The global decline of amphibians has received a great deal of attention because amphibians are thought to be indicator species, or canaries in a coal mine that provide an early warning of environmental degradation. The topic has drawn considerable scientific attention because there is no obvious, simple cause. Researchers are pursuing a handful of explanations for worldwide losses of amphibian populations that are likely to affect all species. Thus, understanding the complexity of the amphibian decline case may provide insight as to how other species, including humans, may be affected by changes in the environment.
In a forthcoming special issue of Diversity and Distributions, several of the leading hypotheses for amphibian declines are addressed in a comprehensive volume for the first time in a primary scientific journal. In an introductory paper, Dr. James Collins (Arizona State University) and Dr. Andrew Storfer (Washington State University) establish a framework for studying the leading explanations. Leaders in the field then provide comprehensive reviews of the effects of: introduced non-native species (Lee Kats and Ryan Ferrer, Pepperdine University), increased ultraviolet radiation and chemical contaminants (Andrew Blaustein, Oregon State University, and others), global warming (Cynthia Carey and Michael Alexander, University of Colorado), and emerging infectious diseases (Peter Daszak, Consortium for Conservation Medicine, and others). Finally, future directions in amphibian conservation research are discussed in a summary article by the guest editor of the volume, Dr. Storfer.
The worldwide decline of amphibians is part of a general biodiversity crisis. Amphibians are clearly not canaries, but they are likely sending us the same message - our environment is changing and we are in danger if we don’t pay attention!
Emily Davis | alfa
Dispersal of Fish Eggs by Water Birds – Just a Myth?
19.02.2018 | Universität Basel
Removing fossil fuel subsidies will not reduce CO2 emissions as much as hoped
08.02.2018 | International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
So-called quantum many-body scars allow quantum systems to stay out of equilibrium much longer, explaining experiment | Study published in Nature Physics
Recently, researchers from Harvard and MIT succeeded in trapping a record 53 atoms and individually controlling their quantum state, realizing what is called a...
The historic first detection of gravitational waves from colliding black holes far outside our galaxy opened a new window to understanding the universe. A...
A team led by Austrian experimental physicist Rainer Blatt has succeeded in characterizing the quantum entanglement of two spatially separated atoms by observing their light emission. This fundamental demonstration could lead to the development of highly sensitive optical gradiometers for the precise measurement of the gravitational field or the earth's magnetic field.
The age of quantum technology has long been heralded. Decades of research into the quantum world have led to the development of methods that make it possible...
Cardiovascular tissue engineering aims to treat heart disease with prostheses that grow and regenerate. Now, researchers from the University of Zurich, the Technical University Eindhoven and the Charité Berlin have successfully implanted regenerative heart valves, designed with the aid of computer simulations, into sheep for the first time.
Producing living tissue or organs based on human cells is one of the main research fields in regenerative medicine. Tissue engineering, which involves growing...
A team of scientists of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science in Hamburg investigated optically-induced superconductivity in the alkali-doped fulleride K3C60under high external pressures. This study allowed, on one hand, to uniquely assess the nature of the transient state as a superconducting phase. In addition, it unveiled the possibility to induce superconductivity in K3C60 at temperatures far above the -170 degrees Celsius hypothesized previously, and rather all the way to room temperature. The paper by Cantaluppi et al has been published in Nature Physics.
Unlike ordinary metals, superconductors have the unique capability of transporting electrical currents without any loss. Nowadays, their technological...
02.05.2018 | Event News
13.04.2018 | Event News
12.04.2018 | Event News
18.05.2018 | Power and Electrical Engineering
18.05.2018 | Information Technology
18.05.2018 | Information Technology