“Humankind’s long history of coping with climate tells us that the limits of adaptation are real, and cannot be reduced to economic trade-offs with investment or even with mitigation" say Kirstin Dow and Tom Downing, authors of The Atlas of Climate Change. “The challenges of adapting to new conditions are substantial and require much more effort. We still need focused guidance on where urgent adaptation is required now, where adaptation is likely to fail over the longer time frame and how to cope with the potential for crises."
Says Downing – also a lead author on linkages between adaptation and mitigation of the Working Group II of the IPCC Report released this week – “Climate change changes everything, from environmental services to economic infrastructure and even our culture.”
The IPCC WG2 has pulled together an amazing number of documented case studies where climate change is already causing effects, on the physiology of species, in changes in distributions and functions of ecosystems and to a lesser extent in managed resources.
But, warn Dow and Downing, “Climate change impacts accumulate through its many affects, accelerating multiple stresses that will concern all societies and economies, from the wealthy fabric of post- industrialized countries to those with severely limited resources focused on poverty and vulnerability reduction.”
For example, the rural economy in temperate countries may decline as water becomes scarce, heat waves stifle outdoor activities, and attractive environmental areas are degraded. In Africa, drought may reach a crisis against long term loss of reliable water supplies, accelerated soil erosion and deforestation, leaving some populations with little recourse other than leaving their homes.
Say Dow and Downing, “As you look at the IPCC Report, look at all of the elements that are changing because of climate change and think about how people, places, and economies are linked together in today’s world. On its own, each impact may not appear too bad, at least for the next few years. But are our societies ready to cope with all of the changes occurring and interacting at once? And, add up over the next few decades?
Says Downing “The Atlas of Climate Change brings the central story of climate change, reflecting the robust findings of the IPCC, to a wider audience. It is a resource for policy makers, scientists and the public, to raise awareness of the full story of climate change, from the scientific evidence, understanding of consequences to the nature of causes and responses. Issues of multiple stresses, vulnerability, and adaptation are a central theme running through the discussions of potential consequences and responses.”
Foreign language editions have been sold in Brazil, Germany, Italy, Japan, South Korea and Portugal with Greek and Spanish rights under offer.Reviews and awards for The Atlas of Climate Change:
Gudrun Freese | alfa
Dune ecosystem modelling
23.06.2017 | Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg im Breisgau
Understanding animal social networks can aid wildlife conservation
23.06.2017 | Leibniz-Institut für Gewässerökologie und Binnenfischerei (IGB)
An international team of scientists has proposed a new multi-disciplinary approach in which an array of new technologies will allow us to map biodiversity and the risks that wildlife is facing at the scale of whole landscapes. The findings are published in Nature Ecology and Evolution. This international research is led by the Kunming Institute of Zoology from China, University of East Anglia, University of Leicester and the Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research.
Using a combination of satellite and ground data, the team proposes that it is now possible to map biodiversity with an accuracy that has not been previously...
Heatwaves in the Arctic, longer periods of vegetation in Europe, severe floods in West Africa – starting in 2021, scientists want to explore the emissions of the greenhouse gas methane with the German-French satellite MERLIN. This is made possible by a new robust laser system of the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT in Aachen, which achieves unprecedented measurement accuracy.
Methane is primarily the result of the decomposition of organic matter. The gas has a 25 times greater warming potential than carbon dioxide, but is not as...
Hydrogen is regarded as the energy source of the future: It is produced with solar power and can be used to generate heat and electricity in fuel cells. Empa researchers have now succeeded in decoding the movement of hydrogen ions in crystals – a key step towards more efficient energy conversion in the hydrogen industry of tomorrow.
As charge carriers, electrons and ions play the leading role in electrochemical energy storage devices and converters such as batteries and fuel cells. Proton...
Scientists from the Excellence Cluster Universe at the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität Munich have establised "Cosmowebportal", a unique data centre for cosmological simulations located at the Leibniz Supercomputing Centre (LRZ) of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences. The complete results of a series of large hydrodynamical cosmological simulations are available, with data volumes typically exceeding several hundred terabytes. Scientists worldwide can interactively explore these complex simulations via a web interface and directly access the results.
With current telescopes, scientists can observe our Universe’s galaxies and galaxy clusters and their distribution along an invisible cosmic web. From the...
Temperature measurements possible even on the smallest scale / Molecular ruby for use in material sciences, biology, and medicine
Chemists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in cooperation with researchers of the German Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM)...
19.06.2017 | Event News
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13.06.2017 | Event News
23.06.2017 | Physics and Astronomy
23.06.2017 | Physics and Astronomy
23.06.2017 | Information Technology