Only appropriate investments in research can provide a solid basis for decision making in these areas that have major health and economic consequences for Europe’s citizens. In 2013, the European Commission's air policy is reviewed, with a focus on finding ways to improve the quality of the air Europeans breathe.
Under the title of „Frontline Research for Improved Air Quality and Climate Action“, representatives from science, politics and industry have discussed these matters on Tuesday evening in Brussels upon invitation of the Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research (TROPOS). This panel discussion was an official satellite event of the GREEN WEEK 2013 which will be held in Brussels from the 4th to 7th June and – within the “Year of the Air” be entitled "Cleaner Air for All".Europe's problems with air quality
Together with measurements, computer models that simulate the emission, transport and transformation of air pollutants help to understand and quantify such processes.„Detailed knowledge of optical, microphysical, and radiation properties of aerosol particles is of vital importance in order to understand their role in atmospheric processes as well as their impact on human health and environment. Sustained long-term observations of these aerosol properties can be accomplished only from multiple coordinated in-situ and ground-based remote sensing stations, complementing satellite observations which do not have a sufficient temporal and even spatial coverage and continuity to study many processes and do need ground-based measurements for calibration and validation. “A pan-European Research Infrastructure for atmospheric observations is the only instrument for providing these coordinated and sustained long-term high quality observations at continental scale“, says Dr. Gelsomina Pappalardo, Coordinator of the FP 7 Aerosols, Clouds, and Trace gases Research Infrastructure Network (ACTRIS) and Member of the National Research Council of Italy.
IAGOS-ERI is one of the European Research Infrastructures (ERI) on the ESFRI Roadmap. IAGOS-ERI will establish and operate a distributed infrastructure for long-term observations of atmospheric composition on a global scale from a fleet of 10-20 long-range in-service aircrafts of internationally operating airlines.
ACTRIS is a European Project aiming at integrating European ground based stations equipped with advanced atmospheric probing instrumentation for aerosols, clouds, and short-lived gas-phase species. ACTRIS will therefore play an essential role in generating new knowledge for further research and policy advice in the fields of climate change, air quality, and long-range transport of pollutants.EUROCHAMP-2 (European Simulation Chambers for Investigating Atmospheric Processes) is a European project which aims at a better integration of simulation chambers for studying atmospheric processes. Today, 14 European Partners are the backbone of this project, which developed a grid of environmental chambers. „Fine particulate matter and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) are the key problems for increasing air quality in Europe. Whereas particulate matter and the exceedence of PM limiting values have attracted considerable public attention during the last couple of years, the NO2 problem is a relatively new one, which became mature through the introduction of new European limiting values in January 2010. For a further improvement of air quality, a detailed understanding of the corresponding atmospheric processes is prerequisite. Field studies and modeling work alone cannot provide the necessary information. Atmospheric simulation chambers offer the unique opportunity to study atmospheric processes related with air quality without the interference of meteorology. Therefore, these simulation chambers can help to further improve air quality in Europe“, says Peter Wiesen of University of Wuppertal, Germany, who coordinates EUROCHAMP.
Further reports about: > ACTRIS > Aerosol > Air Quality > Ambient Air > Ambient Assisted Living > Atmospheric > Carbon > Climate change > Earth’s surface > European Commission > Infrastructure > Mobile phone > Simulation > TROPOS > Tropospheric > aerosol particles > air pollutant > atmospheric process > climate system > clouds > computer model > health problem > human health > knowledge transfer > nitrogen dioxide > premature death > social science > urban areas
Invitation to the upcoming "Current Topics in Bioinformatics: Big Data in Genomics and Medicine"
13.04.2018 | Max-Planck-Institut für molekulare Genetik
Unique scope of UV LED technologies and applications presented in Berlin: ICULTA-2018
12.04.2018 | Forschungsverbund Berlin e.V.
University of Connecticut researchers have created a biodegradable composite made of silk fibers that can be used to repair broken load-bearing bones without the complications sometimes presented by other materials.
Repairing major load-bearing bones such as those in the leg can be a long and uncomfortable process.
Study published in the journal ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces is the outcome of an international effort that included teams from Dresden and Berlin in Germany, and the US.
Scientists at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) together with colleagues from the Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin (HZB) and the University of Virginia...
Novel highly efficient and brilliant gamma-ray source: Based on model calculations, physicists of the Max PIanck Institute for Nuclear Physics in Heidelberg propose a novel method for an efficient high-brilliance gamma-ray source. A giant collimated gamma-ray pulse is generated from the interaction of a dense ultra-relativistic electron beam with a thin solid conductor. Energetic gamma-rays are copiously produced as the electron beam splits into filaments while propagating across the conductor. The resulting gamma-ray energy and flux enable novel experiments in nuclear and fundamental physics.
The typical wavelength of light interacting with an object of the microcosm scales with the size of this object. For atoms, this ranges from visible light to...
Stable joint cartilage can be produced from adult stem cells originating from bone marrow. This is made possible by inducing specific molecular processes occurring during embryonic cartilage formation, as researchers from the University and University Hospital of Basel report in the scientific journal PNAS.
Certain mesenchymal stem/stromal cells from the bone marrow of adults are considered extremely promising for skeletal tissue regeneration. These adult stem...
In the fight against cancer, scientists are developing new drugs to hit tumor cells at so far unused weak points. Such a “sore spot” is the protein complex...
13.04.2018 | Event News
12.04.2018 | Event News
09.04.2018 | Event News
20.04.2018 | Physics and Astronomy
20.04.2018 | Interdisciplinary Research
20.04.2018 | Physics and Astronomy