It is the first time that such a comprehensive inventory, named EurOcean-MaP, of marine research projects funded in Europe has been achieved. This inventory gathers information on projects funded by COST, EUREKA, EUROCORES (ESF), 6th Framework Programme (DG Research), INTERREG III (DG Region), LIFE and SMAP (DG Environment).
The Info-Base EurOcean MaP is available on-line, free of charge, at http://www.eurocean.org/contents.php?id=423 through a friendly-user interface. This interface provides the end-user with a set of efficient tools for searching, retrieving and printing information related to projects.
Of special interest is the exhaustive survey of the projects funded under the 6th Framework Programme (FP6) since there is no specific programme related to marine research, technology and development. EurOcean has so far identified 245 marine related projects which involved 89 countries and of which the allocated budget represents 3,2% of the overall FP6 budget. A detailed statistical analysis is available at http://www.eurocean.org/contents.php?id=417.
This work undertaken by EurOcean clearly demonstrates the importance and the pertinence of information management in marine science and technology. This should be taken into account in the implementation of the 7th Framework Programme. High consideration should also be given to marine information management in the context of a future European Maritime Policy presently under discussion at the European level.
EurOcean -European Centre for information on marine science and technology- was officially created on 28 February 2002 as a result of a joint French-Portuguese initiative. The Member Organisations are major national, regional and European organisations involved in marine science, technology and related activities such as coordination, decision-making and financing. The activities of EurOcean are financially supported by its Member Organisations.
The main objectives of EurOcean are to: 1) facilitate the access to information; 2) promote the development of indicators on marine science and technology, environment, and socio-economics; 3) encourage cooperation between the existing European organizations; 4) contribute to the preparation of syntheses as required by its Member Organisations.
The implementation of these objectives is designed in collaboration with all interested relevant partners in order to avoid any duplication and to maximize benefits. Special attention is given to the end-users in order to ensure the efficiency and the usefulness of the activities developed by EurOcean.
Priority is initially given to the inventory of the marine research infrastructures in Europe and to the inventory of European funded projects in marine RDT.
Conservationists are sounding the alarm: parrots much more threatened than assumed
15.09.2017 | Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen
A new indicator for marine ecosystem changes: the diatom/dinoflagellate index
21.08.2017 | Leibniz-Institut für Ostseeforschung Warnemünde
Plants and algae use the enzyme Rubisco to fix carbon dioxide, removing it from the atmosphere and converting it into biomass. Algae have figured out a way to increase the efficiency of carbon fixation. They gather most of their Rubisco into a ball-shaped microcompartment called the pyrenoid, which they flood with a high local concentration of carbon dioxide. A team of scientists at Princeton University, the Carnegie Institution for Science, Stanford University and the Max Plank Institute of Biochemistry have unravelled the mysteries of how the pyrenoid is assembled. These insights can help to engineer crops that remove more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere while producing more food.
A warming planet
Our brains house extremely complex neuronal circuits, whose detailed structures are still largely unknown. This is especially true for the so-called cerebral cortex of mammals, where among other things vision, thoughts or spatial orientation are being computed. Here the rules by which nerve cells are connected to each other are only partly understood. A team of scientists around Moritz Helmstaedter at the Frankfiurt Max Planck Institute for Brain Research and Helene Schmidt (Humboldt University in Berlin) have now discovered a surprisingly precise nerve cell connectivity pattern in the part of the cerebral cortex that is responsible for orienting the individual animal or human in space.
The researchers report online in Nature (Schmidt et al., 2017. Axonal synapse sorting in medial entorhinal cortex, DOI: 10.1038/nature24005) that synapses in...
Whispering gallery mode (WGM) resonators are used to make tiny micro-lasers, sensors, switches, routers and other devices. These tiny structures rely on a...
Using ultrafast flashes of laser and x-ray radiation, scientists at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (Garching, Germany) took snapshots of the briefest electron motion inside a solid material to date. The electron motion lasted only 750 billionths of the billionth of a second before it fainted, setting a new record of human capability to capture ultrafast processes inside solids!
When x-rays shine onto solid materials or large molecules, an electron is pushed away from its original place near the nucleus of the atom, leaving a hole...
For the first time, physicists have successfully imaged spiral magnetic ordering in a multiferroic material. These materials are considered highly promising candidates for future data storage media. The researchers were able to prove their findings using unique quantum sensors that were developed at Basel University and that can analyze electromagnetic fields on the nanometer scale. The results – obtained by scientists from the University of Basel’s Department of Physics, the Swiss Nanoscience Institute, the University of Montpellier and several laboratories from University Paris-Saclay – were recently published in the journal Nature.
Multiferroics are materials that simultaneously react to electric and magnetic fields. These two properties are rarely found together, and their combined...
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