Water challenges - scarce fresh water resources, stress on aquatic ecosystems and the like - are high on the European and international agenda. Economically and environmentally efficient water management is seen as one of the main strategies for environmental protection in many European countries. Innovative solutions in industrial water use can help further decouple production growth from water use, taking into account local issues.
The chemical industry is a cornerstone of the European economy, converting raw materials into thousands of different products. It is both a major water user and a solution provider for process industry sectors such as mining, industrial biotechnology, health, food, electronics, pulp and paper, and energy. As such, the chemical industry offers significant potential for increasing eco-efficiency in industrial water management throughout the value chain.
The E4Water project will address crucial process industry needs to overcome bottlenecks in and barriers to an integrated and energy-efficient water management. Over a period of four years, 19 international partners, namely industry stakeholders, research partners and end users, will work together to develop new approaches to reduce water use, waste water production and energy use in the chemical industry.
The main objective of E4Water is to develop and test integrated approaches, methods and process technologies. The six industrial case study sites are expected to achieve a reduction of 20-40% in water use, 30-70% in wastewater production, and 15-40% in energy use, as well as an increase of up to 60% in direct economic benefits. In addition to the chemical industry, the project will seek opportunities for cross-fertilization with other industrial sectors.
The project consortium brings together large chemical companies, leading European water sector companies and innovative research and technology development (RTD) centres and universities. The partners are also involved in the Water supply and sanitation Platform (WssTP) and SusChem, the European Technology Platform for Sustainable Chemistry, and actively collaborate with water authorities in different European countries.Contact: DECHEMA e. V., Theodor-Heuss-Allee 25, 60486 Frankfurt am Main, Germany,
http://www.dechema.deDr. Thomas Track
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The nearby, giant radio galaxy M87 hosts a supermassive black hole (BH) and is well-known for its bright jet dominating the spectrum over ten orders of magnitude in frequency. Due to its proximity, jet prominence, and the large black hole mass, M87 is the best laboratory for investigating the formation, acceleration, and collimation of relativistic jets. A research team led by Silke Britzen from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, has found strong indication for turbulent processes connecting the accretion disk and the jet of that galaxy providing insights into the longstanding problem of the origin of astrophysical jets.
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Microprocessors based on atomically thin materials hold the promise of the evolution of traditional processors as well as new applications in the field of flexible electronics. Now, a TU Wien research team led by Thomas Müller has made a breakthrough in this field as part of an ongoing research project.
Two-dimensional materials, or 2D materials for short, are extremely versatile, although – or often more precisely because – they are made up of just one or a...
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