The proposed construction of a European Arctic Flagship ‘AURORA BOREALIS’, the 250 Million Euro joint European Research Icebreaker with a deep drilling capability would result in a considerable commitment of the participating nations to coordinate and expand their Polar Research Programmes. Recent results from drilling of the Deep Arctic Ocean within the Arctic Coring Expedition (Acex) have revealed dramatic changes of climate in the Arctic region during the last 55 million years. European science would substantially benefit from a dedicated jointly owned research Icebreaker to investigate the deep Arctic Ocean. European Nations have a particular interest in understanding the Arctic environment with its potential for change because highly industrialized countries extend into high northern latitudes, and Europe is under the steady influence of and in exchange with the Arctic environment.
The AURORA BOREALIS will be globally the most advanced research platform with state-of-the-art technology for polar research. With its all-season capability it will provide a platform for tackling major scientific challenges, which hitherto has not been possible. It would be a floating European university in Polar Sciences. It would promote the idea of the European Research Area and it would result in substantial competitive advantages. In addition, it would help in the collection of data to advance the definition of the continental margins and increase safety in Arctic operations. The forthcoming international Polar Year in 2007-2008 provides an opportunity to launch such a groundbreaking European research facility.
A long-term science perspective document recommending the construction of such as infrastructure has been developed by The European Polar Board (European Science Foundation) written by scientists and from 10 nations throughout Europe. It highlights the major scientific challenges in the Arctic Ocean over the next 10 years. The AURORA BOREALIS project is an element of the European Polar Board’s Strategic Framework EUROPOLAR a concept which enables strengthening, expansion and commitment to the organization and implementation of European Polar Research. The Commitment of a group of European nations to this project will result in the enhancement of Political cooperation in the Arctic Region as a Whole.
Dr. Paul Egerton | alfa
Upcycling 'fast fashion' to reduce waste and pollution
03.04.2017 | American Chemical Society
Litter is present throughout the world’s oceans: 1,220 species affected
27.03.2017 | Alfred-Wegener-Institut, Helmholtz-Zentrum für Polar- und Meeresforschung
The nearby, giant radio galaxy M87 hosts a supermassive black hole (BH) and is well-known for its bright jet dominating the spectrum over ten orders of magnitude in frequency. Due to its proximity, jet prominence, and the large black hole mass, M87 is the best laboratory for investigating the formation, acceleration, and collimation of relativistic jets. A research team led by Silke Britzen from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, has found strong indication for turbulent processes connecting the accretion disk and the jet of that galaxy providing insights into the longstanding problem of the origin of astrophysical jets.
Supermassive black holes form some of the most enigmatic phenomena in astrophysics. Their enormous energy output is supposed to be generated by the...
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Microprocessors based on atomically thin materials hold the promise of the evolution of traditional processors as well as new applications in the field of flexible electronics. Now, a TU Wien research team led by Thomas Müller has made a breakthrough in this field as part of an ongoing research project.
Two-dimensional materials, or 2D materials for short, are extremely versatile, although – or often more precisely because – they are made up of just one or a...
Two researchers at Heidelberg University have developed a model system that enables a better understanding of the processes in a quantum-physical experiment...
Glaciers might seem rather inhospitable environments. However, they are home to a diverse and vibrant microbial community. It’s becoming increasingly clear that they play a bigger role in the carbon cycle than previously thought.
A new study, now published in the journal Nature Geoscience, shows how microbial communities in melting glaciers contribute to the Earth’s carbon cycle, a...
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21.04.2017 | Physics and Astronomy