Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:


Scientists have designed a system to monitor forest fires using video images

Scientists from the Universidad de Sevilla (US) [University of Seville] and the Universidad Pablo de Olavide (UPO) [University of Pablo de Olavide] have designed a “Vision Computing System” to monitor forest fires.

This would enable the position of flame front and their maximum height to be estimated, in real time, using video images. This system could be very helpful in studying the development of fires and introducing improvements in fire-extinguishing techniques, according to its inventors.

Luis Merino who is one of the authors of the study, and a Professor at the Escuela Politécnica Superior de la UPO de Sevilla [Polytechnic School of Pabloc Olavide, Seville] explains to SINC that two types of images are used in this technique. Visual images that are recorded using a conventional video camera and infrared images that are recorded with special cameras for this type of spectrum, “furthermore they are taken from different viewpoints in order to increase error robustness”. The visual information collected is digitised and processed on a computer.

This IT tool enables data obtained with the cameras to be compared with data contained in the system in a way that enables the software to take measurements of the size of the flame front, its height, angle of incline and to generate a 3D model of the fire.

Merino does point out that although various research groups analysing flame propagation models in the field are using this system already, “the fire-fighters can also use it to obtain precise, real time information about fire patterns, a very important matter in relation to the safety of the reserve fire-fighting teams”. In recent years several of these professional fire-fighters lost their lives while extinguishing the fires; there were eleven people who perished in the fire of Guadalajara in 2005.

The technique developed by the engineers requires moving the cameras and the portable computers to the site of the fire, and this is not always easy. For this reason the researchers are working currently to be able to apply this system in air vehicles, both in crewed helicopters and autonomous air robots. In fact, this methodology has been tested on-line and in real time in controlled forest fire experiments performed in Portugal, in collaboration with the Asociación para el Desarrollo de la Aerodinámica Industrial (ADAI) [Association for the Development of Industrial Aerodynamics from the Universidad de Coimbra (University of Coimbra].

At the present time Andalucian researchers are trying to incorporate the system into robotised helicopters and other uncrewed aerial vehicles, within the framework of the AWARE project (, in which various European research groups are participating.

The Grupo de Robótica, Visión y Control [Robotics, Vision and Control Group] from the Universidad de Sevilla (University of Seville] is co-ordinating these studies, headed by the Professor of Automatic Control and Systems Engineering, Aníbal Ollero. At a national level these scientists have become involved in the AEROSENS project as well, which is financed by the Ministry of Education and Science, and committed to the fight against natural disasters using sensor networks and aerial robots.

SINC Team | alfa
Further information:

More articles from Information Technology:

nachricht Fraunhofer FIT joins Facebook's Telecom Infra Project
25.10.2016 | Fraunhofer-Institut für Angewandte Informationstechnik FIT

nachricht Stanford researchers create new special-purpose computer that may someday save us billions
21.10.2016 | Stanford University

All articles from Information Technology >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Etching Microstructures with Lasers

Ultrafast lasers have introduced new possibilities in engraving ultrafine structures, and scientists are now also investigating how to use them to etch microstructures into thin glass. There are possible applications in analytics (lab on a chip) and especially in electronics and the consumer sector, where great interest has been shown.

This new method was born of a surprising phenomenon: irradiating glass in a particular way with an ultrafast laser has the effect of making the glass up to a...

Im Focus: Light-driven atomic rotations excite magnetic waves

Terahertz excitation of selected crystal vibrations leads to an effective magnetic field that drives coherent spin motion

Controlling functional properties by light is one of the grand goals in modern condensed matter physics and materials science. A new study now demonstrates how...

Im Focus: New 3-D wiring technique brings scalable quantum computers closer to reality

Researchers from the Institute for Quantum Computing (IQC) at the University of Waterloo led the development of a new extensible wiring technique capable of controlling superconducting quantum bits, representing a significant step towards to the realization of a scalable quantum computer.

"The quantum socket is a wiring method that uses three-dimensional wires based on spring-loaded pins to address individual qubits," said Jeremy Béjanin, a PhD...

Im Focus: Scientists develop a semiconductor nanocomposite material that moves in response to light

In a paper in Scientific Reports, a research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute describes a novel light-activated phenomenon that could become the basis for applications as diverse as microscopic robotic grippers and more efficient solar cells.

A research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) has developed a revolutionary, light-activated semiconductor nanocomposite material that can be used...

Im Focus: Diamonds aren't forever: Sandia, Harvard team create first quantum computer bridge

By forcefully embedding two silicon atoms in a diamond matrix, Sandia researchers have demonstrated for the first time on a single chip all the components needed to create a quantum bridge to link quantum computers together.

"People have already built small quantum computers," says Sandia researcher Ryan Camacho. "Maybe the first useful one won't be a single giant quantum computer...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>



Event News

#IC2S2: When Social Science meets Computer Science - GESIS will host the IC2S2 conference 2017

14.10.2016 | Event News

Agricultural Trade Developments and Potentials in Central Asia and the South Caucasus

14.10.2016 | Event News

World Health Summit – Day Three: A Call to Action

12.10.2016 | Event News

Latest News

How nanoscience will improve our health and lives in the coming years

27.10.2016 | Materials Sciences

OU-led team discovers rare, newborn tri-star system using ALMA

27.10.2016 | Physics and Astronomy

'Neighbor maps' reveal the genome's 3-D shape

27.10.2016 | Life Sciences

More VideoLinks >>>