At its new Roof Photovoltaic Test Facility, NIST is monitoring the electrical performance and thermal performance of seven different residential systems designed for sloped roofs and two commercial building units designed for flat, industrial roofs. The data will be used to evaluate and improve computer algorithms for software simulation programs that predict the installed energy production of photovoltaic roof installations.
NIST's new Roof Photovoltaic Test Facility duplicates real-life conditions to monitor photovoltaic (PV) systems blended into concrete tile, slate and asphalt shingle roofs. Data from PV embedded systems and other framed PV roof modules systems will be used to validate or improve energy prediction models. Credit: NIST
The test photovoltaic systems are blended into concrete tile, slate and asphalt shingle roofs for residential applications and in raised, unframed modules for commercial applications. Each of the nine photovoltaic systems fall within the three general categories of photovoltaic cell technology--single crystalline, polycrystalline and amorphous silicon--with each unit representing different manufacturing processes, materials and design features.
Current, voltage and power output are sampled four times a minute for each test specimen. Ambient temperature, wind speed and the temperature of the test specimens also are measured at numerous locations because the operating temperature of photovoltaic modules affects the conversion efficiency of the units. Finally, the researchers are taking solar radiation measurements at the various planes of the installed roofing projects. Comparative analysis of the solar radiation data will allow NIST researchers to determine the accuracy of solar radiation models that take the horizontal radiation measurements, normally available at airports, and compute the quantity of solar radiation on surfaces at various tile angles.
John Blair | EurekAlert!
Did you know that the wrapping of Easter eggs benefits from specialty light sources?
13.04.2017 | Heraeus Noblelight GmbH
To e-, or not to e-, the question for the exotic 'Si-III' phase of silicon
05.04.2017 | Carnegie Institution for Science
More and more automobile companies are focusing on body parts made of carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP). However, manufacturing and repair costs must be further reduced in order to make CFRP more economical in use. Together with the Volkswagen AG and five other partners in the project HolQueSt 3D, the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) has developed laser processes for the automatic trimming, drilling and repair of three-dimensional components.
Automated manufacturing processes are the basis for ultimately establishing the series production of CFRP components. In the project HolQueSt 3D, the LZH has...
Reflecting the structure of composites found in nature and the ancient world, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have synthesized thin carbon nanotube (CNT) textiles that exhibit both high electrical conductivity and a level of toughness that is about fifty times higher than copper films, currently used in electronics.
"The structural robustness of thin metal films has significant importance for the reliable operation of smart skin and flexible electronics including...
The nearby, giant radio galaxy M87 hosts a supermassive black hole (BH) and is well-known for its bright jet dominating the spectrum over ten orders of magnitude in frequency. Due to its proximity, jet prominence, and the large black hole mass, M87 is the best laboratory for investigating the formation, acceleration, and collimation of relativistic jets. A research team led by Silke Britzen from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, has found strong indication for turbulent processes connecting the accretion disk and the jet of that galaxy providing insights into the longstanding problem of the origin of astrophysical jets.
Supermassive black holes form some of the most enigmatic phenomena in astrophysics. Their enormous energy output is supposed to be generated by the...
The probability to find a certain number of photons inside a laser pulse usually corresponds to a classical distribution of independent events, the so-called...
Microprocessors based on atomically thin materials hold the promise of the evolution of traditional processors as well as new applications in the field of flexible electronics. Now, a TU Wien research team led by Thomas Müller has made a breakthrough in this field as part of an ongoing research project.
Two-dimensional materials, or 2D materials for short, are extremely versatile, although – or often more precisely because – they are made up of just one or a...
20.04.2017 | Event News
18.04.2017 | Event News
03.04.2017 | Event News
24.04.2017 | Physics and Astronomy
24.04.2017 | Materials Sciences
24.04.2017 | Life Sciences