Traffic-related emissions result from either the combustion process in vehicle engines or from the tyre contact with the pavement. The latter produces street dust, which is problematic during the spring in the Nordic countries.
The FINE Particles - Technology, Environment and Health – National Technology Programme has played a key role in catalysing the study of traffic-related particles in Finland, and in pushing forward public discussion on these types of emissions and their effects on urban air quality, people´s health, and atmospheric processes.
The FINE projects focused on studying the formation, characteristics, and dispersion of particles emitted by the vehicles, and the effect of different technologies. A mobile laboratory known as the “Sniffer” developed in one of the FINE projects, was used for vehicle chase measurements.
Promising results in engine technology
The technology oriented projects devoted to the potential of modern engine technology to reduce particle formation. Injection timing, combustion chamber shape, swirl motion, and controllable valve timing were found to be promising ways of cutting particulate emissions.
Finnish companies have benefited directly in terms of enhanced expertise and the improved understanding of the processes and mechanisms associated with particle formation and properties.
The FINE Programme has highlighted the need for further research in areas such as, biofuels and the characteristics of the particulates they release.
In Europe and in the USA, tougher traffic-related emission limits can be expected in the near future. New emission limits represent a major challenge in terms of developing the best technology to meet them and the best technology for providing measurement data. However, tougher limits will create new business opportunities for companies devoted to reduce emissions and develop technology suitable for combating them.
The FINE Programme launched in 2002 by Tekes, the Finnish Funding Agency for Technology and Innovation, was completed in the spring of 2006. The Programme involved over 50 individual projects and close to 60 companies and over 20 research institutions. Work of 11 FINE projects focused on traffic-related particulate emissions.
Global threat to primates concerns us all
19.01.2017 | Deutsches Primatenzentrum GmbH - Leibniz-Institut für Primatenforschung
Reducing household waste with less energy
18.01.2017 | FIZ Karlsruhe – Leibniz-Institut für Informationsinfrastruktur GmbH
An important step towards a completely new experimental access to quantum physics has been made at University of Konstanz. The team of scientists headed by...
Yersiniae cause severe intestinal infections. Studies using Yersinia pseudotuberculosis as a model organism aim to elucidate the infection mechanisms of these...
Researchers from the University of Hamburg in Germany, in collaboration with colleagues from the University of Aarhus in Denmark, have synthesized a new superconducting material by growing a few layers of an antiferromagnetic transition-metal chalcogenide on a bismuth-based topological insulator, both being non-superconducting materials.
While superconductivity and magnetism are generally believed to be mutually exclusive, surprisingly, in this new material, superconducting correlations...
Laser-driving of semimetals allows creating novel quasiparticle states within condensed matter systems and switching between different states on ultrafast time scales
Studying properties of fundamental particles in condensed matter systems is a promising approach to quantum field theory. Quasiparticles offer the opportunity...
Among the general public, solar thermal energy is currently associated with dark blue, rectangular collectors on building roofs. Technologies are needed for aesthetically high quality architecture which offer the architect more room for manoeuvre when it comes to low- and plus-energy buildings. With the “ArKol” project, researchers at Fraunhofer ISE together with partners are currently developing two façade collectors for solar thermal energy generation, which permit a high degree of design flexibility: a strip collector for opaque façade sections and a solar thermal blind for transparent sections. The current state of the two developments will be presented at the BAU 2017 trade fair.
As part of the “ArKol – development of architecturally highly integrated façade collectors with heat pipes” project, Fraunhofer ISE together with its partners...
19.01.2017 | Event News
10.01.2017 | Event News
09.01.2017 | Event News
20.01.2017 | Awards Funding
20.01.2017 | Materials Sciences
20.01.2017 | Life Sciences