Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Centres of excellence as a response to the problem of access to water in Africa

06.06.2005


The New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD), held a Water Access workshop between 9 and 12 May. The aim of the event, bringing together specialists from Africa and France, was to set up a network of African Centres of Excellence in Water Science and Technology. It was supported by the Institut de recherche pour le développement (IRD). An action plan is to be put forward to decision makers anxious to meet the many challenges that face efforts to provide access to water resources and their management on the African continent.



African leaders have identified the scarcity of water as one of the main obstacles to development in Africa.

The Johannesburg Sustainable Development Summit of 2002 resulted in a number of fixed objectives to be met by 2015. Crucial among these: a halving of the numbers of people devoid of access to drinking water.


"Today, about 300 million people in Africa, making up over one third of Africa’s population, have no access to drinking water. And 400 million, nearly 50% of the population, have no access to water treatment services. Insanitary water and the fragile state of sanitation systems are the source of many diseases which ravage Africa. Such factors explain the alarming child mortality rates. In most African countries, women and young girls often spend hours on end fetching and carrying water. They have to go many kilometres to find any. This chore is one of the main causes of the low school attendance of girls in rural areas. " (Omar and Camdessus, Le Monde, 11 April 2005).

Sustainable access to drinking water and shared management of water resources at national and regional levels are therefore among the priorities of NEPAD’s action programme.

In order to meet the set objectives, African leaders are putting their faith in investments in science and technology. The task of the Nairobi workshop is to identify the specific difficulties and possible solutions to water-related problems in Africa and to propose projects of research and technological innovation that should be conducted by the African countries. The meeting should also put forward to African political decision-makers recommendations for setting up a network of centres of excellence calling on water science and technology to conduct concrete projects.

Water resources assessment, water quality and treatment, water management, and academic and professional training feature among the subject areas covered.

The workshop takes place at Unep’s offices. Financial backing has been provided by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The IRD takes the role of coordinator for all the French research that is being conducted.

Hélène Deval | EurekAlert!
Further information:
http://www.ird.fr

More articles from Ecology, The Environment and Conservation:

nachricht A new indicator for marine ecosystem changes: the diatom/dinoflagellate index
21.08.2017 | Leibniz-Institut für Ostseeforschung Warnemünde

nachricht Value from wastewater
16.08.2017 | Hochschule Landshut

All articles from Ecology, The Environment and Conservation >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Fizzy soda water could be key to clean manufacture of flat wonder material: Graphene

Whether you call it effervescent, fizzy, or sparkling, carbonated water is making a comeback as a beverage. Aside from quenching thirst, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have discovered a new use for these "bubbly" concoctions that will have major impact on the manufacturer of the world's thinnest, flattest, and one most useful materials -- graphene.

As graphene's popularity grows as an advanced "wonder" material, the speed and quality at which it can be manufactured will be paramount. With that in mind,...

Im Focus: Exotic quantum states made from light: Physicists create optical “wells” for a super-photon

Physicists at the University of Bonn have managed to create optical hollows and more complex patterns into which the light of a Bose-Einstein condensate flows. The creation of such highly low-loss structures for light is a prerequisite for complex light circuits, such as for quantum information processing for a new generation of computers. The researchers are now presenting their results in the journal Nature Photonics.

Light particles (photons) occur as tiny, indivisible portions. Many thousands of these light portions can be merged to form a single super-photon if they are...

Im Focus: Circular RNA linked to brain function

For the first time, scientists have shown that circular RNA is linked to brain function. When a RNA molecule called Cdr1as was deleted from the genome of mice, the animals had problems filtering out unnecessary information – like patients suffering from neuropsychiatric disorders.

While hundreds of circular RNAs (circRNAs) are abundant in mammalian brains, one big question has remained unanswered: What are they actually good for? In the...

Im Focus: RAVAN CubeSat measures Earth's outgoing energy

An experimental small satellite has successfully collected and delivered data on a key measurement for predicting changes in Earth's climate.

The Radiometer Assessment using Vertically Aligned Nanotubes (RAVAN) CubeSat was launched into low-Earth orbit on Nov. 11, 2016, in order to test new...

Im Focus: Scientists shine new light on the “other high temperature superconductor”

A study led by scientists of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science in Hamburg presents evidence of the coexistence of superconductivity and “charge-density-waves” in compounds of the poorly-studied family of bismuthates. This observation opens up new perspectives for a deeper understanding of the phenomenon of high-temperature superconductivity, a topic which is at the core of condensed matter research since more than 30 years. The paper by Nicoletti et al has been published in the PNAS.

Since the beginning of the 20th century, superconductivity had been observed in some metals at temperatures only a few degrees above the absolute zero (minus...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Call for Papers – ICNFT 2018, 5th International Conference on New Forming Technology

16.08.2017 | Event News

Sustainability is the business model of tomorrow

04.08.2017 | Event News

Clash of Realities 2017: Registration now open. International Conference at TH Köln

26.07.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

What the world's tiniest 'monster truck' reveals

23.08.2017 | Life Sciences

Treating arthritis with algae

23.08.2017 | Life Sciences

Witnessing turbulent motion in the atmosphere of a distant star

23.08.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>