"Efficient flue gas purification equipment at large waste incineration plants can reduce flue gas emissions, and cut the amounts of fine particles and heavy metals containing harmful compounds, to the levels required by the Waste Incineration Directive," explains senior research scientist Carl Wilen of the Technical Research Centre of Finland. Fine particle emissions from waste incineration and their purification have been studied as part of the Tekes FINE Particles technology programme.
Increasing waste recovery rates also places demands on the use of waste as a source of energy. The new EU Waste Incineration Directive which comes into force at the beginning of 2006 carefully defines what waste incineration plants are allowed to release into the air.
"We are studying the formation of fine particles in waste incineration and the role played by the quality of waste in the reduction of fine particle emissions. Fine particle emissions from waste incineration are a more serious problem than other emissions because they can be inhaled deep into the lungs and they contain heavy metals, for example," explains Carl Wilen.
Eeva Ahola | alfa
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