A total of 882 Baltic Sea research projects were carried out in 2004 in the countries surrounding the Baltic Sea. A majority (71 %) of the projects were national, 25 % were multinational EU projects and 3 % Nordic cooperation projects. This was reported in the BONUS Publication Nr. 3 Baltic Sea Research and R&D Funding in 2004, published at the beginning of November.
Baltic Sea research is carried out in all countries surrounding the Sea in several research programmes, in dozens of research institutes and universities, in hundreds of projects and by thousands of scientists. The spectrum of different forms of Baltic Sea R&D funding is broad. The funding allocated by national sources, the EU and the Nordic Council of Ministers for Baltic Sea research in 2004 totalled 52 million euros.
The publication shows that all environmental issues are funded and intensively studied in the coastal countries. Most of the research funds, approx. 10 million euros, were used for studies supporting the sustainable use of the living resources of the Baltic Sea, i.e. fish biology and fisheries. Eutrophication and biodiversity were studied with some eight million euros each. Other thematic fields studied were climate change, contaminants, loading and coastal problems. The influence of the EU Water Framework Directive has triggered research aiming at the typological classification of the Baltic Sea ecosystem. The strategic goal of the European Research Area is reflected as networking activities in various fields of research. There was also considerable funding, amounting to 8.3 million euros, allocated for projects which could not be linked to any environmental issue, i.e. for basic research.
Terhi Loukiainen | alfa
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