Solutions for our traffic problems and an environmentally friendly mobility can only be found in networks that integrate planning, technical, and socioeconomic know-how. This is the approach that the Centre for Transportation Research at the University of Stuttgart (FOVUS) has taken.
The nine member institutes are hosting the 4th international symposium “Networks for Mobility 2008” on 25 to 26 September. Around 150 participants from all over the world are going to present and discuss solutions to the topics of transportation system planning, traffic control and telematics, and transportation and the environment. The International Association of Public Transport (UITP) is a joint organiser.
From new city models to Stuttgart 21
The english-speaking conference is going to open its doors at 9.30 AM on 25 September 2008. FOVUS spokesperson Prof. Ullrich Martin will give an introductory speech, followed by Rudolf Köberle, Parliamentary State Secretary at the Ministry of the Interior of Baden-Württemberg. Prof. Johann Jessen of the Institute of Urban Planning and Design is then going to start the academic sessions with a presentation on “Mobility and Urbanity – Rethinking Models of the City”.
The conference will continue at 11 AM with presentations on the impact of mega-projects. Wolfgang Arnold (Stuttgarter Straßenbahnen/SSB) is going to talk about a model of integration between land-use and transport, Ulrich Weidmann will provide new insights into the Swiss NEAT project (“Neue Alpen-Transversale”: the new crossing of the Alps). Peter Head (United Kingdom) will then introduce the Chinese City Dongtan as the world’s first eco-city. Starting from 9 AM on 26 September, experts from Japan, Austria, Norway and Germany are going to give lectures on traffic management with focus on the improvement of urban life and smart growth strategies in transportation.
The plenary sessions are complemented by parallel sessions and poster presentations. A detailed program is available at www.uni-stuttgart.de/fovus/ and www.networks-for-mobility.net
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Plants and algae use the enzyme Rubisco to fix carbon dioxide, removing it from the atmosphere and converting it into biomass. Algae have figured out a way to increase the efficiency of carbon fixation. They gather most of their Rubisco into a ball-shaped microcompartment called the pyrenoid, which they flood with a high local concentration of carbon dioxide. A team of scientists at Princeton University, the Carnegie Institution for Science, Stanford University and the Max Plank Institute of Biochemistry have unravelled the mysteries of how the pyrenoid is assembled. These insights can help to engineer crops that remove more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere while producing more food.
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Our brains house extremely complex neuronal circuits, whose detailed structures are still largely unknown. This is especially true for the so-called cerebral cortex of mammals, where among other things vision, thoughts or spatial orientation are being computed. Here the rules by which nerve cells are connected to each other are only partly understood. A team of scientists around Moritz Helmstaedter at the Frankfiurt Max Planck Institute for Brain Research and Helene Schmidt (Humboldt University in Berlin) have now discovered a surprisingly precise nerve cell connectivity pattern in the part of the cerebral cortex that is responsible for orienting the individual animal or human in space.
The researchers report online in Nature (Schmidt et al., 2017. Axonal synapse sorting in medial entorhinal cortex, DOI: 10.1038/nature24005) that synapses in...
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Using ultrafast flashes of laser and x-ray radiation, scientists at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (Garching, Germany) took snapshots of the briefest electron motion inside a solid material to date. The electron motion lasted only 750 billionths of the billionth of a second before it fainted, setting a new record of human capability to capture ultrafast processes inside solids!
When x-rays shine onto solid materials or large molecules, an electron is pushed away from its original place near the nucleus of the atom, leaving a hole...
For the first time, physicists have successfully imaged spiral magnetic ordering in a multiferroic material. These materials are considered highly promising candidates for future data storage media. The researchers were able to prove their findings using unique quantum sensors that were developed at Basel University and that can analyze electromagnetic fields on the nanometer scale. The results – obtained by scientists from the University of Basel’s Department of Physics, the Swiss Nanoscience Institute, the University of Montpellier and several laboratories from University Paris-Saclay – were recently published in the journal Nature.
Multiferroics are materials that simultaneously react to electric and magnetic fields. These two properties are rarely found together, and their combined...
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