“Although the direct threat from climate-related infectious diseases in the UK is likely to be limited to food and waterborne disease,” says Professor Hunter, “mass migration of peoples displaced from developing nations that are more severely affected, is likely to have a far greater impact: causing a rise in cases of diseases like tuberculosis and HIV.”
Professor Hunter will make his comments on Tuesday as part of ‘Environmental change and the increasing threat of infectious diseases’, an event at the BA Festival of Science in Norwich. The Festival is taking place at the University of East Anglia from 2-9 September and will bring together over 300 of the UK’s top scientists and engineers to discuss the latest scientific developments with the public.
Professor Hunter suggests that the most serious impacts of climate change on infectious disease will be felt in the poorer countries of the world, but may also influence the ecology and distribution of species that are host to disease. For instance, while increases in summertime temperatures and the frequency of hot summers will boost bacterial growth rates in food and may cause a noticeable rise in cases of food poisoning, decreasing rainfall will reduce the availability of water and may lead to an increased reliance on poorer quality water sources and waste water. In developing nations without the appropriate water treatment technology this will lead to increasing outbreaks of diseases associated with contaminated water supplies (e.g. cholera, Hepatitis A and malaria) in addition to famine, large-scale displacement of people and wars over access to water before the end of the century.
Of more concern to developed nations, such as the UK, is the fact that more frequent flooding and extreme rainfall increases the likelihood of waterborne disease outbreaks. Particularly notable are reports of wound infections in Germany caused by Vibrio vulnificus (a marine water organism that only grows in warm water and was previously most problematic in areas bordering the Gulf of Mexico) and cryptosporidium and E. coli O157:H7 outbreaks in the UK and Canada as a result of heavy rainfall and associated flooding.
Lisa Hendry | alfa
Scientists team up on study to save endangered African penguins
16.11.2017 | Florida Atlantic University
Climate change: Urban trees are growing faster worldwide
13.11.2017 | Technische Universität München
The formation of stars in distant galaxies is still largely unexplored. For the first time, astron-omers at the University of Geneva have now been able to closely observe a star system six billion light-years away. In doing so, they are confirming earlier simulations made by the University of Zurich. One special effect is made possible by the multiple reflections of images that run through the cosmos like a snake.
Today, astronomers have a pretty accurate idea of how stars were formed in the recent cosmic past. But do these laws also apply to older galaxies? For around a...
Just because someone is smart and well-motivated doesn't mean he or she can learn the visual skills needed to excel at tasks like matching fingerprints, interpreting medical X-rays, keeping track of aircraft on radar displays or forensic face matching.
That is the implication of a new study which shows for the first time that there is a broad range of differences in people's visual ability and that these...
Computer Tomography (CT) is a standard procedure in hospitals, but so far, the technology has not been suitable for imaging extremely small objects. In PNAS, a team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) describes a Nano-CT device that creates three-dimensional x-ray images at resolutions up to 100 nanometers. The first test application: Together with colleagues from the University of Kassel and Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht the researchers analyzed the locomotory system of a velvet worm.
During a CT analysis, the object under investigation is x-rayed and a detector measures the respective amount of radiation absorbed from various angles....
The quantum world is fragile; error correction codes are needed to protect the information stored in a quantum object from the deteriorating effects of noise. Quantum physicists in Innsbruck have developed a protocol to pass quantum information between differently encoded building blocks of a future quantum computer, such as processors and memories. Scientists may use this protocol in the future to build a data bus for quantum computers. The researchers have published their work in the journal Nature Communications.
Future quantum computers will be able to solve problems where conventional computers fail today. We are still far away from any large-scale implementation,...
Pillared graphene would transfer heat better if the theoretical material had a few asymmetric junctions that caused wrinkles, according to Rice University...
15.11.2017 | Event News
15.11.2017 | Event News
30.10.2017 | Event News
17.11.2017 | Physics and Astronomy
17.11.2017 | Health and Medicine
17.11.2017 | Studies and Analyses