Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:


Climate protocol may save Amazon region


If Brazil gets a climate protocol, like the Kyoto Protocol for the rich countries, it will be possible to create an incentive for the country to reduce the deforestation of the Amazon region. The Kyoto Protocol targets a reduction of emissions of carbon dioxide and greenhouse gases.

In a new study, Martin Persson, in collaboration with Christian Azar, at the Section for Physical Resource Theory, Chalmers University of Technology in Sweden, has examined how to deal with emissions of carbon dioxide from deforestation in the Amazon in a future international climate agreement, after Kyoto.

“An international climate agreement can create pressure to reduce deforestation in the Amazon region, but it is important that emissions from deforestation be included in a way that does not undermine work to reduce emissions in the energy sector,” says Martin Persson.

A few weeks ago it was reported that the annual rate of deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon had increased for the second year in a row, a record 23,750 km2, representing an area three quarters the size of Belgium.

This cutting of forests produces emissions of carbon dioxide corresponding to ten times Sweden’s annual emissions of greenhouse gases or a few percent of the world’s aggregate emissions from the combustion of fossil fuels.

However, because of the many factors contributing to deforestation and problems like corruption and limited resources, Brazil has historically found it difficult to control deforestation.

This means that it is extremely difficult to predict what effect a climate objective would have on deforestation in practice and will make it difficult for Brazil to accept strong demands for reductions in emissions from deforestation.

The study estimates that the uncertainties in future emissions from deforestation in the Amazon are so great that if an excessively high emissions target is set for Brazil, the country will be able to sell surplus emissions rights on the world market corresponding to the entire reduction required of all EU countries by the Kyoto Protocol. This would thereby risk the cancellation of emissions reductions from the combustion of fossil fuels in the rest of the world and a delay in the necessary transformation of the world’s energy systems.

As an alternative, Martin Persson and Christian Azar suggest that Amazon emissions be included, but that they be treated differently from emissions in the energy sector. By differentiating these emissions from each other, the problems mentioned above can be dealt with and incentives can be put in place for a reduction of emissions from deforestation.

The study Brazil beyond Kyoto­-Opportunities and Problems in Including Deforestation in the Tropics in a Future Period of Commitments was conducted by Martin Persson, doctoral student, and Professor Christian Azar at the Section for Physical Resource Theory, Chalmers, as part of the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency’s governmental commission “After Kyoto.” The commission is to be submitted to the Swedish government.

Jorun Fahle | alfa
Further information:

More articles from Ecology, The Environment and Conservation:

nachricht Invasive Insects Cost the World Billions Per Year
04.10.2016 | University of Adelaide

nachricht Malaysia's unique freshwater mussels in danger
27.09.2016 | The University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus

All articles from Ecology, The Environment and Conservation >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Novel light sources made of 2D materials

Physicists from the University of Würzburg have designed a light source that emits photon pairs. Two-photon sources are particularly well suited for tap-proof data encryption. The experiment's key ingredients: a semiconductor crystal and some sticky tape.

So-called monolayers are at the heart of the research activities. These "super materials" (as the prestigious science magazine "Nature" puts it) have been...

Im Focus: Etching Microstructures with Lasers

Ultrafast lasers have introduced new possibilities in engraving ultrafine structures, and scientists are now also investigating how to use them to etch microstructures into thin glass. There are possible applications in analytics (lab on a chip) and especially in electronics and the consumer sector, where great interest has been shown.

This new method was born of a surprising phenomenon: irradiating glass in a particular way with an ultrafast laser has the effect of making the glass up to a...

Im Focus: Light-driven atomic rotations excite magnetic waves

Terahertz excitation of selected crystal vibrations leads to an effective magnetic field that drives coherent spin motion

Controlling functional properties by light is one of the grand goals in modern condensed matter physics and materials science. A new study now demonstrates how...

Im Focus: New 3-D wiring technique brings scalable quantum computers closer to reality

Researchers from the Institute for Quantum Computing (IQC) at the University of Waterloo led the development of a new extensible wiring technique capable of controlling superconducting quantum bits, representing a significant step towards to the realization of a scalable quantum computer.

"The quantum socket is a wiring method that uses three-dimensional wires based on spring-loaded pins to address individual qubits," said Jeremy Béjanin, a PhD...

Im Focus: Scientists develop a semiconductor nanocomposite material that moves in response to light

In a paper in Scientific Reports, a research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute describes a novel light-activated phenomenon that could become the basis for applications as diverse as microscopic robotic grippers and more efficient solar cells.

A research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) has developed a revolutionary, light-activated semiconductor nanocomposite material that can be used...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>



Event News

#IC2S2: When Social Science meets Computer Science - GESIS will host the IC2S2 conference 2017

14.10.2016 | Event News

Agricultural Trade Developments and Potentials in Central Asia and the South Caucasus

14.10.2016 | Event News

World Health Summit – Day Three: A Call to Action

12.10.2016 | Event News

Latest News

Prototype device for measuring graphene-based electromagnetic radiation created

28.10.2016 | Power and Electrical Engineering

Gamma ray camera offers new view on ultra-high energy electrons in plasma

28.10.2016 | Physics and Astronomy

When fat cells change their colour

28.10.2016 | Life Sciences

More VideoLinks >>>