Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Research Examines Dependence on Ethanol

20.02.2009
Ethanol production used less than 5 percent of the nation’s corn in 1990-91, or 333 million bushels, but used as much as 24 percent — 3.1 billion bushels — by 2007-08, a South Dakota State University economist says.

SDSU research associate Yonas Hamda’s article, “Dependency on the Ethanol Industry,” is included in a recent issue of the SDSU Economics Commentator. It’s available online at an SDSU Department of Economics Web site, http://econ.sdstate.edu/Research/Commentator/No503.pdf.

Hamda includes some discussion of domestic corn used for ethanol. The figures show that the top five states in ethanol production — Iowa, Nebraska, Illinois, South Dakota and Minnesota currently account for two-thirds of ethanol production capacity — are channeling a substantial share of their corn into ethanol processing.

About 60 percent of South Dakota’s corn went into ethanol production by 2007-08, the highest proportion of any state. In Iowa the figure was 50 percent; in Nebraska, 40 percent; and in Minnesota and Illinois, 30 percent.

The increasing rate of corn for ethanol use has affected the availability of corn for feed and exports.

Research in 2008 by SDSU economists Bashir Qasmi, Yonas Hamda and Scott Fausti suggested the share of corn going for ethanol production implies a heightened level of dependency of South Dakota’s agricultural economy on the industry.

In South Dakota 15 ethanol plants have the capacity to produce 874 million gallons a year — 9 percent of the nation’s ethanol producing capacity. The study by Qasmi, Hamda and Fausti found that three companies —VeraSun Energy, Poet, and Archer Daniels Midland Co. — owned 43 plants in the United States, with total capacity of 3.6 billion gallons per year, accounting for 36 percent of the nation’s ethanol production capacity in 2008. VeraSun filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in 2008.

As of September 2008, there were 165 ethanol plants in the U.S. with a total capacity of 9.9 billion gallons per year. National ethanol production is expected to soon reach 13.8 billion gallons per year due to expansion at five plants and construction of 34 new plants.

Jeanne Jones Manzer | Newswise Science News
Further information:
http://www.sdstate.edu

More articles from Power and Electrical Engineering:

nachricht A big nano boost for solar cells
18.01.2017 | Kyoto University and Osaka Gas effort doubles current efficiencies

nachricht Multiregional brain on a chip
16.01.2017 | Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences

All articles from Power and Electrical Engineering >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: How gut bacteria can make us ill

HZI researchers decipher infection mechanisms of Yersinia and immune responses of the host

Yersiniae cause severe intestinal infections. Studies using Yersinia pseudotuberculosis as a model organism aim to elucidate the infection mechanisms of these...

Im Focus: Interfacial Superconductivity: Magnetic and superconducting order revealed simultaneously

Researchers from the University of Hamburg in Germany, in collaboration with colleagues from the University of Aarhus in Denmark, have synthesized a new superconducting material by growing a few layers of an antiferromagnetic transition-metal chalcogenide on a bismuth-based topological insulator, both being non-superconducting materials.

While superconductivity and magnetism are generally believed to be mutually exclusive, surprisingly, in this new material, superconducting correlations...

Im Focus: Studying fundamental particles in materials

Laser-driving of semimetals allows creating novel quasiparticle states within condensed matter systems and switching between different states on ultrafast time scales

Studying properties of fundamental particles in condensed matter systems is a promising approach to quantum field theory. Quasiparticles offer the opportunity...

Im Focus: Designing Architecture with Solar Building Envelopes

Among the general public, solar thermal energy is currently associated with dark blue, rectangular collectors on building roofs. Technologies are needed for aesthetically high quality architecture which offer the architect more room for manoeuvre when it comes to low- and plus-energy buildings. With the “ArKol” project, researchers at Fraunhofer ISE together with partners are currently developing two façade collectors for solar thermal energy generation, which permit a high degree of design flexibility: a strip collector for opaque façade sections and a solar thermal blind for transparent sections. The current state of the two developments will be presented at the BAU 2017 trade fair.

As part of the “ArKol – development of architecturally highly integrated façade collectors with heat pipes” project, Fraunhofer ISE together with its partners...

Im Focus: How to inflate a hardened concrete shell with a weight of 80 t

At TU Wien, an alternative for resource intensive formwork for the construction of concrete domes was developed. It is now used in a test dome for the Austrian Federal Railways Infrastructure (ÖBB Infrastruktur).

Concrete shells are efficient structures, but not very resource efficient. The formwork for the construction of concrete domes alone requires a high amount of...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

12V, 48V, high-voltage – trends in E/E automotive architecture

10.01.2017 | Event News

2nd Conference on Non-Textual Information on 10 and 11 May 2017 in Hannover

09.01.2017 | Event News

Nothing will happen without batteries making it happen!

05.01.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

A big nano boost for solar cells

18.01.2017 | Power and Electrical Engineering

Glass's off-kilter harmonies

18.01.2017 | Materials Sciences

Toward a 'smart' patch that automatically delivers insulin when needed

18.01.2017 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>