotech company Tissue Systems...
Pathogenic bacteria are becoming resistant to common antibiotics to an ever increasing degree. One of the most difficult germs is Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a...
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