Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Risk of Extinction Increases for Cod

11.05.2010
When John Cabot arrived on the shores of Newfoundland in 1497, the ship’s crew reported cod fish were so abundant that sailors could scoop them up with buckets. Even years later, English skippers wrote about cod shoals “so thick by the shore that we hardly have been able to row a boat through them.”

Plentiful catches are now the stuff of history books. The Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) reports cod populations from the Arctic to the Bay of Fundy declining to perilously low levels—by 97 to 99 per cent since the 1960s.

The committee recommends to federal environment minister Jim Prentice that cod be listed as “endangered” on the legal list of species at risk.

Even with reduced catches since 1992, “cod are at such historically low levels that they have gone beyond their tipping point,” says Jeffrey Hutchings, the Dalhousie University biology professor who just stepped down as the chair of COSEWIC. “They may no longer be able to replace themselves in their ecosystem.”

Cod was designated by COSEWIC as a “special concern” in April 1998 with some populations deemed “threatened” or “endangered” by May 2003. But at that time, the government rejected COSEWIC’s recommendation to list the cod as endangered because of “socio-economic” concerns.

(A note about the terminology: species considered “special concern” are those particularly sensitive to human activities or natural events but are not endangered; “threatened” are species likely to become endangered if limiting conditions are not reversed; “endangered” are species facing imminent extinction or extirpation, missing from the wild.)

But Dr. Hutchings believes there may be a silver lining to COSEWIC’s report if the federal government accepts it this time. “Then a recovery strategy would have to be implemented by law,” he says.

“It’s old news that cod are in trouble. It’s been 18 years since the collapse of northern cod stocks,” he says. “The silver lining is if we get determined action by the federal government to make recovery targets, set timelines to achieve those targets and establish harvest control rules.”

The committee, which met last month to assess 51 species at risk, has now assessed 602 wildlife species in various risk categories, including 262 endangered, 151 threatened, 166 special concern, 23 extirpated (no longer found in the Canadian wild), and 13 wildlife species extinct.

With Dr. Hutchings stepping down, Marty Leonard, also a Dalhousie professor, assumes the chair for a two-year term.

Charles Crosby | Newswise Science News
Further information:
http://www.dal.ca

Further reports about: COSEWIC cod stock silver lining wildlife species

More articles from Ecology, The Environment and Conservation:

nachricht How does the loss of species alter ecosystems?
18.05.2017 | Deutsches Zentrum für integrative Biodiversitätsforschung (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig

nachricht Excess diesel emissions bring global health & environmental impacts
16.05.2017 | International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)

All articles from Ecology, The Environment and Conservation >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: A quantum walk of photons

Physicists from the University of Würzburg are capable of generating identical looking single light particles at the push of a button. Two new studies now demonstrate the potential this method holds.

The quantum computer has fuelled the imagination of scientists for decades: It is based on fundamentally different phenomena than a conventional computer....

Im Focus: Turmoil in sluggish electrons’ existence

An international team of physicists has monitored the scattering behaviour of electrons in a non-conducting material in real-time. Their insights could be beneficial for radiotherapy.

We can refer to electrons in non-conducting materials as ‘sluggish’. Typically, they remain fixed in a location, deep inside an atomic composite. It is hence...

Im Focus: Wafer-thin Magnetic Materials Developed for Future Quantum Technologies

Two-dimensional magnetic structures are regarded as a promising material for new types of data storage, since the magnetic properties of individual molecular building blocks can be investigated and modified. For the first time, researchers have now produced a wafer-thin ferrimagnet, in which molecules with different magnetic centers arrange themselves on a gold surface to form a checkerboard pattern. Scientists at the Swiss Nanoscience Institute at the University of Basel and the Paul Scherrer Institute published their findings in the journal Nature Communications.

Ferrimagnets are composed of two centers which are magnetized at different strengths and point in opposing directions. Two-dimensional, quasi-flat ferrimagnets...

Im Focus: World's thinnest hologram paves path to new 3-D world

Nano-hologram paves way for integration of 3-D holography into everyday electronics

An Australian-Chinese research team has created the world's thinnest hologram, paving the way towards the integration of 3D holography into everyday...

Im Focus: Using graphene to create quantum bits

In the race to produce a quantum computer, a number of projects are seeking a way to create quantum bits -- or qubits -- that are stable, meaning they are not much affected by changes in their environment. This normally needs highly nonlinear non-dissipative elements capable of functioning at very low temperatures.

In pursuit of this goal, researchers at EPFL's Laboratory of Photonics and Quantum Measurements LPQM (STI/SB), have investigated a nonlinear graphene-based...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Marine Conservation: IASS Contributes to UN Ocean Conference in New York on 5-9 June

24.05.2017 | Event News

AWK Aachen Machine Tool Colloquium 2017: Internet of Production for Agile Enterprises

23.05.2017 | Event News

Dortmund MST Conference presents Individualized Healthcare Solutions with micro and nanotechnology

22.05.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Physicists discover mechanism behind granular capillary effect

24.05.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

Measured for the first time: Direction of light waves changed by quantum effect

24.05.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

Marine Conservation: IASS Contributes to UN Ocean Conference in New York on 5-9 June

24.05.2017 | Event News

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>