Computer modeling and simulation programs that depict predisaster site conditions, changes due to sudden life-threatening events and consequences of emergency responses can be powerful tools for preparing for and coping with everything from terrorist attacks to hurricanes. Yet the multitude of programs, incompatibility of systems as well as technical jargon in the programs themselves hinder widespread acceptance of the potentially life-saving technology. The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is working to make such modeling and simulation programs readily accessible to emergency response decision-makers.
NIST is identifying the needs of emergency personnel and surveying the available modeling and simulation tools. It also proposes simplifying language in emergency response software to enable emergency personnel, at every level, to use the tools. In addition, NIST advocates industry-government efforts to develop interoperability standards for all modeling, simulation and visualization tools. Finally, NIST supports creation of an electronic "Emergency Response Framework" for such standardized programs. The framework would present state, local and national level decision-makers with a comprehensive menu of easily accessible modeling and simulation programs for understanding the extent of various threats, for training on mitigating damage to life and property and for coordinating emergency responses to actual events. NIST is currently working with other government researchers, industry software experts and emergency response leaders on a roadmap and development plan for the framework.
John Blair | EurekAlert!
Construction of practical quantum computers radically simplified
05.12.2016 | University of Sussex
UT professor develops algorithm to improve online mapping of disaster areas
29.11.2016 | University of Tennessee at Knoxville
Physicists of the University of Würzburg have made an astonishing discovery in a specific type of topological insulators. The effect is due to the structure of the materials used. The researchers have now published their work in the journal Science.
Topological insulators are currently the hot topic in physics according to the newspaper Neue Zürcher Zeitung. Only a few weeks ago, their importance was...
In recent years, lasers with ultrashort pulses (USP) down to the femtosecond range have become established on an industrial scale. They could advance some applications with the much-lauded “cold ablation” – if that meant they would then achieve more throughput. A new generation of process engineering that will address this issue in particular will be discussed at the “4th UKP Workshop – Ultrafast Laser Technology” in April 2017.
Even back in the 1990s, scientists were comparing materials processing with nanosecond, picosecond and femtosesecond pulses. The result was surprising:...
Have you ever wondered how you see the world? Vision is about photons of light, which are packets of energy, interacting with the atoms or molecules in what...
A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.
Working with colleagues at Stanford and The Dow Chemical Company, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign fabricated 3-D birefringent...
In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.
“Our Quantum droplets are in the gas phase but they still drop like a rock,” explains experimental physicist Francesca Ferlaino when talking about the...
16.11.2016 | Event News
01.11.2016 | Event News
14.10.2016 | Event News
09.12.2016 | Life Sciences
09.12.2016 | Ecology, The Environment and Conservation
09.12.2016 | Health and Medicine