Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Research Into Effects Of Traffic Fumes

29.03.2004


The damage that traffic fumes can do to vegetation close to roads has been the subject of new research carried out at the University of Bradford.



PhD student Keeley Bignal monitored moss and lichen over a six-month period to compile the study. Keeley took specimens from sites where there is no pollution and placed them at various distances from busy roadsides.

She said: "We are using lichens and mosses because they are known to be sensitive to air pollution.


"Previously research has concentrated on other types of pollution and their effects on the environment, but little is known about the effects of vehicle pollution."

Keeley used two sites adjacent to the M62 motorway - one oak woodland site near Brighouse, and one blanket bog site at the side of the M62 motorway as it crosses the Pennines. The blanket bog site is already designated as a Special Area of Conservation.

At these sites, Keeley placed specimens at various distances from the motorway, with the closest at 15 metres and the farthest at 250 metres.

Impacts were seen in growth, visible damage and physiology up to 50-100 metres from the motorway edge.

The results are part of a report compiled at the University, and commissioned by English Nature, which aims to give a better understanding of how traffic fumes can affect vegetation.

The English Nature report, which has yet to be published, uses evidence from Keeley’s findings as well as from existing research to evaluate the impact of road transport pollution on the environment.

Keeley’s research also formed part of a wider project between five other institutions which are looking at the impact of traffic pollution on everything from trees to ornamental shrubs.

Funding and support for the research came from the University of Bradford, English Nature, the Natural Environment Research Council and the Joint Nature Conservation Committee.

Emma Scales | University of Bradford
Further information:
http://www.brad.ac.uk/admin/pr/pressreleases/2004/traffic.php

More articles from Ecology, The Environment and Conservation:

nachricht Removing fossil fuel subsidies will not reduce CO2 emissions as much as hoped
08.02.2018 | International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)

nachricht The disappearance of common species
01.02.2018 | Technical University of Munich (TUM)

All articles from Ecology, The Environment and Conservation >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Demonstration of a single molecule piezoelectric effect

Breakthrough provides a new concept of the design of molecular motors, sensors and electricity generators at nanoscale

Researchers from the Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry of the CAS (IOCB Prague), Institute of Physics of the CAS (IP CAS) and Palacký University...

Im Focus: Hybrid optics bring color imaging using ultrathin metalenses into focus

For photographers and scientists, lenses are lifesavers. They reflect and refract light, making possible the imaging systems that drive discovery through the microscope and preserve history through cameras.

But today's glass-based lenses are bulky and resist miniaturization. Next-generation technologies, such as ultrathin cameras or tiny microscopes, require...

Im Focus: Stem cell divisions in the adult brain seen for the first time

Scientists from the University of Zurich have succeeded for the first time in tracking individual stem cells and their neuronal progeny over months within the intact adult brain. This study sheds light on how new neurons are produced throughout life.

The generation of new nerve cells was once thought to taper off at the end of embryonic development. However, recent research has shown that the adult brain...

Im Focus: Interference as a new method for cooling quantum devices

Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. Study published in Physical Review Letters

Quantum computer parts are sensitive and need to be cooled to very low temperatures. Their tiny size makes them particularly susceptible to a temperature...

Im Focus: Autonomous 3D scanner supports individual manufacturing processes

Let’s say the armrest is broken in your vintage car. As things stand, you would need a lot of luck and persistence to find the right spare part. But in the world of Industrie 4.0 and production with batch sizes of one, you can simply scan the armrest and print it out. This is made possible by the first ever 3D scanner capable of working autonomously and in real time. The autonomous scanning system will be on display at the Hannover Messe Preview on February 6 and at the Hannover Messe proper from April 23 to 27, 2018 (Hall 6, Booth A30).

Part of the charm of vintage cars is that they stopped making them long ago, so it is special when you do see one out on the roads. If something breaks or...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

2nd International Conference on High Temperature Shape Memory Alloys (HTSMAs)

15.02.2018 | Event News

Aachen DC Grid Summit 2018

13.02.2018 | Event News

How Global Climate Policy Can Learn from the Energy Transition

12.02.2018 | Event News

 
Latest News

Fingerprints of quantum entanglement

16.02.2018 | Information Technology

'Living bandages': NUST MISIS scientists develop biocompatible anti-burn nanofibers

16.02.2018 | Health and Medicine

Hubble sees Neptune's mysterious shrinking storm

16.02.2018 | Physics and Astronomy

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>