Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Global trading scheme proposed to cut aviation and shipping emissions

17.06.2008
The workings of a much needed Global Emissions Trading Scheme for ships and planes have been published by Dr Terry Barker of Cambridge University and the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research.

His trading scheme is in response to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) last year stating that a suitable framework for effective mitigation policies has yet to be devised. The UK Government’s Transport Minister, Ruth Kelly, is today expected to call for shipping to be included in emissions trading schemes at a meeting of the UN’s International Maritime Organisation (IMO).

The Global Emissions Trading Scheme (GETS) is designed to initially check the international rise in polluting emissions from ships and planes and raise revenues to support developing countries’ efforts to adapt and mitigate to climate change. It focuses on these emissions as they have been growing rapidly. Shipping is at least equal to the global emissions of aviation (2%) and possibly more than double (4.5%) according to IMO figures from earlier this year. Growth in international trade and travel could lead to a 75% rise in shipping emissions and even more for emissions from planes by 2020.

These projections mean that in the long term shipping and aviation will come to dominate emissions even if national mitigation policies are moderately successful. There are no controls on growth, they are not included under the Kyoto Protocol, and international transport is anyway outside of any national jurisdiction.

Yet though it is desirable to curtail the exponential growth of international transport, international trade is central to global economic development. GETS is designed to be an essential component of climate change policies that support economic growth and development through adoption of low-carbon technologies.

The GETS proposal applies to transport operators rather than countries and will aim to gradually reduce emissions to net zero between 2013 and 2052 over eight-year periods of emissions capping. Credits will be auctioned and operators can buy additional credits, if needed, from limited offsetting through the Clean Development Mechanism. The revenues from the auctions, calculated to be in billions of dollars, would be used to support Mexico’s Multilateral Climate Change Fund, or new CDM programmes. GETS should stimulate the necessary technological change to reduce transport emissions and to shift away from such offsetting. As alternative technologies and fuels are developed the costs will begin to fall, with much of the costs of buying allowances passed on to freight rates and passenger fares. Tyndall Centre research using global economic modelling will test these assumptions.

Asher Minns | alfa
Further information:
http://www.tyndall.ac.uk/publications/briefing_notes/bn26.pdf

More articles from Ecology, The Environment and Conservation:

nachricht Litter is present throughout the world’s oceans: 1,220 species affected
27.03.2017 | Alfred-Wegener-Institut, Helmholtz-Zentrum für Polar- und Meeresforschung

nachricht International network connects experimental research in European waters
21.03.2017 | Leibniz-Institut für Gewässerökologie und Binnenfischerei (IGB)

All articles from Ecology, The Environment and Conservation >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Giant Magnetic Fields in the Universe

Astronomers from Bonn and Tautenburg in Thuringia (Germany) used the 100-m radio telescope at Effelsberg to observe several galaxy clusters. At the edges of these large accumulations of dark matter, stellar systems (galaxies), hot gas, and charged particles, they found magnetic fields that are exceptionally ordered over distances of many million light years. This makes them the most extended magnetic fields in the universe known so far.

The results will be published on March 22 in the journal „Astronomy & Astrophysics“.

Galaxy clusters are the largest gravitationally bound structures in the universe. With a typical extent of about 10 million light years, i.e. 100 times the...

Im Focus: Tracing down linear ubiquitination

Researchers at the Goethe University Frankfurt, together with partners from the University of Tübingen in Germany and Queen Mary University as well as Francis Crick Institute from London (UK) have developed a novel technology to decipher the secret ubiquitin code.

Ubiquitin is a small protein that can be linked to other cellular proteins, thereby controlling and modulating their functions. The attachment occurs in many...

Im Focus: Perovskite edges can be tuned for optoelectronic performance

Layered 2D material improves efficiency for solar cells and LEDs

In the eternal search for next generation high-efficiency solar cells and LEDs, scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory and their partners are creating...

Im Focus: Polymer-coated silicon nanosheets as alternative to graphene: A perfect team for nanoelectronics

Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are less stable. Now researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have, for the first time ever, produced a composite material combining silicon nanosheets and a polymer that is both UV-resistant and easy to process. This brings the scientists a significant step closer to industrial applications like flexible displays and photosensors.

Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are...

Im Focus: Researchers Imitate Molecular Crowding in Cells

Enzymes behave differently in a test tube compared with the molecular scrum of a living cell. Chemists from the University of Basel have now been able to simulate these confined natural conditions in artificial vesicles for the first time. As reported in the academic journal Small, the results are offering better insight into the development of nanoreactors and artificial organelles.

Enzymes behave differently in a test tube compared with the molecular scrum of a living cell. Chemists from the University of Basel have now been able to...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

International Land Use Symposium ILUS 2017: Call for Abstracts and Registration open

20.03.2017 | Event News

CONNECT 2017: International congress on connective tissue

14.03.2017 | Event News

ICTM Conference: Turbine Construction between Big Data and Additive Manufacturing

07.03.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Northern oceans pumped CO2 into the atmosphere

27.03.2017 | Earth Sciences

Fingerprint' technique spots frog populations at risk from pollution

27.03.2017 | Life Sciences

Big data approach to predict protein structure

27.03.2017 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>