Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Toward increased local influence in coastal areas of Sri Lanka

07.12.2006
Various forms of collaborative coalitions involving state, civic, and private players have become a more and more common form of political work, both to achieve political results and to increase the democratic element in political processes.

In her dissertation, Ingegerd Landström has studied efforts on the part of the Sri Lankan government to bring about such collaboration regarding the use of land and natural resources in the coastal areas of Sri Lanka, which were hit by the tsunami in 2004.

Since the early 1990s the Sri Lankan state has striven to increase the cooperation between state and local civic players in regard to planning and implementing the national coast management program. The introduction of so-called SAM projects (Special Area Management) in areas with particularly intractable environmental problems is designed to create collaborative coalitions­partnerships­among a series of players at different levels. Above all, these projects aim to provide local players with more influence over the use of local natural resources. These, in turn, are expected to be able to contribute to ecologically and economically sustainable development in villages and cities situated along the coast.

The SAM projects carried out in the 1990s achieved only limited success, both as regards the number of local players taking part in the collaboration and in terms of the influence they exerted. In her dissertation, Ingegerd Landström analyzes various factors that might have contributed to this. Two factors that are highlighted are the lack of formal local organizations that are able to participate in collaborative projects and the lack of experience among local players in regard to participation in political processes. The dissertation also shows the conflicts that exist between players that are expected to cooperate in SAM projects, as well as the skeptical attitude toward increased local influence that characterizes certain players.

-These factors as such need not exclude successful partnerships, but they must be fully taken into consideration, which is not the case at present in SAM projects, she says.

The importance of finding work forms that can contribute to democratic local influence over the use of land and natural resources in Sri Lanka´s coastal areas is especially crucial in the light of the ongoing reconstruction work following the tsunami of December 2004. The tsunami has entailed enormous consequences for the coastal inhabitants, but through enhanced political influence they can affect their own situation to a greater extent and thereby also take charge of the reconstruction of their lives and livelihoods.

Anneli Waara | alfa
Further information:
http://www.uu.se

More articles from Ecology, The Environment and Conservation:

nachricht Successful calculation of human and natural influence on cloud formation
04.11.2016 | Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main

nachricht Invasive Insects Cost the World Billions Per Year
04.10.2016 | University of Adelaide

All articles from Ecology, The Environment and Conservation >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Novel silicon etching technique crafts 3-D gradient refractive index micro-optics

A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.

Working with colleagues at Stanford and The Dow Chemical Company, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign fabricated 3-D birefringent...

Im Focus: Quantum Particles Form Droplets

In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.

“Our Quantum droplets are in the gas phase but they still drop like a rock,” explains experimental physicist Francesca Ferlaino when talking about the...

Im Focus: MADMAX: Max Planck Institute for Physics takes up axion research

The Max Planck Institute for Physics (MPP) is opening up a new research field. A workshop from November 21 - 22, 2016 will mark the start of activities for an innovative axion experiment. Axions are still only purely hypothetical particles. Their detection could solve two fundamental problems in particle physics: What dark matter consists of and why it has not yet been possible to directly observe a CP violation for the strong interaction.

The “MADMAX” project is the MPP’s commitment to axion research. Axions are so far only a theoretical prediction and are difficult to detect: on the one hand,...

Im Focus: Molecules change shape when wet

Broadband rotational spectroscopy unravels structural reshaping of isolated molecules in the gas phase to accommodate water

In two recent publications in the Journal of Chemical Physics and in the Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, researchers around Melanie Schnell from the Max...

Im Focus: Fraunhofer ISE Develops Highly Compact, High Frequency DC/DC Converter for Aviation

The efficiency of power electronic systems is not solely dependent on electrical efficiency but also on weight, for example, in mobile systems. When the weight of relevant components and devices in airplanes, for instance, is reduced, fuel savings can be achieved and correspondingly greenhouse gas emissions decreased. New materials and components based on gallium nitride (GaN) can help to reduce weight and increase the efficiency. With these new materials, power electronic switches can be operated at higher switching frequency, resulting in higher power density and lower material costs.

Researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE together with partners have investigated how these materials can be used to make power...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

ICTM Conference 2017: Production technology for turbomachine manufacturing of the future

16.11.2016 | Event News

Innovation Day Laser Technology – Laser Additive Manufacturing

01.11.2016 | Event News

#IC2S2: When Social Science meets Computer Science - GESIS will host the IC2S2 conference 2017

14.10.2016 | Event News

 
Latest News

UTSA study describes new minimally invasive device to treat cancer and other illnesses

02.12.2016 | Medical Engineering

Plasma-zapping process could yield trans fat-free soybean oil product

02.12.2016 | Agricultural and Forestry Science

What do Netflix, Google and planetary systems have in common?

02.12.2016 | Physics and Astronomy

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>