Mobile technologies, including the global system for mobile communication (GSM) and the ZigBee short-range wireless data connection technology could be used to monitor and detect bushfires, according to two research papers to be published in the International Journal of Computer Aided Engineering and Technology.
Dry, but often vegetated regions, of the world, such as the Australian outback and West Coast USA, repeatedly succumb to wildfires. These serious natural disaster can have devastating effects on the landscape, agriculture, and dwellings as well as causing significant loss of life, property, and the environment.
In order to prevent bushfires from occurring or minimise their impact, accurate and early detection is essential. There are numerous monitoring and alarm systems available, but they do have various shortcomings.
Now, Liu Liu, Rong Sun, Ying Sun and Said Al-Sarawi of The University of Adelaide, Australia, are developing a smart bushfire monitoring system that can provide an early warning message. Their system uses the short message service (SMS) carried by GSM telephones. Temperature and humidity sensors are connected to a microcontroller, which is interfaced with a GPS receiver to report the module position and a GSM module to communicate the sensory information. This system offers several benefits over earlier detection and alarm systems, not least that of which is that it can be adapted to different settings easily at no great expense.
In parallel work, Sun, Yuan and Al-Sarawi have also investigated the potential of ZigBee technology for smarting monitoring of bushfires. The same system of sensors and monitors are hooked up to a base station via wireless ZigBee modules that feed into a wireless LAN (local area network), thus providing the option to monitor a property or site remotely via the internet rather than receiving status alerts via SMS.
The team points out that the ZigBee approach could also be expanded by linking modules together using a GPRS network to provide much wider coverage. This would enhance the benefits of both mobile networks and the internet in collecting data from different sources in a similar way to distributed sensory network, but with a much simpler initial setup.
"A smart bushfire monitoring and detection system using GSM technology" in International Journal of Computer Aided Engineering and Technology, 2010, vol 2, pp. 218-233 and " A bushfire monitoring and detection system for smart homes using ZigBee technology" pp. 234-249
Said Al-Sarawi | EurekAlert!
Fraunhofer FIT joins Facebook's Telecom Infra Project
25.10.2016 | Fraunhofer-Institut für Angewandte Informationstechnik FIT
Stanford researchers create new special-purpose computer that may someday save us billions
21.10.2016 | Stanford University
Physicists from the University of Würzburg have designed a light source that emits photon pairs. Two-photon sources are particularly well suited for tap-proof data encryption. The experiment's key ingredients: a semiconductor crystal and some sticky tape.
So-called monolayers are at the heart of the research activities. These "super materials" (as the prestigious science magazine "Nature" puts it) have been...
Ultrafast lasers have introduced new possibilities in engraving ultrafine structures, and scientists are now also investigating how to use them to etch microstructures into thin glass. There are possible applications in analytics (lab on a chip) and especially in electronics and the consumer sector, where great interest has been shown.
This new method was born of a surprising phenomenon: irradiating glass in a particular way with an ultrafast laser has the effect of making the glass up to a...
Terahertz excitation of selected crystal vibrations leads to an effective magnetic field that drives coherent spin motion
Controlling functional properties by light is one of the grand goals in modern condensed matter physics and materials science. A new study now demonstrates how...
Researchers from the Institute for Quantum Computing (IQC) at the University of Waterloo led the development of a new extensible wiring technique capable of controlling superconducting quantum bits, representing a significant step towards to the realization of a scalable quantum computer.
"The quantum socket is a wiring method that uses three-dimensional wires based on spring-loaded pins to address individual qubits," said Jeremy Béjanin, a PhD...
In a paper in Scientific Reports, a research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute describes a novel light-activated phenomenon that could become the basis for applications as diverse as microscopic robotic grippers and more efficient solar cells.
A research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) has developed a revolutionary, light-activated semiconductor nanocomposite material that can be used...
14.10.2016 | Event News
14.10.2016 | Event News
12.10.2016 | Event News
28.10.2016 | Power and Electrical Engineering
28.10.2016 | Life Sciences
28.10.2016 | Life Sciences