Great advances in understanding how organisms work have been made in recent years, largely through the use of a few well-understood model systems such as yeast. Our understanding of evolution is much less complete, in part because of the less effective use of model systems to study variation and evolution.
The intention of this conference series is to explore the concept of using yeast as a model system in evolution and ecology, building on our deep understanding of its physiology and genetics, and taking advantage of sophisticated techniques to manipulate the yeast cell and it shall concentrate on four core issues in evolutionary biology, providing emphasis in all four areas on wetlab experimental approaches. The first is the overall architecture of the genome and the major processes that have contributed to its evolution.
The second is the ecological and genetic structure of natural populations that forms the stage on which this evolution has taken place. The third involves the mechanisms of selection that lead to adaptation, and in particular how these can be studied experimentally in the laboratory. The fourth is the use of yeast to illuminate important problems in adaptation, especially the evolution of sex and mating systems. The conference series will bring together scientists working in all of these areas to show how integrated research programs using yeast as a model could be as successful in ecology and evolution as they have been in cellular and molecular biology.
Yeast has pioneered many areas of cell biological research and many new technologies have been used first with this organism in order to explore their general applicability. Currently, significant progress has been made in technologies suitable to assess biological diversity, ranging from high-throughput sequencing, tiling arrays to high-throughput quantitative cell biological investigations. The intention of this conference series is to bring scientists engaged in technology development together with evolutionary biologists, population geneticists and classical cell biologists and geneticists in order to explore experimental strategies to study the mechanisms and design principles of evolution.
Sonia Furtado | EMBL Research News
“Lasers in Composites Symposium” in Aachen – from Science to Application
19.09.2017 | Fraunhofer-Institut für Lasertechnik ILT
I-ESA 2018 – Call for Papers
12.09.2017 | Fraunhofer-Institut für Produktionsanlagen und Konstruktionstechnik IPK
Plants and algae use the enzyme Rubisco to fix carbon dioxide, removing it from the atmosphere and converting it into biomass. Algae have figured out a way to increase the efficiency of carbon fixation. They gather most of their Rubisco into a ball-shaped microcompartment called the pyrenoid, which they flood with a high local concentration of carbon dioxide. A team of scientists at Princeton University, the Carnegie Institution for Science, Stanford University and the Max Plank Institute of Biochemistry have unravelled the mysteries of how the pyrenoid is assembled. These insights can help to engineer crops that remove more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere while producing more food.
A warming planet
Our brains house extremely complex neuronal circuits, whose detailed structures are still largely unknown. This is especially true for the so-called cerebral cortex of mammals, where among other things vision, thoughts or spatial orientation are being computed. Here the rules by which nerve cells are connected to each other are only partly understood. A team of scientists around Moritz Helmstaedter at the Frankfiurt Max Planck Institute for Brain Research and Helene Schmidt (Humboldt University in Berlin) have now discovered a surprisingly precise nerve cell connectivity pattern in the part of the cerebral cortex that is responsible for orienting the individual animal or human in space.
The researchers report online in Nature (Schmidt et al., 2017. Axonal synapse sorting in medial entorhinal cortex, DOI: 10.1038/nature24005) that synapses in...
Whispering gallery mode (WGM) resonators are used to make tiny micro-lasers, sensors, switches, routers and other devices. These tiny structures rely on a...
Using ultrafast flashes of laser and x-ray radiation, scientists at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (Garching, Germany) took snapshots of the briefest electron motion inside a solid material to date. The electron motion lasted only 750 billionths of the billionth of a second before it fainted, setting a new record of human capability to capture ultrafast processes inside solids!
When x-rays shine onto solid materials or large molecules, an electron is pushed away from its original place near the nucleus of the atom, leaving a hole...
For the first time, physicists have successfully imaged spiral magnetic ordering in a multiferroic material. These materials are considered highly promising candidates for future data storage media. The researchers were able to prove their findings using unique quantum sensors that were developed at Basel University and that can analyze electromagnetic fields on the nanometer scale. The results – obtained by scientists from the University of Basel’s Department of Physics, the Swiss Nanoscience Institute, the University of Montpellier and several laboratories from University Paris-Saclay – were recently published in the journal Nature.
Multiferroics are materials that simultaneously react to electric and magnetic fields. These two properties are rarely found together, and their combined...
19.09.2017 | Event News
12.09.2017 | Event News
06.09.2017 | Event News
22.09.2017 | Life Sciences
22.09.2017 | Medical Engineering
22.09.2017 | Physics and Astronomy