The four-year study, reported in the September, 2008 issue of Environmental Health Perspectives (EHP), found the effects of air pollution were generally greater in residents with low educational attainment, compared with those with high educational attainment, defined as middle school or above.
Nine urban districts in China’s most populated city, Shanghai, were targeted for this study from 2001 to 2004, which included 6.3 million subjects. The study found no significant effects of air pollution in residents 5 to 64 years of age. However, among residents 65 years of age and older, the effects were significant, and approximately 2 to 5 times higher than among people in younger age groups. In the whole-period analyses, outdoor air pollution was associated with mortality from all causes and from cardiopulmonary diseases in Shanghai.
“Socioeconomic (SES) factors such as educational attainment may modify the health effects of outdoor air pollution because of several factors, including a higher prevalence of pre-existing diseases, inferior medical treatment, disadvantaged living conditions, poor diet, and lack of available air conditioning,” wrote study authors.
EHP editor-in-chief Hugh A. Tilson, PhD said, “This study may have set the stage for examining the long-term implications for developing environmental and social policy, assessing risk and setting standards in developing countries.”
Study authors include Haidong Kan, Stephanie J. London, Guohai Chen, Yunhui Zhng, Guixiang Song, Naiqing Zhao, Lili Jiang, and Bingheng Chen.
The article is available free of charge at http://www.ehponline.org/members/2008/10851/10851.html.
EHP is published by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. EHP is an Open Access journal. More information is available online at http://www.ehponline.org/. Brogan & Partners Convergence Marketing handles marketing and public relations for the publication, and is responsible for creation and distribution of this press release.
Julie Hayworth-Perman | Newswise Science News
Dispersal of Fish Eggs by Water Birds – Just a Myth?
19.02.2018 | Universität Basel
Removing fossil fuel subsidies will not reduce CO2 emissions as much as hoped
08.02.2018 | International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
In just a few weeks from now, the Chinese space station Tiangong-1 will re-enter the Earth's atmosphere where it will to a large extent burn up. It is possible that some debris will reach the Earth's surface. Tiangong-1 is orbiting the Earth uncontrolled at a speed of approx. 29,000 km/h.Currently the prognosis relating to the time of impact currently lies within a window of several days. The scientists at Fraunhofer FHR have already been monitoring Tiangong-1 for a number of weeks with their TIRA system, one of the most powerful space observation radars in the world, with a view to supporting the German Space Situational Awareness Center and the ESA with their re-entry forecasts.
Following the loss of radio contact with Tiangong-1 in 2016 and due to the low orbital height, it is now inevitable that the Chinese space station will...
Fraunhofer Institute for Organic Electronics, Electron Beam and Plasma Technology FEP, provider of research and development services for OLED lighting solutions, announces the founding of the “OLED Licht Forum” and presents latest OLED design and lighting solutions during light+building, from March 18th – 23rd, 2018 in Frankfurt a.M./Germany, at booth no. F91 in Hall 4.0.
They are united in their passion for OLED (organic light emitting diodes) lighting with all of its unique facets and application possibilities. Thus experts in...
A new scenario seeking to explain how Mars' putative oceans came and went over the last 4 billion years implies that the oceans formed several hundred million...
For the first time, an interdisciplinary team from the University of Basel has succeeded in integrating artificial organelles into the cells of live zebrafish embryos. This innovative approach using artificial organelles as cellular implants offers new potential in treating a range of diseases, as the authors report in an article published in Nature Communications.
In the cells of higher organisms, organelles such as the nucleus or mitochondria perform a range of complex functions necessary for life. In the networks of...
Animal photoreceptors capture light with photopigments. Researchers from the University of Göttingen have now discovered that these photopigments fulfill an...
19.03.2018 | Event News
16.03.2018 | Event News
13.03.2018 | Event News
21.03.2018 | Physics and Astronomy
21.03.2018 | Materials Sciences
21.03.2018 | Life Sciences