In her dissertation, Ingegerd Landström has studied efforts on the part of the Sri Lankan government to bring about such collaboration regarding the use of land and natural resources in the coastal areas of Sri Lanka, which were hit by the tsunami in 2004.
Since the early 1990s the Sri Lankan state has striven to increase the cooperation between state and local civic players in regard to planning and implementing the national coast management program. The introduction of so-called SAM projects (Special Area Management) in areas with particularly intractable environmental problems is designed to create collaborative coalitionspartnershipsamong a series of players at different levels. Above all, these projects aim to provide local players with more influence over the use of local natural resources. These, in turn, are expected to be able to contribute to ecologically and economically sustainable development in villages and cities situated along the coast.
The SAM projects carried out in the 1990s achieved only limited success, both as regards the number of local players taking part in the collaboration and in terms of the influence they exerted. In her dissertation, Ingegerd Landström analyzes various factors that might have contributed to this. Two factors that are highlighted are the lack of formal local organizations that are able to participate in collaborative projects and the lack of experience among local players in regard to participation in political processes. The dissertation also shows the conflicts that exist between players that are expected to cooperate in SAM projects, as well as the skeptical attitude toward increased local influence that characterizes certain players.
-These factors as such need not exclude successful partnerships, but they must be fully taken into consideration, which is not the case at present in SAM projects, she says.
The importance of finding work forms that can contribute to democratic local influence over the use of land and natural resources in Sri Lanka´s coastal areas is especially crucial in the light of the ongoing reconstruction work following the tsunami of December 2004. The tsunami has entailed enormous consequences for the coastal inhabitants, but through enhanced political influence they can affect their own situation to a greater extent and thereby also take charge of the reconstruction of their lives and livelihoods.
Anneli Waara | alfa
Litter is present throughout the world’s oceans: 1,220 species affected
27.03.2017 | Alfred-Wegener-Institut, Helmholtz-Zentrum für Polar- und Meeresforschung
International network connects experimental research in European waters
21.03.2017 | Leibniz-Institut für Gewässerökologie und Binnenfischerei (IGB)
The Institute of Semiconductor Technology and the Institute of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, both members of the Laboratory for Emerging Nanometrology (LENA), at Technische Universität Braunschweig are partners in a new European research project entitled ChipScope, which aims to develop a completely new and extremely small optical microscope capable of observing the interior of living cells in real time. A consortium of 7 partners from 5 countries will tackle this issue with very ambitious objectives during a four-year research program.
To demonstrate the usefulness of this new scientific tool, at the end of the project the developed chip-sized microscope will be used to observe in real-time...
Astronomers from Bonn and Tautenburg in Thuringia (Germany) used the 100-m radio telescope at Effelsberg to observe several galaxy clusters. At the edges of these large accumulations of dark matter, stellar systems (galaxies), hot gas, and charged particles, they found magnetic fields that are exceptionally ordered over distances of many million light years. This makes them the most extended magnetic fields in the universe known so far.
The results will be published on March 22 in the journal „Astronomy & Astrophysics“.
Galaxy clusters are the largest gravitationally bound structures in the universe. With a typical extent of about 10 million light years, i.e. 100 times the...
Researchers at the Goethe University Frankfurt, together with partners from the University of Tübingen in Germany and Queen Mary University as well as Francis Crick Institute from London (UK) have developed a novel technology to decipher the secret ubiquitin code.
Ubiquitin is a small protein that can be linked to other cellular proteins, thereby controlling and modulating their functions. The attachment occurs in many...
In the eternal search for next generation high-efficiency solar cells and LEDs, scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory and their partners are creating...
Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are less stable. Now researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have, for the first time ever, produced a composite material combining silicon nanosheets and a polymer that is both UV-resistant and easy to process. This brings the scientists a significant step closer to industrial applications like flexible displays and photosensors.
Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are...
20.03.2017 | Event News
14.03.2017 | Event News
07.03.2017 | Event News
29.03.2017 | Materials Sciences
29.03.2017 | Physics and Astronomy
29.03.2017 | Earth Sciences