At the Staudinger coal-fired power plant near Hanau, Germany, more than 90 percent of the carbon dioxide (CO2) in the facility’s flue gas was separated. Another result of the large-scale project, which has been running since 2009, is that the flue gas scrubbing process doesn’t reduce the plant’s efficiency to the extent that had been expected. Based on this finding, the Siemens process is also suitable for use in larger demonstration facilities.
Separation of CO2 from power plant exhaust gases is one of the ways in which plants that run on fossil fuels can help protect the climate. The CO2 is removed from the flue gas by means of Siemens’ post-combustion process. The carbon dioxide is captured with a special scrubbing agent consisting of an amino acid salt solution. These acids occur in nature and aren’t harmful to the environment. The aqueous amino acid salt solution is almost completely non-volatile, so it generates practically no solvent emissions. Unlike previous processes, the new method doesn’t require extensive cleaning of the flue gas after the carbon dioxide is captured. What’s more, the scrubbing agent removes other pollutants in the flue gas besides CO2 and can be repeatedly reused.
In addition to being very environmentally friendly, the process — which is called PostCap — is also energy efficient. Thanks to improvements to the process made by the experts at Siemens Energy, the power plant’s efficiency is only reduced by about six percentage points. That’s far less than was expected: Previous estimates had indicated a loss of about ten percentage points.
The Siemens process is suited for new power plants using fossil fuels and for retrofitting existing power stations. Siemens has a comprehensive, technologically optimized solution package for CO2 capture. This technology is part of the Siemens environmental portfolio, which generated around €28 billion in sales for the company in fiscal year 2010.
Dr. Norbert Aschenbrenner | Siemens InnovationNews
How does the loss of species alter ecosystems?
18.05.2017 | Deutsches Zentrum für integrative Biodiversitätsforschung (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig
Excess diesel emissions bring global health & environmental impacts
16.05.2017 | International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
Staphylococcus aureus is a feared pathogen (MRSA, multi-resistant S. aureus) due to frequent resistances against many antibiotics, especially in hospital infections. Researchers at the Paul-Ehrlich-Institut have identified immunological processes that prevent a successful immune response directed against the pathogenic agent. The delivery of bacterial proteins with RNA adjuvant or messenger RNA (mRNA) into immune cells allows the re-direction of the immune response towards an active defense against S. aureus. This could be of significant importance for the development of an effective vaccine. PLOS Pathogens has published these research results online on 25 May 2017.
Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is a bacterium that colonizes by far more than half of the skin and the mucosa of adults, usually without causing infections....
Physicists from the University of Würzburg are capable of generating identical looking single light particles at the push of a button. Two new studies now demonstrate the potential this method holds.
The quantum computer has fuelled the imagination of scientists for decades: It is based on fundamentally different phenomena than a conventional computer....
An international team of physicists has monitored the scattering behaviour of electrons in a non-conducting material in real-time. Their insights could be beneficial for radiotherapy.
We can refer to electrons in non-conducting materials as ‘sluggish’. Typically, they remain fixed in a location, deep inside an atomic composite. It is hence...
Two-dimensional magnetic structures are regarded as a promising material for new types of data storage, since the magnetic properties of individual molecular building blocks can be investigated and modified. For the first time, researchers have now produced a wafer-thin ferrimagnet, in which molecules with different magnetic centers arrange themselves on a gold surface to form a checkerboard pattern. Scientists at the Swiss Nanoscience Institute at the University of Basel and the Paul Scherrer Institute published their findings in the journal Nature Communications.
Ferrimagnets are composed of two centers which are magnetized at different strengths and point in opposing directions. Two-dimensional, quasi-flat ferrimagnets...
An Australian-Chinese research team has created the world's thinnest hologram, paving the way towards the integration of 3D holography into everyday...
24.05.2017 | Event News
23.05.2017 | Event News
22.05.2017 | Event News
26.05.2017 | Life Sciences
26.05.2017 | Life Sciences
26.05.2017 | Physics and Astronomy