Great advances in understanding how organisms work have been made in recent years, largely through the use of a few well-understood model systems such as yeast. Our understanding of evolution is much less complete, in part because of the less effective use of model systems to study variation and evolution.
The intention of this conference series is to explore the concept of using yeast as a model system in evolution and ecology, building on our deep understanding of its physiology and genetics, and taking advantage of sophisticated techniques to manipulate the yeast cell and it shall concentrate on four core issues in evolutionary biology, providing emphasis in all four areas on wetlab experimental approaches. The first is the overall architecture of the genome and the major processes that have contributed to its evolution.
The second is the ecological and genetic structure of natural populations that forms the stage on which this evolution has taken place. The third involves the mechanisms of selection that lead to adaptation, and in particular how these can be studied experimentally in the laboratory. The fourth is the use of yeast to illuminate important problems in adaptation, especially the evolution of sex and mating systems. The conference series will bring together scientists working in all of these areas to show how integrated research programs using yeast as a model could be as successful in ecology and evolution as they have been in cellular and molecular biology.
Yeast has pioneered many areas of cell biological research and many new technologies have been used first with this organism in order to explore their general applicability. Currently, significant progress has been made in technologies suitable to assess biological diversity, ranging from high-throughput sequencing, tiling arrays to high-throughput quantitative cell biological investigations. The intention of this conference series is to bring scientists engaged in technology development together with evolutionary biologists, population geneticists and classical cell biologists and geneticists in order to explore experimental strategies to study the mechanisms and design principles of evolution.
Sonia Furtado | EMBL Research News
Ecology Across Borders: International conference brings together 1,500 ecologists
15.11.2017 | Gesellschaft für Ökologie e.V.
Road into laboratory: Users discuss biaxial fatigue-testing for car and truck wheel
15.11.2017 | Fraunhofer-Institut für Betriebsfestigkeit und Systemzuverlässigkeit LBF
The formation of stars in distant galaxies is still largely unexplored. For the first time, astron-omers at the University of Geneva have now been able to closely observe a star system six billion light-years away. In doing so, they are confirming earlier simulations made by the University of Zurich. One special effect is made possible by the multiple reflections of images that run through the cosmos like a snake.
Today, astronomers have a pretty accurate idea of how stars were formed in the recent cosmic past. But do these laws also apply to older galaxies? For around a...
Just because someone is smart and well-motivated doesn't mean he or she can learn the visual skills needed to excel at tasks like matching fingerprints, interpreting medical X-rays, keeping track of aircraft on radar displays or forensic face matching.
That is the implication of a new study which shows for the first time that there is a broad range of differences in people's visual ability and that these...
Computer Tomography (CT) is a standard procedure in hospitals, but so far, the technology has not been suitable for imaging extremely small objects. In PNAS, a team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) describes a Nano-CT device that creates three-dimensional x-ray images at resolutions up to 100 nanometers. The first test application: Together with colleagues from the University of Kassel and Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht the researchers analyzed the locomotory system of a velvet worm.
During a CT analysis, the object under investigation is x-rayed and a detector measures the respective amount of radiation absorbed from various angles....
The quantum world is fragile; error correction codes are needed to protect the information stored in a quantum object from the deteriorating effects of noise. Quantum physicists in Innsbruck have developed a protocol to pass quantum information between differently encoded building blocks of a future quantum computer, such as processors and memories. Scientists may use this protocol in the future to build a data bus for quantum computers. The researchers have published their work in the journal Nature Communications.
Future quantum computers will be able to solve problems where conventional computers fail today. We are still far away from any large-scale implementation,...
Pillared graphene would transfer heat better if the theoretical material had a few asymmetric junctions that caused wrinkles, according to Rice University...
15.11.2017 | Event News
15.11.2017 | Event News
30.10.2017 | Event News
17.11.2017 | Physics and Astronomy
17.11.2017 | Health and Medicine
17.11.2017 | Studies and Analyses