In her dissertation, Ingegerd Landström has studied efforts on the part of the Sri Lankan government to bring about such collaboration regarding the use of land and natural resources in the coastal areas of Sri Lanka, which were hit by the tsunami in 2004.
Since the early 1990s the Sri Lankan state has striven to increase the cooperation between state and local civic players in regard to planning and implementing the national coast management program. The introduction of so-called SAM projects (Special Area Management) in areas with particularly intractable environmental problems is designed to create collaborative coalitionspartnershipsamong a series of players at different levels. Above all, these projects aim to provide local players with more influence over the use of local natural resources. These, in turn, are expected to be able to contribute to ecologically and economically sustainable development in villages and cities situated along the coast.
The SAM projects carried out in the 1990s achieved only limited success, both as regards the number of local players taking part in the collaboration and in terms of the influence they exerted. In her dissertation, Ingegerd Landström analyzes various factors that might have contributed to this. Two factors that are highlighted are the lack of formal local organizations that are able to participate in collaborative projects and the lack of experience among local players in regard to participation in political processes. The dissertation also shows the conflicts that exist between players that are expected to cooperate in SAM projects, as well as the skeptical attitude toward increased local influence that characterizes certain players.
-These factors as such need not exclude successful partnerships, but they must be fully taken into consideration, which is not the case at present in SAM projects, she says.
The importance of finding work forms that can contribute to democratic local influence over the use of land and natural resources in Sri Lanka´s coastal areas is especially crucial in the light of the ongoing reconstruction work following the tsunami of December 2004. The tsunami has entailed enormous consequences for the coastal inhabitants, but through enhanced political influence they can affect their own situation to a greater extent and thereby also take charge of the reconstruction of their lives and livelihoods.
Anneli Waara | alfa
Dispersal of Fish Eggs by Water Birds – Just a Myth?
19.02.2018 | Universität Basel
Removing fossil fuel subsidies will not reduce CO2 emissions as much as hoped
08.02.2018 | International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
At the LASYS 2018, from June 5th to 7th, the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) will be showcasing processes for the laser material processing of tomorrow in hall 4 at stand 4E75. With blown bomb shells the LZH will present first results of a research project on civil security.
At this year's LASYS, the LZH will exhibit light-based processes such as cutting, welding, ablation and structuring as well as additive manufacturing for...
There are videos on the internet that can make one marvel at technology. For example, a smartphone is casually bent around the arm or a thin-film display is rolled in all directions and with almost every diameter. From the user's point of view, this looks fantastic. From a professional point of view, however, the question arises: Is that already possible?
At Display Week 2018, scientists from the Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Polymer Research IAP will be demonstrating today’s technological possibilities and...
So-called quantum many-body scars allow quantum systems to stay out of equilibrium much longer, explaining experiment | Study published in Nature Physics
Recently, researchers from Harvard and MIT succeeded in trapping a record 53 atoms and individually controlling their quantum state, realizing what is called a...
The historic first detection of gravitational waves from colliding black holes far outside our galaxy opened a new window to understanding the universe. A...
A team led by Austrian experimental physicist Rainer Blatt has succeeded in characterizing the quantum entanglement of two spatially separated atoms by observing their light emission. This fundamental demonstration could lead to the development of highly sensitive optical gradiometers for the precise measurement of the gravitational field or the earth's magnetic field.
The age of quantum technology has long been heralded. Decades of research into the quantum world have led to the development of methods that make it possible...
02.05.2018 | Event News
13.04.2018 | Event News
12.04.2018 | Event News
22.05.2018 | Life Sciences
22.05.2018 | Earth Sciences
22.05.2018 | Trade Fair News