Arsenic has a number of known serious health effects, including increased cancer risk, higher frequency of cardiovascular disease, and diabetes. Until now, it has not been possible to show any impact on fetuses and newborns, even though a few studies have suggested such consequences. A number of countries, especially poor ones, have high concentrations of arsenic in their well water. In Bangladesh, sediment containing arsenic has been carried with rivers for millennia, creating health risks for nearly half of the population.
In the current study, Anisur Rahman from ICDDRB (International Centre for Diarrhoeal Research) in Dhaka, Bangladesh, and a doctoral candidate at the Unit for International Maternal and Child Health (IMCH) at Uppsala University, Sweden, has shown that mothers who drink this arsenic-tainted water run an increased risk of having a miscarriage or losing their child in its first year.
This is the first time statistically significant effects have been shown. They were apparent even at relatively low levels of concentration of arsenic, 50 micrograms/liter. The findings are based on more than 29,000 pregnancies and were gathered in Matlab, Bangladesh, in a collaborative effort involving ICDDRB, Uppsala University, and the Karolinska Institute.
“The study shows how important it is for the population to get arsenic-free water as soon as possible, and that pregnant women must be given priority in this work,” says Lars-Åke Persson, professor of international child health at Uppsala University.
Anneli Waara | alfa
Global threat to primates concerns us all
19.01.2017 | Deutsches Primatenzentrum GmbH - Leibniz-Institut für Primatenforschung
Reducing household waste with less energy
18.01.2017 | FIZ Karlsruhe – Leibniz-Institut für Informationsinfrastruktur GmbH
An important step towards a completely new experimental access to quantum physics has been made at University of Konstanz. The team of scientists headed by...
Yersiniae cause severe intestinal infections. Studies using Yersinia pseudotuberculosis as a model organism aim to elucidate the infection mechanisms of these...
Researchers from the University of Hamburg in Germany, in collaboration with colleagues from the University of Aarhus in Denmark, have synthesized a new superconducting material by growing a few layers of an antiferromagnetic transition-metal chalcogenide on a bismuth-based topological insulator, both being non-superconducting materials.
While superconductivity and magnetism are generally believed to be mutually exclusive, surprisingly, in this new material, superconducting correlations...
Laser-driving of semimetals allows creating novel quasiparticle states within condensed matter systems and switching between different states on ultrafast time scales
Studying properties of fundamental particles in condensed matter systems is a promising approach to quantum field theory. Quasiparticles offer the opportunity...
Among the general public, solar thermal energy is currently associated with dark blue, rectangular collectors on building roofs. Technologies are needed for aesthetically high quality architecture which offer the architect more room for manoeuvre when it comes to low- and plus-energy buildings. With the “ArKol” project, researchers at Fraunhofer ISE together with partners are currently developing two façade collectors for solar thermal energy generation, which permit a high degree of design flexibility: a strip collector for opaque façade sections and a solar thermal blind for transparent sections. The current state of the two developments will be presented at the BAU 2017 trade fair.
As part of the “ArKol – development of architecturally highly integrated façade collectors with heat pipes” project, Fraunhofer ISE together with its partners...
19.01.2017 | Event News
10.01.2017 | Event News
09.01.2017 | Event News
19.01.2017 | Earth Sciences
19.01.2017 | Life Sciences
19.01.2017 | Physics and Astronomy