Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Research Examines Dependence on Ethanol

20.02.2009
Ethanol production used less than 5 percent of the nation’s corn in 1990-91, or 333 million bushels, but used as much as 24 percent — 3.1 billion bushels — by 2007-08, a South Dakota State University economist says.

SDSU research associate Yonas Hamda’s article, “Dependency on the Ethanol Industry,” is included in a recent issue of the SDSU Economics Commentator. It’s available online at an SDSU Department of Economics Web site, http://econ.sdstate.edu/Research/Commentator/No503.pdf.

Hamda includes some discussion of domestic corn used for ethanol. The figures show that the top five states in ethanol production — Iowa, Nebraska, Illinois, South Dakota and Minnesota currently account for two-thirds of ethanol production capacity — are channeling a substantial share of their corn into ethanol processing.

About 60 percent of South Dakota’s corn went into ethanol production by 2007-08, the highest proportion of any state. In Iowa the figure was 50 percent; in Nebraska, 40 percent; and in Minnesota and Illinois, 30 percent.

The increasing rate of corn for ethanol use has affected the availability of corn for feed and exports.

Research in 2008 by SDSU economists Bashir Qasmi, Yonas Hamda and Scott Fausti suggested the share of corn going for ethanol production implies a heightened level of dependency of South Dakota’s agricultural economy on the industry.

In South Dakota 15 ethanol plants have the capacity to produce 874 million gallons a year — 9 percent of the nation’s ethanol producing capacity. The study by Qasmi, Hamda and Fausti found that three companies —VeraSun Energy, Poet, and Archer Daniels Midland Co. — owned 43 plants in the United States, with total capacity of 3.6 billion gallons per year, accounting for 36 percent of the nation’s ethanol production capacity in 2008. VeraSun filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in 2008.

As of September 2008, there were 165 ethanol plants in the U.S. with a total capacity of 9.9 billion gallons per year. National ethanol production is expected to soon reach 13.8 billion gallons per year due to expansion at five plants and construction of 34 new plants.

Jeanne Jones Manzer | Newswise Science News
Further information:
http://www.sdstate.edu

More articles from Power and Electrical Engineering:

nachricht The world's most powerful acoustic tractor beam could pave the way for levitating humans
22.01.2018 | University of Bristol

nachricht Siberian scientists learned how to reduce harmful emissions from HPPs
22.01.2018 | Siberian Federal University

All articles from Power and Electrical Engineering >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Artificial agent designs quantum experiments

On the way to an intelligent laboratory, physicists from Innsbruck and Vienna present an artificial agent that autonomously designs quantum experiments. In initial experiments, the system has independently (re)discovered experimental techniques that are nowadays standard in modern quantum optical laboratories. This shows how machines could play a more creative role in research in the future.

We carry smartphones in our pockets, the streets are dotted with semi-autonomous cars, but in the research laboratory experiments are still being designed by...

Im Focus: Scientists decipher key principle behind reaction of metalloenzymes

So-called pre-distorted states accelerate photochemical reactions too

What enables electrons to be transferred swiftly, for example during photosynthesis? An interdisciplinary team of researchers has worked out the details of how...

Im Focus: The first precise measurement of a single molecule's effective charge

For the first time, scientists have precisely measured the effective electrical charge of a single molecule in solution. This fundamental insight of an SNSF Professor could also pave the way for future medical diagnostics.

Electrical charge is one of the key properties that allows molecules to interact. Life itself depends on this phenomenon: many biological processes involve...

Im Focus: Paradigm shift in Paris: Encouraging an holistic view of laser machining

At the JEC World Composite Show in Paris in March 2018, the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT will be focusing on the latest trends and innovations in laser machining of composites. Among other things, researchers at the booth shared with the Aachen Center for Integrative Lightweight Production (AZL) will demonstrate how lasers can be used for joining, structuring, cutting and drilling composite materials.

No other industry has attracted as much public attention to composite materials as the automotive industry, which along with the aerospace industry is a driver...

Im Focus: Room-temperature multiferroic thin films and their properties

Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech) and Tohoku University have developed high-quality GFO epitaxial films and systematically investigated their ferroelectric and ferromagnetic properties. They also demonstrated the room-temperature magnetocapacitance effects of these GFO thin films.

Multiferroic materials show magnetically driven ferroelectricity. They are attracting increasing attention because of their fascinating properties such as...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

10th International Symposium: “Advanced Battery Power – Kraftwerk Batterie” Münster, 10-11 April 2018

08.01.2018 | Event News

See, understand and experience the work of the future

11.12.2017 | Event News

Innovative strategies to tackle parasitic worms

08.12.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

The world's most powerful acoustic tractor beam could pave the way for levitating humans

22.01.2018 | Power and Electrical Engineering

Siberian scientists learned how to reduce harmful emissions from HPPs

22.01.2018 | Power and Electrical Engineering

Combination of Resistance Genes Offers Better Protection for Wheat against Powdery Mildew

22.01.2018 | Agricultural and Forestry Science

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>