The report found the National Marine Sanctuary System's impact was significant due to its role developing tools that allow the participation of numerous stakeholders, address multiple uses, and provide guidance on how to protect habitat and biodiversity while minimizing user conflicts.
The National Marine Sanctuaries Conservation Series report, "Examples of Ecosystem-based Management in National Marine Sanctuaries: Moving from Theory to Practice," presents eight case studies where strong ecosystem-based management principles were compared to guiding documents, co-management strategies, stakeholder involvement and marine zoning within the sanctuary system. The Office of National Marine Sanctuaries manages 14 marine protected areas covering more than 150,000 square miles of ocean and Great Lakes waters.
The report notes that over the past 20 years, ecosystem-based management, which considers cumulative effects of different activities and interactions among species, emerged as an alternative to traditional single-species approaches for management of marine and coastal resources. Both the Pew Oceans Commission and the U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy called on the U.S. to adopt ecosystem-based management as the foundation for a new era in ocean conservation.
With support from the National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, graduate students from eight universities participated in a Distributed Graduate Seminar that examined how Sanctuaries implement ecosystem-based management within their boundaries. The students found that in addition to regulatory actions, sanctuary managers utilized various tools and partner engagement to inform their decision-making.
"Our overarching goal is to provide guidance for resource managers to help them develop ecosystem-based management tools and best practices," said Robert Pavia, the project's co-principle investigator. "We also wanted to engage these students, who represent the next generation of marine managers, by letting them see the connection between theory and practice."
The full report is available on the Office of National Marine Sanctuaries Web site: http://sanctuaries.noaa.gov/science/conservation/welcome.html.
Institutions that participated in the seminar include California State University, Monterey Bay; University of California, Santa Barbara; University of Connecticut; University of Hawaii; University of Michigan; University of New Hampshire; University of South Florida; and the University of Washington.
NOAA understands and predicts changes in the Earth's environment, from the depths of the ocean to the surface of the sun, and conserves and manages our coastal and marine resources: Visit: http://www.noaa.gov.
Vernon Smith | EurekAlert!
Value from wastewater
16.08.2017 | Hochschule Landshut
Species Richness – a false friend? Scientists want to improve biodiversity assessments
01.08.2017 | Carl von Ossietzky-Universität Oldenburg
Whether you call it effervescent, fizzy, or sparkling, carbonated water is making a comeback as a beverage. Aside from quenching thirst, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have discovered a new use for these "bubbly" concoctions that will have major impact on the manufacturer of the world's thinnest, flattest, and one most useful materials -- graphene.
As graphene's popularity grows as an advanced "wonder" material, the speed and quality at which it can be manufactured will be paramount. With that in mind,...
Physicists at the University of Bonn have managed to create optical hollows and more complex patterns into which the light of a Bose-Einstein condensate flows. The creation of such highly low-loss structures for light is a prerequisite for complex light circuits, such as for quantum information processing for a new generation of computers. The researchers are now presenting their results in the journal Nature Photonics.
Light particles (photons) occur as tiny, indivisible portions. Many thousands of these light portions can be merged to form a single super-photon if they are...
For the first time, scientists have shown that circular RNA is linked to brain function. When a RNA molecule called Cdr1as was deleted from the genome of mice, the animals had problems filtering out unnecessary information – like patients suffering from neuropsychiatric disorders.
While hundreds of circular RNAs (circRNAs) are abundant in mammalian brains, one big question has remained unanswered: What are they actually good for? In the...
An experimental small satellite has successfully collected and delivered data on a key measurement for predicting changes in Earth's climate.
The Radiometer Assessment using Vertically Aligned Nanotubes (RAVAN) CubeSat was launched into low-Earth orbit on Nov. 11, 2016, in order to test new...
A study led by scientists of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science in Hamburg presents evidence of the coexistence of superconductivity and “charge-density-waves” in compounds of the poorly-studied family of bismuthates. This observation opens up new perspectives for a deeper understanding of the phenomenon of high-temperature superconductivity, a topic which is at the core of condensed matter research since more than 30 years. The paper by Nicoletti et al has been published in the PNAS.
Since the beginning of the 20th century, superconductivity had been observed in some metals at temperatures only a few degrees above the absolute zero (minus...
16.08.2017 | Event News
04.08.2017 | Event News
26.07.2017 | Event News
17.08.2017 | Physics and Astronomy
17.08.2017 | Earth Sciences
17.08.2017 | Physics and Astronomy