At the Staudinger coal-fired power plant near Hanau, Germany, more than 90 percent of the carbon dioxide (CO2) in the facility’s flue gas was separated. Another result of the large-scale project, which has been running since 2009, is that the flue gas scrubbing process doesn’t reduce the plant’s efficiency to the extent that had been expected. Based on this finding, the Siemens process is also suitable for use in larger demonstration facilities.
Separation of CO2 from power plant exhaust gases is one of the ways in which plants that run on fossil fuels can help protect the climate. The CO2 is removed from the flue gas by means of Siemens’ post-combustion process. The carbon dioxide is captured with a special scrubbing agent consisting of an amino acid salt solution. These acids occur in nature and aren’t harmful to the environment. The aqueous amino acid salt solution is almost completely non-volatile, so it generates practically no solvent emissions. Unlike previous processes, the new method doesn’t require extensive cleaning of the flue gas after the carbon dioxide is captured. What’s more, the scrubbing agent removes other pollutants in the flue gas besides CO2 and can be repeatedly reused.
In addition to being very environmentally friendly, the process — which is called PostCap — is also energy efficient. Thanks to improvements to the process made by the experts at Siemens Energy, the power plant’s efficiency is only reduced by about six percentage points. That’s far less than was expected: Previous estimates had indicated a loss of about ten percentage points.
The Siemens process is suited for new power plants using fossil fuels and for retrofitting existing power stations. Siemens has a comprehensive, technologically optimized solution package for CO2 capture. This technology is part of the Siemens environmental portfolio, which generated around €28 billion in sales for the company in fiscal year 2010.
Dr. Norbert Aschenbrenner | Siemens InnovationNews
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The WHO reports an estimated 429,000 malaria deaths each year. The disease mostly affects tropical and subtropical regions and in particular the African continent. The Fraunhofer Institute for Silicate Research ISC teamed up with the Fraunhofer Institute for Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology IME and the Institute of Tropical Medicine at the University of Tübingen for a new test method to detect malaria parasites in blood. The idea of the research project “NanoFRET” is to develop a highly sensitive and reliable rapid diagnostic test so that patient treatment can begin as early as possible.
Malaria is caused by parasites transmitted by mosquito bite. The most dangerous form of malaria is malaria tropica. Left untreated, it is fatal in most cases....
The formation of stars in distant galaxies is still largely unexplored. For the first time, astron-omers at the University of Geneva have now been able to closely observe a star system six billion light-years away. In doing so, they are confirming earlier simulations made by the University of Zurich. One special effect is made possible by the multiple reflections of images that run through the cosmos like a snake.
Today, astronomers have a pretty accurate idea of how stars were formed in the recent cosmic past. But do these laws also apply to older galaxies? For around a...
Just because someone is smart and well-motivated doesn't mean he or she can learn the visual skills needed to excel at tasks like matching fingerprints, interpreting medical X-rays, keeping track of aircraft on radar displays or forensic face matching.
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Computer Tomography (CT) is a standard procedure in hospitals, but so far, the technology has not been suitable for imaging extremely small objects. In PNAS, a team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) describes a Nano-CT device that creates three-dimensional x-ray images at resolutions up to 100 nanometers. The first test application: Together with colleagues from the University of Kassel and Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht the researchers analyzed the locomotory system of a velvet worm.
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The quantum world is fragile; error correction codes are needed to protect the information stored in a quantum object from the deteriorating effects of noise. Quantum physicists in Innsbruck have developed a protocol to pass quantum information between differently encoded building blocks of a future quantum computer, such as processors and memories. Scientists may use this protocol in the future to build a data bus for quantum computers. The researchers have published their work in the journal Nature Communications.
Future quantum computers will be able to solve problems where conventional computers fail today. We are still far away from any large-scale implementation,...
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22.11.2017 | Life Sciences