In this project, which is funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research BMBF, one of the researchers’ main goals is to make especially properties that are hard to visualize, such as safety and reliability, visible by using state-of-the-art virtual reality processes.
By doing this, they will make it significantly easier to develop systems in many high-tech areas. Prof. Peter Liggesmeyer, director at Fraunhofer IESE, summarizes what the project is expected to do: “Distributed embedded systems are often safety-critical and so complex at the same time that risks are hard to detect and appropriate countermeasures are hard to find. We want to support this through suitable VR technologies in order to make abstract properties tangible“.
Whereas the colleagues from Magdeburg will concentrate on the mechanical and electrotechnical system components, the software portions of embedded systems will be the focus of the partners from Kaiserslautern, who will also support the project with concrete usage scenarios, for example from the area of automotive technology. Prof. Karsten Berns from TU Kaiserslautern emphasizes the innovative approach: ”Thanks to the results from the project, comparing alternative product designs and detecting neuralgic points early on will be possible in the future by taking a few glances into ’cyberspace’“.
The fact that partners from western Germany will also take part in the project initiated in the context of the BMBF initiative “State-of-the-art research and innovation from the new states” is welcome in Kaiserslautern: “It is just that existing competencies complement each other optimally, and only this makes success possible“, says the Vice President for Research and Technology at TU Kaiserslautern, Prof. Burkard Hillebrands. In addition, the project could become the prototype for a successful Germany-wide research collaboration and thus sustainably strengthen Germany’s role as a global market leader in mechanical and plant engineering”, continues Hillebrands.
VIERforES is one of six projects funded by BMBF in the context of its initiative “State-of-the-art research and innovation from the new states”. Of the approx.7.5 million euros for the years 2008 – 2010, 2.5 million euros will go to the University of Kaiserslautern and Fraunhofer IESE in almost equal parts; the rest of the funds will go to Otto-von-Guericke University and to Fraunhofer IFF in Magdeburg.
Patrick Leibbrand | alfa
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Plants and algae use the enzyme Rubisco to fix carbon dioxide, removing it from the atmosphere and converting it into biomass. Algae have figured out a way to increase the efficiency of carbon fixation. They gather most of their Rubisco into a ball-shaped microcompartment called the pyrenoid, which they flood with a high local concentration of carbon dioxide. A team of scientists at Princeton University, the Carnegie Institution for Science, Stanford University and the Max Plank Institute of Biochemistry have unravelled the mysteries of how the pyrenoid is assembled. These insights can help to engineer crops that remove more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere while producing more food.
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Using ultrafast flashes of laser and x-ray radiation, scientists at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (Garching, Germany) took snapshots of the briefest electron motion inside a solid material to date. The electron motion lasted only 750 billionths of the billionth of a second before it fainted, setting a new record of human capability to capture ultrafast processes inside solids!
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For the first time, physicists have successfully imaged spiral magnetic ordering in a multiferroic material. These materials are considered highly promising candidates for future data storage media. The researchers were able to prove their findings using unique quantum sensors that were developed at Basel University and that can analyze electromagnetic fields on the nanometer scale. The results – obtained by scientists from the University of Basel’s Department of Physics, the Swiss Nanoscience Institute, the University of Montpellier and several laboratories from University Paris-Saclay – were recently published in the journal Nature.
Multiferroics are materials that simultaneously react to electric and magnetic fields. These two properties are rarely found together, and their combined...
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