Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Why Should Ecologists Know Psychology?

12.10.2005


How to bring together positions and views of psychologists and ecologists, integrate these sciences for a goal common to all mankind – preservation and evolution of life on the Earth?

Psychologists deal with the human being as such, reflection of reality in individual mentality, without paying too much attention to what is going on around. Ecologists are concerned with the process of interaction between human beings and nature, however, they at times consider this interaction only from the point of view of nature, or from the point of view of an “ideal man” without taking into account pschology of real people. It is always useful to make a step forward towards each other. Why this is required is discussed by the ecologist and the psychologist from their viewpoints.

Igor Chestin, Ph. D. (Biology), Director of the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) of Russia articulated three problems, which ecologists are apparently unable to solve without psychologists’ help. “Firstly, all ecological problems on the Earth have been created by men. And we are busy with reclaiming consequences of human activity. However, all people inhabiting the planet have initial positive motivation. It is hard to believe that a person would wake up in the morning and think out what kind of villainy to perform today, what to contaminate or destroy. The human being strives for good but it turns out bad for some reason? Why?”



The second problem was described by Igor Chestin by the example of hystory of nature conservation movement. In the course of time, the attitude of the society, authorities and business changed as regards to conservancy issues. The 80s of the last century were the worldwide peak of environmental movement, mass protests and demonstrations. This period reached its culmination at the 1992 UNO Conference, when all major international environmental agreements were signed. Then the period of decline followed not only in Russia (the deepest downturn took place in 2000), but also in other economically successful countries. The power was taken over by people who did not include nature conservation in their priority lists. Why? Ecologists do not have the answer.

Psychology of people is also underlying populations’ support of ecologists. The WWF, Greenpeace and other organizations are seeking to attract individual advocates. However, this does not work out perfectly well... If compared with the Netherlands, where every fifth family actually supports the WWF, in Russia, the number of nature conservation advocates makes thousands. Although, it seems that people are interested and the money involved is not that much.

Psychologist Nadezhda Vladislavova, Doctor of Science (Psychology), Professor, Moscow Psychological University, considers environmental problems in the context of human values. What is value from psychologists’ viewpoint? These are the merits and objects that that are particularly appealing to a person. When we apply to a person to induce he/she to do or not to do something, we appeal to his/her system of values. This would not work out otherwise. For the majority of people such words as nature and earth are valuable. But not for everybody. Therefore, it is necessary to find convincing words within other system of values. By the way, psychologists distinguish now seven systems of values.

One of the currently prevailing systems of values implies that a person is anxious to live well “here and now”. Practical mind and entrepreneurial ability are valued for successfulness in a “big game”. Competitive spirit is the general principle of life. It is in this system that environmental problems begin to occur as the person of a “big game” does not think of what would happen after him. However, inside this system, islets of another system start emerging, where relations between people and human merits are valued most of all. Out of it grows one more – the seventh - system of values: “I express myself but not at the expense of others.” This is particularly vividly shown in public organizations including those that are occupied with nature protection. Advantages of the people of this system are that they are capable to find common language with others and to solve together the tasks common to all mankind, including the task of life conservation on the Earth.

Sergey Komarov | alfa
Further information:
http://www.informnauka.ru

More articles from Ecology, The Environment and Conservation:

nachricht Litter is present throughout the world’s oceans: 1,220 species affected
27.03.2017 | Alfred-Wegener-Institut, Helmholtz-Zentrum für Polar- und Meeresforschung

nachricht International network connects experimental research in European waters
21.03.2017 | Leibniz-Institut für Gewässerökologie und Binnenfischerei (IGB)

All articles from Ecology, The Environment and Conservation >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: A Challenging European Research Project to Develop New Tiny Microscopes

The Institute of Semiconductor Technology and the Institute of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, both members of the Laboratory for Emerging Nanometrology (LENA), at Technische Universität Braunschweig are partners in a new European research project entitled ChipScope, which aims to develop a completely new and extremely small optical microscope capable of observing the interior of living cells in real time. A consortium of 7 partners from 5 countries will tackle this issue with very ambitious objectives during a four-year research program.

To demonstrate the usefulness of this new scientific tool, at the end of the project the developed chip-sized microscope will be used to observe in real-time...

Im Focus: Giant Magnetic Fields in the Universe

Astronomers from Bonn and Tautenburg in Thuringia (Germany) used the 100-m radio telescope at Effelsberg to observe several galaxy clusters. At the edges of these large accumulations of dark matter, stellar systems (galaxies), hot gas, and charged particles, they found magnetic fields that are exceptionally ordered over distances of many million light years. This makes them the most extended magnetic fields in the universe known so far.

The results will be published on March 22 in the journal „Astronomy & Astrophysics“.

Galaxy clusters are the largest gravitationally bound structures in the universe. With a typical extent of about 10 million light years, i.e. 100 times the...

Im Focus: Tracing down linear ubiquitination

Researchers at the Goethe University Frankfurt, together with partners from the University of Tübingen in Germany and Queen Mary University as well as Francis Crick Institute from London (UK) have developed a novel technology to decipher the secret ubiquitin code.

Ubiquitin is a small protein that can be linked to other cellular proteins, thereby controlling and modulating their functions. The attachment occurs in many...

Im Focus: Perovskite edges can be tuned for optoelectronic performance

Layered 2D material improves efficiency for solar cells and LEDs

In the eternal search for next generation high-efficiency solar cells and LEDs, scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory and their partners are creating...

Im Focus: Polymer-coated silicon nanosheets as alternative to graphene: A perfect team for nanoelectronics

Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are less stable. Now researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have, for the first time ever, produced a composite material combining silicon nanosheets and a polymer that is both UV-resistant and easy to process. This brings the scientists a significant step closer to industrial applications like flexible displays and photosensors.

Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

International Land Use Symposium ILUS 2017: Call for Abstracts and Registration open

20.03.2017 | Event News

CONNECT 2017: International congress on connective tissue

14.03.2017 | Event News

ICTM Conference: Turbine Construction between Big Data and Additive Manufacturing

07.03.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

'On-off switch' brings researchers a step closer to potential HIV vaccine

30.03.2017 | Health and Medicine

Penn studies find promise for innovations in liquid biopsies

30.03.2017 | Health and Medicine

An LED-based device for imaging radiation induced skin damage

30.03.2017 | Medical Engineering

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>