The EU's outermost regions (ORs) and overseas territories (OCTs) are among the richest reservoirs of species and ecosystems in the world, encompassing 5 of the 34 biodiversity "hotspots" of the planet and spanning three different oceans. As elsewhere, these unique ecosystems are often at risk from increased interactions with human activities.
The objective of this ERA-NET action, which brings together 11 research organisations and regional authorities from the tropical and subtropical regions of 5 Member States (France, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, UK), is to improve the collection and sharing of information, identify strategic research priorities, develop common policies, and launch joint research activities among these regions. Providing an effective collaboration mechanism between continental Europe, outlying regions, and international organisations, NET-BIOME will play a key role in ensuring that European research fully meets its responsibilities towards global biodiversity.
Europe: an exceptional source of biodiversity…facing global challenges
Europe's overseas regions host an extraordinary diversity of ecosystems. European marine areas encompass more than 10% of the world's coral reefs, and over 20% of the world's lagoons. The EU has, with French Guyana, one of 15 low-fragmented forests remaining in the world. The Canary Islands host over 12.000 species of plants, birds and species. New Caledonia alone counts as high a number of terrestrial endemic species as the whole of continental Europe.
As elsewhere in the World, Europe's tropical and subtropical regions face growing environmental challenges. Biodiversity is often threatened by a combination of fragmentation and loss of habitat, the introduction of new species, climate change, and increasing interactions between human activities and ecosystems.
A key role for research
Along with the privilege of hosting such exceptional diversity, Europe has unique responsibilities in preserving it. An important part of the world's natural heritage, this biodiversity also represents a key asset for the economic, social and cultural development of these regions. EU research has a crucial role to play in managing such changes
Responding to such concerns, local authorities have funded a number of R&D programmes aiming to reconcile environment conservation and economic development. However, such efforts have often been hindered in the past due to their lack of integration, underfunding, and poor access to research data and facilities.
NET-BIOME: strengthening European and international cooperation on biodiversity
NET-BIOME provides a concrete answer to such challenges. Gathering research institutes from continental EU and outermost areas, as well as regional and local authorities (such as the Regional Council of La Réunion, the project leader, New Caledonia, the Canary Islands, the Azores, the Antilles, and the Cayman Islands), NET-BIOME will provide an effective collaboration mechanism to improve research coordination and develop common activities in response to clearly identified needs.
The project will allow: identification and prioritisation of research areas; better coordination of EU, national, and regional funding; improved access to information; more efficient sharing of research infrastructures; improved socioeconomic valorisation of biodiversity; enhanced training and transregional mobility of researchers. Fully integrated in the ERA, this ERA-NET initiative will also with a strong tie-up with research projects in third countries and international organisations in the field of biodiversity and sustainable development. It will pave the way for a forthcoming joint European programme of transnational research activities on tropical and subtropical diversity.
A cross-cutting, multidisciplinary, multi-region and multi-partner initiative, the NET-BIOME ERA-NET project illustrates how the EU's outermost regions can successfully take the lead in the shaping and coordination of research strategies for the benefit of the whole of Europe.
Patrick Vittet-Philippe | alfa
Upcycling 'fast fashion' to reduce waste and pollution
03.04.2017 | American Chemical Society
Litter is present throughout the world’s oceans: 1,220 species affected
27.03.2017 | Alfred-Wegener-Institut, Helmholtz-Zentrum für Polar- und Meeresforschung
More and more automobile companies are focusing on body parts made of carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP). However, manufacturing and repair costs must be further reduced in order to make CFRP more economical in use. Together with the Volkswagen AG and five other partners in the project HolQueSt 3D, the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) has developed laser processes for the automatic trimming, drilling and repair of three-dimensional components.
Automated manufacturing processes are the basis for ultimately establishing the series production of CFRP components. In the project HolQueSt 3D, the LZH has...
Reflecting the structure of composites found in nature and the ancient world, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have synthesized thin carbon nanotube (CNT) textiles that exhibit both high electrical conductivity and a level of toughness that is about fifty times higher than copper films, currently used in electronics.
"The structural robustness of thin metal films has significant importance for the reliable operation of smart skin and flexible electronics including...
The nearby, giant radio galaxy M87 hosts a supermassive black hole (BH) and is well-known for its bright jet dominating the spectrum over ten orders of magnitude in frequency. Due to its proximity, jet prominence, and the large black hole mass, M87 is the best laboratory for investigating the formation, acceleration, and collimation of relativistic jets. A research team led by Silke Britzen from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, has found strong indication for turbulent processes connecting the accretion disk and the jet of that galaxy providing insights into the longstanding problem of the origin of astrophysical jets.
Supermassive black holes form some of the most enigmatic phenomena in astrophysics. Their enormous energy output is supposed to be generated by the...
The probability to find a certain number of photons inside a laser pulse usually corresponds to a classical distribution of independent events, the so-called...
Microprocessors based on atomically thin materials hold the promise of the evolution of traditional processors as well as new applications in the field of flexible electronics. Now, a TU Wien research team led by Thomas Müller has made a breakthrough in this field as part of an ongoing research project.
Two-dimensional materials, or 2D materials for short, are extremely versatile, although – or often more precisely because – they are made up of just one or a...
20.04.2017 | Event News
18.04.2017 | Event News
03.04.2017 | Event News
27.04.2017 | Life Sciences
27.04.2017 | Physics and Astronomy
27.04.2017 | Earth Sciences