Currently, the Institute of Aerospace Engineering at the Technische Universität Dresden (TU Dresden) is developing an innovative sensor system for human respiratory investigations which can also be applied in the space. Professor Stefanos Fasoulas and his expert team have created a high-performance miniaturised sensor which enables a simultaneous in-situ measurement of oxygen, carbon dioxide and volume flow rates.
In this regard, scientists of the Professorship for Space Systems and Utilisation and their project partners from industry and from the European Space Agency (ESA) are opening up completely new horizons in the development of sensor systems for human respiratory investigations.
By integrating diverse measurements in a single sensor, the size of the analysing unit can be reduced to a few square millimetres only. Momentarily, scientists are working on the completion of an instrument which is supposed to be used on the International Space Station (ISS) soon. Small, light-weight, portable, powerful and reliable – these characteristics make the new system the ideal device for detecting an astronaut’s fitness or conducting important experiments in the space. The European Space Agency (ESA) is supporting this development.
Prof Stefanos Fasoulas | alfa
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Staphylococcus aureus is a feared pathogen (MRSA, multi-resistant S. aureus) due to frequent resistances against many antibiotics, especially in hospital infections. Researchers at the Paul-Ehrlich-Institut have identified immunological processes that prevent a successful immune response directed against the pathogenic agent. The delivery of bacterial proteins with RNA adjuvant or messenger RNA (mRNA) into immune cells allows the re-direction of the immune response towards an active defense against S. aureus. This could be of significant importance for the development of an effective vaccine. PLOS Pathogens has published these research results online on 25 May 2017.
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Physicists from the University of Würzburg are capable of generating identical looking single light particles at the push of a button. Two new studies now demonstrate the potential this method holds.
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An international team of physicists has monitored the scattering behaviour of electrons in a non-conducting material in real-time. Their insights could be beneficial for radiotherapy.
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Two-dimensional magnetic structures are regarded as a promising material for new types of data storage, since the magnetic properties of individual molecular building blocks can be investigated and modified. For the first time, researchers have now produced a wafer-thin ferrimagnet, in which molecules with different magnetic centers arrange themselves on a gold surface to form a checkerboard pattern. Scientists at the Swiss Nanoscience Institute at the University of Basel and the Paul Scherrer Institute published their findings in the journal Nature Communications.
Ferrimagnets are composed of two centers which are magnetized at different strengths and point in opposing directions. Two-dimensional, quasi-flat ferrimagnets...
An Australian-Chinese research team has created the world's thinnest hologram, paving the way towards the integration of 3D holography into everyday...
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