Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Booster for Next-Generation Supercomputers

15.11.2011
Kick-off for the European exascale project DEEP

Today supercomputers are an indispensable tool in almost all fields of research. However, present concepts cannot be extended indefinitely without causing an unreasonable increase in effort and costs. For this reason, scientists plan to develop a new platform for next-generation supercomputers as part of the EU DEEP project (Dynamical ExaScale Entry Platform), with applications for brain research, climatology and seismology, to name but a few.

The project will be launched this December and showcased at the world’s most important supercomputing conference, the SC’11 in Seattle, on 17 November 2011.

Even today scientists already need gigantic computing capacity in order to model biological organs and to develop ever more multifaceted models of climate or the universe or complex building blocks of matter.

To ensure that European research continues to have access to the necessary resources for high-performance computing (HPC) in future, Forschungszentrum Jülich is planning to enter the exaflop/s age by 2020 with the DEEP project – together with Intel, ParTec and 12 other European partners from 8 countries. An exaflop/s computer of this type, performing a quintillion (1018) calculations per second, would be a thousand times faster than today’s supercomputers. The scientists expect a first prototype as early as 2014/2015 that will have a capacity of 100 petaflop/s, around one hundred times faster than today’s petaflop/s computers, such as Jülich’s Petaflop computer JUGENE.

With the exaflop/s class, scientists will be able to tackle challenges which still seem unrealistic today, such as detailed simulation of the human brain. However, increases in performance on this scale can only be achieved by parallel computing employing millions of processors. Using today’s technology, this would mean that energy costs would become prohibitive. In order to pave the way for a viable exascale computer, researchers in the DEEP project, funded with € 8 million by the European Commission, will be optimizing the networking of different hardware components and integrating new energy-saving cooling systems.

Scientists at Jülich have designed a new type of “cluster booster architecture” for DEEP. One important element is the processors that are still under development and are specially designed for parallel computing, the Intel® Many Integrated Core Architecture, with 50 plus cores on a single chip. Each of these 512 MIC processors will be linked to a booster that accelerates the entire system via a high-speed network called Extoll developed by the University of Heidelberg. “Working closely with Intel helps us to accelerate the development of cluster architectures for the exascale and to address the hardware and software challenges of building, programming and operating such systems”, explains Prof. Thomas Lippert, head of the Jülich Supercomputing Centre.

The new approach takes into account the fact that large-scale, future simulations will consist of multiple and very diverse tasks with complicated communication patterns between the processors. The underlying idea: the complex components of a program are executed on the “core” of the parallel computer, a cluster with Intel Xeon server processors. In contrast, simple, highly parallel program components that do not rely on such CPUs will be offloaded to the booster modules which, thanks to their large number of more simply structured computer cores, are able to perform the calculations for tasks of this kind with far greater energy efficiency.

“The close collaboration between Intel, Europe's largest scientific computer centre in Jülich and the leading cluster software vendor ParTec presents a unique opportunity to accelerate the evolution of cluster HPC platforms. Work on the novel DEEP architecture will be a key component in the understanding and development of future exascale systems, middleware and applications”, explains Stephen Pawlowski, Intel Senior Fellow and General Manager, Datacenter and Connected Systems Pathfinding.

Hugo R. Falter, Chief Operating Officer at ParTec, reports: “I am glad that the ParaStation Cluster Operating System can contribute to the success of this visionary project.” Based on an expanded version of this cluster operating system, an entire software environment for the new hardware architecture will be created with DEEP. As part of the project, in addition to tools for application developers, application software for brain research, climatology, seismology, high-temperature superconductivity and computational fluid engineering will also be transferred to the platform.

Forschungszentrum Jülich, Intel and ParTec have collaborated closely since 2010 in the Exacluster Laboratory at Jülich on developing novel system architectures and software tools for cluster computers. The main focus is on the scalability of hardware and software up to the exascale class and on ensuring the reliability of these systems. The DEEP project was initiated under the auspices of the ExaCluster Laboratory.

Further information:
SC’11 - International Conference for High Performance Computing, Networking, Storage and Analysis:

http://www.sc11.supercomputing.org/

Research at Jülich Supercomputing Centre (JSC):
http://www.fz-juelich.de/ias/jsc/EN/Home/home_node.html
Projektpartner:
Forschungszentrum Jülich (DE): http://www.fz-juelich.de
Intel GmbH (DE): http://www.intel.de
ParTec Cluster Competence Center GmbH (DE): http://www.par-tec.com/
Leibniz-Rechenzentrum der Bayrischen Akademie der Wissenschaften (DE): http://www.lrz.de/
Universität Heidelberg (DE): http://www.uni-heidelberg.de
German Research School for Simulation Sciences (DE): http://www.grs-sim.de
Eurotech (IT): http://www.eurotech.com
Barcelona Supercomputing Center (ES): http://www.bsc.es
Mellanox (IL): http://www.mellanox.com/
École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (CH): http://www.epfl.ch
Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (BE): http://www.kuleuven.be
European Centre for Research and Advanced Training in Scientific Computation (FR): http://www.cerfacs.fr
Cyprus Institute (CY): http://www.cyi.ac.cy
Universität Regensburg (DE): http://www.uni-regensburg.de
CINECA (IT): http://www.cineca.it
CCGVeritas (FR): http://www.cggveritas.com
Contact:
Wolfgang Gürich
+49 2461 61-6540
w.guerich@fz-juelich.de
Press Contact:
Tobias Schlößer
+49 2461 61-4771
t.schloesser@fz-juelich.de
Forschungszentrum Jülich…
pursues cutting-edge interdisciplinary research addressing pressing issues facing society today while at the same time developing key technologies for tomorrow. Research focuses on the areas of health, energy and environment, and information technology. The cooperation of the researchers at Jülich is characterized by outstanding expertise and infrastructure in physics, materials science, nanotechnology, and supercomputing. With a staff of about 4,700, Jülich – a member of the Helmholtz Association – is one of the largest research centres in Europe.

Annette Stettien | Forschungszentrum Jülich
Further information:
http://www.fz-juelich.de

More articles from Information Technology:

nachricht Five developments for improved data exploitation
19.04.2017 | Deutsches Forschungszentrum für Künstliche Intelligenz GmbH, DFKI

nachricht Smart Manual Workstations Deliver More Flexible Production
04.04.2017 | Deutsches Forschungszentrum für Künstliche Intelligenz GmbH, DFKI

All articles from Information Technology >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Making lightweight construction suitable for series production

More and more automobile companies are focusing on body parts made of carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP). However, manufacturing and repair costs must be further reduced in order to make CFRP more economical in use. Together with the Volkswagen AG and five other partners in the project HolQueSt 3D, the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) has developed laser processes for the automatic trimming, drilling and repair of three-dimensional components.

Automated manufacturing processes are the basis for ultimately establishing the series production of CFRP components. In the project HolQueSt 3D, the LZH has...

Im Focus: Wonder material? Novel nanotube structure strengthens thin films for flexible electronics

Reflecting the structure of composites found in nature and the ancient world, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have synthesized thin carbon nanotube (CNT) textiles that exhibit both high electrical conductivity and a level of toughness that is about fifty times higher than copper films, currently used in electronics.

"The structural robustness of thin metal films has significant importance for the reliable operation of smart skin and flexible electronics including...

Im Focus: Deep inside Galaxy M87

The nearby, giant radio galaxy M87 hosts a supermassive black hole (BH) and is well-known for its bright jet dominating the spectrum over ten orders of magnitude in frequency. Due to its proximity, jet prominence, and the large black hole mass, M87 is the best laboratory for investigating the formation, acceleration, and collimation of relativistic jets. A research team led by Silke Britzen from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, has found strong indication for turbulent processes connecting the accretion disk and the jet of that galaxy providing insights into the longstanding problem of the origin of astrophysical jets.

Supermassive black holes form some of the most enigmatic phenomena in astrophysics. Their enormous energy output is supposed to be generated by the...

Im Focus: A Quantum Low Pass for Photons

Physicists in Garching observe novel quantum effect that limits the number of emitted photons.

The probability to find a certain number of photons inside a laser pulse usually corresponds to a classical distribution of independent events, the so-called...

Im Focus: Microprocessors based on a layer of just three atoms

Microprocessors based on atomically thin materials hold the promise of the evolution of traditional processors as well as new applications in the field of flexible electronics. Now, a TU Wien research team led by Thomas Müller has made a breakthrough in this field as part of an ongoing research project.

Two-dimensional materials, or 2D materials for short, are extremely versatile, although – or often more precisely because – they are made up of just one or a...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Expert meeting “Health Business Connect” will connect international medical technology companies

20.04.2017 | Event News

Wenn der Computer das Gehirn austrickst

18.04.2017 | Event News

7th International Conference on Crystalline Silicon Photovoltaics in Freiburg on April 3-5, 2017

03.04.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

NASA's Fermi catches gamma-ray flashes from tropical storms

25.04.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

Researchers invent process to make sustainable rubber, plastics

25.04.2017 | Materials Sciences

Transfecting cells gently – the LZH presents a GNOME prototype at the Labvolution 2017

25.04.2017 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>