Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Research Into Effects Of Traffic Fumes

29.03.2004


The damage that traffic fumes can do to vegetation close to roads has been the subject of new research carried out at the University of Bradford.



PhD student Keeley Bignal monitored moss and lichen over a six-month period to compile the study. Keeley took specimens from sites where there is no pollution and placed them at various distances from busy roadsides.

She said: "We are using lichens and mosses because they are known to be sensitive to air pollution.


"Previously research has concentrated on other types of pollution and their effects on the environment, but little is known about the effects of vehicle pollution."

Keeley used two sites adjacent to the M62 motorway - one oak woodland site near Brighouse, and one blanket bog site at the side of the M62 motorway as it crosses the Pennines. The blanket bog site is already designated as a Special Area of Conservation.

At these sites, Keeley placed specimens at various distances from the motorway, with the closest at 15 metres and the farthest at 250 metres.

Impacts were seen in growth, visible damage and physiology up to 50-100 metres from the motorway edge.

The results are part of a report compiled at the University, and commissioned by English Nature, which aims to give a better understanding of how traffic fumes can affect vegetation.

The English Nature report, which has yet to be published, uses evidence from Keeley’s findings as well as from existing research to evaluate the impact of road transport pollution on the environment.

Keeley’s research also formed part of a wider project between five other institutions which are looking at the impact of traffic pollution on everything from trees to ornamental shrubs.

Funding and support for the research came from the University of Bradford, English Nature, the Natural Environment Research Council and the Joint Nature Conservation Committee.

Emma Scales | University of Bradford
Further information:
http://www.brad.ac.uk/admin/pr/pressreleases/2004/traffic.php

More articles from Ecology, The Environment and Conservation:

nachricht Preservation of floodplains is flood protection
27.09.2017 | Technische Universität München

nachricht Conservationists are sounding the alarm: parrots much more threatened than assumed
15.09.2017 | Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen

All articles from Ecology, The Environment and Conservation >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Neutron star merger directly observed for the first time

University of Maryland researchers contribute to historic detection of gravitational waves and light created by event

On August 17, 2017, at 12:41:04 UTC, scientists made the first direct observation of a merger between two neutron stars--the dense, collapsed cores that remain...

Im Focus: Breaking: the first light from two neutron stars merging

Seven new papers describe the first-ever detection of light from a gravitational wave source. The event, caused by two neutron stars colliding and merging together, was dubbed GW170817 because it sent ripples through space-time that reached Earth on 2017 August 17. Around the world, hundreds of excited astronomers mobilized quickly and were able to observe the event using numerous telescopes, providing a wealth of new data.

Previous detections of gravitational waves have all involved the merger of two black holes, a feat that won the 2017 Nobel Prize in Physics earlier this month....

Im Focus: Smart sensors for efficient processes

Material defects in end products can quickly result in failures in many areas of industry, and have a massive impact on the safe use of their products. This is why, in the field of quality assurance, intelligent, nondestructive sensor systems play a key role. They allow testing components and parts in a rapid and cost-efficient manner without destroying the actual product or changing its surface. Experts from the Fraunhofer IZFP in Saarbrücken will be presenting two exhibits at the Blechexpo in Stuttgart from 7–10 November 2017 that allow fast, reliable, and automated characterization of materials and detection of defects (Hall 5, Booth 5306).

When quality testing uses time-consuming destructive test methods, it can result in enormous costs due to damaging or destroying the products. And given that...

Im Focus: Cold molecules on collision course

Using a new cooling technique MPQ scientists succeed at observing collisions in a dense beam of cold and slow dipolar molecules.

How do chemical reactions proceed at extremely low temperatures? The answer requires the investigation of molecular samples that are cold, dense, and slow at...

Im Focus: Shrinking the proton again!

Scientists from the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics, using high precision laser spectroscopy of atomic hydrogen, confirm the surprisingly small value of the proton radius determined from muonic hydrogen.

It was one of the breakthroughs of the year 2010: Laser spectroscopy of muonic hydrogen resulted in a value for the proton charge radius that was significantly...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

ASEAN Member States discuss the future role of renewable energy

17.10.2017 | Event News

World Health Summit 2017: International experts set the course for the future of Global Health

10.10.2017 | Event News

Climate Engineering Conference 2017 Opens in Berlin

10.10.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Osaka university researchers make the slipperiest surfaces adhesive

18.10.2017 | Materials Sciences

Space radiation won't stop NASA's human exploration

18.10.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

Los Alamos researchers and supercomputers help interpret the latest LIGO findings

18.10.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>