This has emerged from recent research carried out by VU University Amsterdam’s Institute for Environmental Studies. The study in question focused on more than 400 individual passengers who passed through Amsterdam Airport Schiphol in November 2006. Seventy five percent of those questioned said that they would be prepared to pay an average surcharge of 23 euros per flight, over and above the price of their ticket. Only 14 % of those questioned objected to the idea of a surcharge.
If 75% of all airline passengers throughout the world were prepared to pay more to compensate for their CO2 emissions, this would generate a total of 23 billion euros for climate policy. These findings bode well for the new government’s plan to collect 350 million euros from passengers. This amount is equivalent to 25 euros per ticket. The study revealed, however, that support for a climate surcharge is conditional on climate-related measures being taken. This is because the main reasons for people’s willingness to pay are concern for the environment, a desire to prevent natural disasters, and a sense of responsibility for the fate of future generations.
The study also showed that North Americans and Europeans are more convinced than Asians about the benefits of a surcharge. One explanation for this is that concern for the environment in general, and awareness of the climate problem in particular, is greater among Americans and Europeans than among Asians. Furthermore, the degree of goodwill that an individual exhibits towards the surcharge is, to a significant extent, dependent on their income and on the number of flights that they make.
Mirjam Gouweloos | alfa
Conservationists are sounding the alarm: parrots much more threatened than assumed
15.09.2017 | Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen
A new indicator for marine ecosystem changes: the diatom/dinoflagellate index
21.08.2017 | Leibniz-Institut für Ostseeforschung Warnemünde
Plants and algae use the enzyme Rubisco to fix carbon dioxide, removing it from the atmosphere and converting it into biomass. Algae have figured out a way to increase the efficiency of carbon fixation. They gather most of their Rubisco into a ball-shaped microcompartment called the pyrenoid, which they flood with a high local concentration of carbon dioxide. A team of scientists at Princeton University, the Carnegie Institution for Science, Stanford University and the Max Plank Institute of Biochemistry have unravelled the mysteries of how the pyrenoid is assembled. These insights can help to engineer crops that remove more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere while producing more food.
A warming planet
Our brains house extremely complex neuronal circuits, whose detailed structures are still largely unknown. This is especially true for the so-called cerebral cortex of mammals, where among other things vision, thoughts or spatial orientation are being computed. Here the rules by which nerve cells are connected to each other are only partly understood. A team of scientists around Moritz Helmstaedter at the Frankfiurt Max Planck Institute for Brain Research and Helene Schmidt (Humboldt University in Berlin) have now discovered a surprisingly precise nerve cell connectivity pattern in the part of the cerebral cortex that is responsible for orienting the individual animal or human in space.
The researchers report online in Nature (Schmidt et al., 2017. Axonal synapse sorting in medial entorhinal cortex, DOI: 10.1038/nature24005) that synapses in...
Whispering gallery mode (WGM) resonators are used to make tiny micro-lasers, sensors, switches, routers and other devices. These tiny structures rely on a...
Using ultrafast flashes of laser and x-ray radiation, scientists at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (Garching, Germany) took snapshots of the briefest electron motion inside a solid material to date. The electron motion lasted only 750 billionths of the billionth of a second before it fainted, setting a new record of human capability to capture ultrafast processes inside solids!
When x-rays shine onto solid materials or large molecules, an electron is pushed away from its original place near the nucleus of the atom, leaving a hole...
For the first time, physicists have successfully imaged spiral magnetic ordering in a multiferroic material. These materials are considered highly promising candidates for future data storage media. The researchers were able to prove their findings using unique quantum sensors that were developed at Basel University and that can analyze electromagnetic fields on the nanometer scale. The results – obtained by scientists from the University of Basel’s Department of Physics, the Swiss Nanoscience Institute, the University of Montpellier and several laboratories from University Paris-Saclay – were recently published in the journal Nature.
Multiferroics are materials that simultaneously react to electric and magnetic fields. These two properties are rarely found together, and their combined...
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22.09.2017 | Life Sciences
22.09.2017 | Medical Engineering
22.09.2017 | Physics and Astronomy