Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Mobile bushfire monitoring

07.01.2010
Modern wireless technologies could save bushfire lives

Mobile technologies, including the global system for mobile communication (GSM) and the ZigBee short-range wireless data connection technology could be used to monitor and detect bushfires, according to two research papers to be published in the International Journal of Computer Aided Engineering and Technology.

Dry, but often vegetated regions, of the world, such as the Australian outback and West Coast USA, repeatedly succumb to wildfires. These serious natural disaster can have devastating effects on the landscape, agriculture, and dwellings as well as causing significant loss of life, property, and the environment.

In order to prevent bushfires from occurring or minimise their impact, accurate and early detection is essential. There are numerous monitoring and alarm systems available, but they do have various shortcomings.

Now, Liu Liu, Rong Sun, Ying Sun and Said Al-Sarawi of The University of Adelaide, Australia, are developing a smart bushfire monitoring system that can provide an early warning message. Their system uses the short message service (SMS) carried by GSM telephones. Temperature and humidity sensors are connected to a microcontroller, which is interfaced with a GPS receiver to report the module position and a GSM module to communicate the sensory information. This system offers several benefits over earlier detection and alarm systems, not least that of which is that it can be adapted to different settings easily at no great expense.

In parallel work, Sun, Yuan and Al-Sarawi have also investigated the potential of ZigBee technology for smarting monitoring of bushfires. The same system of sensors and monitors are hooked up to a base station via wireless ZigBee modules that feed into a wireless LAN (local area network), thus providing the option to monitor a property or site remotely via the internet rather than receiving status alerts via SMS.

The team points out that the ZigBee approach could also be expanded by linking modules together using a GPRS network to provide much wider coverage. This would enhance the benefits of both mobile networks and the internet in collecting data from different sources in a similar way to distributed sensory network, but with a much simpler initial setup.

"A smart bushfire monitoring and detection system using GSM technology" in International Journal of Computer Aided Engineering and Technology, 2010, vol 2, pp. 218-233 and " A bushfire monitoring and detection system for smart homes using ZigBee technology" pp. 234-249

Said Al-Sarawi | EurekAlert!
Further information:
http://www.adelaide.edu.au

More articles from Information Technology:

nachricht NASA CubeSat to test miniaturized weather satellite technology
10.11.2017 | NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

nachricht New approach uses light instead of robots to assemble electronic components
08.11.2017 | The Optical Society

All articles from Information Technology >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: A “cosmic snake” reveals the structure of remote galaxies

The formation of stars in distant galaxies is still largely unexplored. For the first time, astron-omers at the University of Geneva have now been able to closely observe a star system six billion light-years away. In doing so, they are confirming earlier simulations made by the University of Zurich. One special effect is made possible by the multiple reflections of images that run through the cosmos like a snake.

Today, astronomers have a pretty accurate idea of how stars were formed in the recent cosmic past. But do these laws also apply to older galaxies? For around a...

Im Focus: Visual intelligence is not the same as IQ

Just because someone is smart and well-motivated doesn't mean he or she can learn the visual skills needed to excel at tasks like matching fingerprints, interpreting medical X-rays, keeping track of aircraft on radar displays or forensic face matching.

That is the implication of a new study which shows for the first time that there is a broad range of differences in people's visual ability and that these...

Im Focus: Novel Nano-CT device creates high-resolution 3D-X-rays of tiny velvet worm legs

Computer Tomography (CT) is a standard procedure in hospitals, but so far, the technology has not been suitable for imaging extremely small objects. In PNAS, a team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) describes a Nano-CT device that creates three-dimensional x-ray images at resolutions up to 100 nanometers. The first test application: Together with colleagues from the University of Kassel and Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht the researchers analyzed the locomotory system of a velvet worm.

During a CT analysis, the object under investigation is x-rayed and a detector measures the respective amount of radiation absorbed from various angles....

Im Focus: Researchers Develop Data Bus for Quantum Computer

The quantum world is fragile; error correction codes are needed to protect the information stored in a quantum object from the deteriorating effects of noise. Quantum physicists in Innsbruck have developed a protocol to pass quantum information between differently encoded building blocks of a future quantum computer, such as processors and memories. Scientists may use this protocol in the future to build a data bus for quantum computers. The researchers have published their work in the journal Nature Communications.

Future quantum computers will be able to solve problems where conventional computers fail today. We are still far away from any large-scale implementation,...

Im Focus: Wrinkles give heat a jolt in pillared graphene

Rice University researchers test 3-D carbon nanostructures' thermal transport abilities

Pillared graphene would transfer heat better if the theoretical material had a few asymmetric junctions that caused wrinkles, according to Rice University...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Ecology Across Borders: International conference brings together 1,500 ecologists

15.11.2017 | Event News

Road into laboratory: Users discuss biaxial fatigue-testing for car and truck wheel

15.11.2017 | Event News

#Berlin5GWeek: The right network for Industry 4.0

30.10.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Antarctic landscape insights keep ice loss forecasts on the radar

20.11.2017 | Earth Sciences

Filling the gap: High-latitude volcanic eruptions also have global impact

20.11.2017 | Earth Sciences

Water world

20.11.2017 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>