Only appropriate investments in research can provide a solid basis for decision making in these areas that have major health and economic consequences for Europe’s citizens. In 2013, the European Commission's air policy is reviewed, with a focus on finding ways to improve the quality of the air Europeans breathe.
Under the title of „Frontline Research for Improved Air Quality and Climate Action“, representatives from science, politics and industry have discussed these matters on Tuesday evening in Brussels upon invitation of the Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research (TROPOS). This panel discussion was an official satellite event of the GREEN WEEK 2013 which will be held in Brussels from the 4th to 7th June and – within the “Year of the Air” be entitled "Cleaner Air for All".Europe's problems with air quality
Together with measurements, computer models that simulate the emission, transport and transformation of air pollutants help to understand and quantify such processes.„Detailed knowledge of optical, microphysical, and radiation properties of aerosol particles is of vital importance in order to understand their role in atmospheric processes as well as their impact on human health and environment. Sustained long-term observations of these aerosol properties can be accomplished only from multiple coordinated in-situ and ground-based remote sensing stations, complementing satellite observations which do not have a sufficient temporal and even spatial coverage and continuity to study many processes and do need ground-based measurements for calibration and validation. “A pan-European Research Infrastructure for atmospheric observations is the only instrument for providing these coordinated and sustained long-term high quality observations at continental scale“, says Dr. Gelsomina Pappalardo, Coordinator of the FP 7 Aerosols, Clouds, and Trace gases Research Infrastructure Network (ACTRIS) and Member of the National Research Council of Italy.
IAGOS-ERI is one of the European Research Infrastructures (ERI) on the ESFRI Roadmap. IAGOS-ERI will establish and operate a distributed infrastructure for long-term observations of atmospheric composition on a global scale from a fleet of 10-20 long-range in-service aircrafts of internationally operating airlines.
ACTRIS is a European Project aiming at integrating European ground based stations equipped with advanced atmospheric probing instrumentation for aerosols, clouds, and short-lived gas-phase species. ACTRIS will therefore play an essential role in generating new knowledge for further research and policy advice in the fields of climate change, air quality, and long-range transport of pollutants.EUROCHAMP-2 (European Simulation Chambers for Investigating Atmospheric Processes) is a European project which aims at a better integration of simulation chambers for studying atmospheric processes. Today, 14 European Partners are the backbone of this project, which developed a grid of environmental chambers. „Fine particulate matter and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) are the key problems for increasing air quality in Europe. Whereas particulate matter and the exceedence of PM limiting values have attracted considerable public attention during the last couple of years, the NO2 problem is a relatively new one, which became mature through the introduction of new European limiting values in January 2010. For a further improvement of air quality, a detailed understanding of the corresponding atmospheric processes is prerequisite. Field studies and modeling work alone cannot provide the necessary information. Atmospheric simulation chambers offer the unique opportunity to study atmospheric processes related with air quality without the interference of meteorology. Therefore, these simulation chambers can help to further improve air quality in Europe“, says Peter Wiesen of University of Wuppertal, Germany, who coordinates EUROCHAMP.
Further reports about: > ACTRIS > Aerosol > Air Quality > Ambient Air > Ambient Assisted Living > Atmospheric > Carbon > Climate change > Earth’s surface > European Commission > Infrastructure > Mobile phone > Simulation > TROPOS > Tropospheric > aerosol particles > air pollutant > atmospheric process > climate system > clouds > computer model > health problem > human health > knowledge transfer > nitrogen dioxide > premature death > social science > urban areas
International Land Use Symposium ILUS 2017: Call for Abstracts and Registration open
20.03.2017 | Leibniz-Institut für ökologische Raumentwicklung e. V.
CONNECT 2017: International congress on connective tissue
14.03.2017 | Universität Ulm
Astronomers from Bonn and Tautenburg in Thuringia (Germany) used the 100-m radio telescope at Effelsberg to observe several galaxy clusters. At the edges of these large accumulations of dark matter, stellar systems (galaxies), hot gas, and charged particles, they found magnetic fields that are exceptionally ordered over distances of many million light years. This makes them the most extended magnetic fields in the universe known so far.
The results will be published on March 22 in the journal „Astronomy & Astrophysics“.
Galaxy clusters are the largest gravitationally bound structures in the universe. With a typical extent of about 10 million light years, i.e. 100 times the...
Researchers at the Goethe University Frankfurt, together with partners from the University of Tübingen in Germany and Queen Mary University as well as Francis Crick Institute from London (UK) have developed a novel technology to decipher the secret ubiquitin code.
Ubiquitin is a small protein that can be linked to other cellular proteins, thereby controlling and modulating their functions. The attachment occurs in many...
In the eternal search for next generation high-efficiency solar cells and LEDs, scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory and their partners are creating...
Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are less stable. Now researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have, for the first time ever, produced a composite material combining silicon nanosheets and a polymer that is both UV-resistant and easy to process. This brings the scientists a significant step closer to industrial applications like flexible displays and photosensors.
Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are...
Enzymes behave differently in a test tube compared with the molecular scrum of a living cell. Chemists from the University of Basel have now been able to simulate these confined natural conditions in artificial vesicles for the first time. As reported in the academic journal Small, the results are offering better insight into the development of nanoreactors and artificial organelles.
Enzymes behave differently in a test tube compared with the molecular scrum of a living cell. Chemists from the University of Basel have now been able to...
20.03.2017 | Event News
14.03.2017 | Event News
07.03.2017 | Event News
22.03.2017 | Materials Sciences
22.03.2017 | Physics and Astronomy
22.03.2017 | Materials Sciences