It is closely linked to the European WADEMED project, a knowledge base on water demand management in the Maghreb that set out to develop integrated tools for managing water savings, and to facilitate dialogue between the various stakeholders, in terms of both production and promotion of resources in the Mediterranean Basin and revenue redistribution.
Under the WADEMED project, a seminar co-organized by CEMAGREF, CIRAD and the Ecole Nationale d'Agriculture in Meknes, in conjunction with the Lot Chamber of Agriculture, was held in Cahors (Lot) in November. It enabled an analysis, from one shore of the Mediterranean to the other, of current changes in irrigated agriculture, how agricultural professionals are coping with those changes, and the degree of State support. Plans were also made for twinning operations and exchanges between irrigation structures and cooperatives in Lot and in Morocco.
As Jean-Yves Jamin, Head of the CIRAD Water Management Research Unit, explains, "in France, Africa and Asia, we are facing the same difficulties managing water distribution between agricultural and urban areas". He adds "We have to cope with drought, water salinity, disputes between users, and State withdrawal. Field research needs to combine hydraulics, agronomy and sociology".
New water use practices are emerging in Mediterranean countries, notably the development of underground water drawing systems. Marcel Kuper and Nicolas Faysse, CIRAD researchers on postings in Morocco, and Serge Marlet in Tunisia, are working both to reduce water table salinity and to foster talks between farmers, professional organizations and the authorities. To optimize the future of family agriculture, new agricultural policies need to be drawn up for irrigation schemes.
Helen Burford | alfa
Scientists produce a new roadmap for guiding development & conservation in the Amazon
09.12.2016 | Wildlife Conservation Society
Successful calculation of human and natural influence on cloud formation
04.11.2016 | Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main
Physicists of the University of Würzburg have made an astonishing discovery in a specific type of topological insulators. The effect is due to the structure of the materials used. The researchers have now published their work in the journal Science.
Topological insulators are currently the hot topic in physics according to the newspaper Neue Zürcher Zeitung. Only a few weeks ago, their importance was...
In recent years, lasers with ultrashort pulses (USP) down to the femtosecond range have become established on an industrial scale. They could advance some applications with the much-lauded “cold ablation” – if that meant they would then achieve more throughput. A new generation of process engineering that will address this issue in particular will be discussed at the “4th UKP Workshop – Ultrafast Laser Technology” in April 2017.
Even back in the 1990s, scientists were comparing materials processing with nanosecond, picosecond and femtosesecond pulses. The result was surprising:...
Have you ever wondered how you see the world? Vision is about photons of light, which are packets of energy, interacting with the atoms or molecules in what...
A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.
Working with colleagues at Stanford and The Dow Chemical Company, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign fabricated 3-D birefringent...
In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.
“Our Quantum droplets are in the gas phase but they still drop like a rock,” explains experimental physicist Francesca Ferlaino when talking about the...
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